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Title: Porous carbon nanofiber derived from a waste biomass as anode material in lithium-ion batteries

In this study the entire process chain from raw biomass to carbon nanofiber (CNF) to high functioning lithium ion batteries (LIB) have been followed to evaluate the use of renewable materials for components of energy storage device. Electrospun CNF was prepared from a waste walnut shells using a relatively simple procedure for liquefying, electrospinning and carbonizing the fibrils. Mats of these CNF were used in LIB without binder, and the performance was measured as a function of the parameters used to prepare the nanofibers. Electrospinning solutions to polyvinyl alcohol at mass ratio of 80/20, 70/30 to 60/40 and carbonization temperature in the range from 800, 1000 to 1200 degrees C were used and the morphology, structure properties, and specific surface area of the walnut shell-derived carbon nanofiber (CNF) were comprehensively characterized. Their electrochemical performance were also investigated as electrode materials in LIB. The electrode obtained at 800 degrees C with mass ratio of 80/20 shows the highest specific capacity of 380 mA h g-1 at 0.03 A g-1 with an initial efficiency of 55.89%, and presents excellent cycling performance and high degree of reversibility (above 280 mA h g-1 specific capacity after 200 cycles at 0.1 A g-1).
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Northeast Forestry Univ., Harbin (China); Southwest Forestry Univ., Kunming (China)
  2. Southwest Forestry Univ., Kunming (China)
  3. Northeast Forestry Univ., Harbin (China)
  4. Thailand Inst. of Scientific and Technological Research, Pathum Thani (Thailand)
  5. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  6. Southwest Forestry Univ., Kunming (China); Xiamen Univ. (China)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-72237
Journal ID: ISSN 1876-1070
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers; Journal ID: ISSN 1876-1070
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; carbon nanofiber; walnut shell; electrospinning; lithium ion batteries
OSTI Identifier:
1466187

Tao, Lei, Huang, Yuanbo, Zheng, Yunwu, Yang, Xiaoqin, Liu, Can, Di, Mingwei, Larpkiattaworn, Siriporn, Nimlos, Mark R., and Zheng, Zhifeng. Porous carbon nanofiber derived from a waste biomass as anode material in lithium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2018.07.005.
Tao, Lei, Huang, Yuanbo, Zheng, Yunwu, Yang, Xiaoqin, Liu, Can, Di, Mingwei, Larpkiattaworn, Siriporn, Nimlos, Mark R., & Zheng, Zhifeng. Porous carbon nanofiber derived from a waste biomass as anode material in lithium-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2018.07.005.
Tao, Lei, Huang, Yuanbo, Zheng, Yunwu, Yang, Xiaoqin, Liu, Can, Di, Mingwei, Larpkiattaworn, Siriporn, Nimlos, Mark R., and Zheng, Zhifeng. 2018. "Porous carbon nanofiber derived from a waste biomass as anode material in lithium-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2018.07.005.
@article{osti_1466187,
title = {Porous carbon nanofiber derived from a waste biomass as anode material in lithium-ion batteries},
author = {Tao, Lei and Huang, Yuanbo and Zheng, Yunwu and Yang, Xiaoqin and Liu, Can and Di, Mingwei and Larpkiattaworn, Siriporn and Nimlos, Mark R. and Zheng, Zhifeng},
abstractNote = {In this study the entire process chain from raw biomass to carbon nanofiber (CNF) to high functioning lithium ion batteries (LIB) have been followed to evaluate the use of renewable materials for components of energy storage device. Electrospun CNF was prepared from a waste walnut shells using a relatively simple procedure for liquefying, electrospinning and carbonizing the fibrils. Mats of these CNF were used in LIB without binder, and the performance was measured as a function of the parameters used to prepare the nanofibers. Electrospinning solutions to polyvinyl alcohol at mass ratio of 80/20, 70/30 to 60/40 and carbonization temperature in the range from 800, 1000 to 1200 degrees C were used and the morphology, structure properties, and specific surface area of the walnut shell-derived carbon nanofiber (CNF) were comprehensively characterized. Their electrochemical performance were also investigated as electrode materials in LIB. The electrode obtained at 800 degrees C with mass ratio of 80/20 shows the highest specific capacity of 380 mA h g-1 at 0.03 A g-1 with an initial efficiency of 55.89%, and presents excellent cycling performance and high degree of reversibility (above 280 mA h g-1 specific capacity after 200 cycles at 0.1 A g-1).},
doi = {10.1016/j.jtice.2018.07.005},
journal = {Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}