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Title: Alignment, orientation, and Coulomb explosion of difluoroiodobenzene studied with the pixel imaging mass spectrometry (PImMS) camera

Abstract

Laser-induced adiabatic alignment and mixed-field orientation of 2,6-difluoroiodobenzene (C 6H 3F 2I) molecules are probed by Coulomb explosion imaging following either near-infrared strong-field ionization or extreme-ultraviolet multi-photon inner-shell ionization using free-electron laser pulses. The resulting photoelectrons and fragment ions are captured by a double-sided velocity map imaging spectrometer and projected onto two position-sensitive detectors. The ion side of the spectrometer is equipped with a pixel imaging mass spectrometry camera, a time-stamping pixelated detector that can record the hit positions and arrival times of up to four ions per pixel per acquisition cycle. Thus, the time-of-flight trace and ion momentum distributions for all fragments can be recorded simultaneously. Finally, we show that we can obtain a high degree of one-and three-dimensional alignment and mixed-field orientation and compare the Coulomb explosion process induced at both wavelengths

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9];  [4]; ORCiD logo [9];  [10] more »;  [2];  [2];  [4];  [2];  [3];  [11];  [2];  [2];  [9];  [10];  [2];  [1];  [5];  [3];  [1];  [12] « less
  1. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Aarhus Univ., Aarhus (Denmark)
  4. Max-Born-Institut fur Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie, Berlin (Germany)
  5. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
  6. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  7. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Carl von Ossietzky Univ., Oldenburg (Germany)
  8. Lund Univ., Lund (Sweden)
  9. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Univ. Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)
  10. Technische Univ. Berlin, Berlin (Germany)
  11. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Gottingen (Germany); Gottingen Univ., Gottingen (Germany)
  12. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1465986
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1361855
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-86ER13491
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 147; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Amini, Kasra, Boll, Rebecca, Lauer, Alexandra, Burt, Michael, Lee, Jason W. L., Christensen, Lauge, Brauβe, Felix, Mullins, Terence, Savelyev, Evgeny, Ablikim, Utuq, Berrah, Nora, Bomme, Cedric, Dusterer, Stefan, Erk, Benjamin, Hoppner, Hauke, Johnsson, Per, Kierspel, Thomas, Krecinic, Faruk, Kupper, Jochen, Muller, Maria, Muller, Erland, Redlin, Harald, Rouzee, Arnaud, Schirmel, Nora, Thogersen, Jan, Techert, Simone, Toleikis, Sven, Treusch, Rolf, Trippel, Sebastian, Ulmer, Anatoli, Wiese, Joss, Vallance, Claire, Rudenko, Artem, Stapelfeldt, Henrik, Brouard, Mark, and Rolles, Daniel. Alignment, orientation, and Coulomb explosion of difluoroiodobenzene studied with the pixel imaging mass spectrometry (PImMS) camera. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4982220.
Amini, Kasra, Boll, Rebecca, Lauer, Alexandra, Burt, Michael, Lee, Jason W. L., Christensen, Lauge, Brauβe, Felix, Mullins, Terence, Savelyev, Evgeny, Ablikim, Utuq, Berrah, Nora, Bomme, Cedric, Dusterer, Stefan, Erk, Benjamin, Hoppner, Hauke, Johnsson, Per, Kierspel, Thomas, Krecinic, Faruk, Kupper, Jochen, Muller, Maria, Muller, Erland, Redlin, Harald, Rouzee, Arnaud, Schirmel, Nora, Thogersen, Jan, Techert, Simone, Toleikis, Sven, Treusch, Rolf, Trippel, Sebastian, Ulmer, Anatoli, Wiese, Joss, Vallance, Claire, Rudenko, Artem, Stapelfeldt, Henrik, Brouard, Mark, & Rolles, Daniel. Alignment, orientation, and Coulomb explosion of difluoroiodobenzene studied with the pixel imaging mass spectrometry (PImMS) camera. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4982220.
Amini, Kasra, Boll, Rebecca, Lauer, Alexandra, Burt, Michael, Lee, Jason W. L., Christensen, Lauge, Brauβe, Felix, Mullins, Terence, Savelyev, Evgeny, Ablikim, Utuq, Berrah, Nora, Bomme, Cedric, Dusterer, Stefan, Erk, Benjamin, Hoppner, Hauke, Johnsson, Per, Kierspel, Thomas, Krecinic, Faruk, Kupper, Jochen, Muller, Maria, Muller, Erland, Redlin, Harald, Rouzee, Arnaud, Schirmel, Nora, Thogersen, Jan, Techert, Simone, Toleikis, Sven, Treusch, Rolf, Trippel, Sebastian, Ulmer, Anatoli, Wiese, Joss, Vallance, Claire, Rudenko, Artem, Stapelfeldt, Henrik, Brouard, Mark, and Rolles, Daniel. Tue . "Alignment, orientation, and Coulomb explosion of difluoroiodobenzene studied with the pixel imaging mass spectrometry (PImMS) camera". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4982220. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1465986.
@article{osti_1465986,
title = {Alignment, orientation, and Coulomb explosion of difluoroiodobenzene studied with the pixel imaging mass spectrometry (PImMS) camera},
author = {Amini, Kasra and Boll, Rebecca and Lauer, Alexandra and Burt, Michael and Lee, Jason W. L. and Christensen, Lauge and Brauβe, Felix and Mullins, Terence and Savelyev, Evgeny and Ablikim, Utuq and Berrah, Nora and Bomme, Cedric and Dusterer, Stefan and Erk, Benjamin and Hoppner, Hauke and Johnsson, Per and Kierspel, Thomas and Krecinic, Faruk and Kupper, Jochen and Muller, Maria and Muller, Erland and Redlin, Harald and Rouzee, Arnaud and Schirmel, Nora and Thogersen, Jan and Techert, Simone and Toleikis, Sven and Treusch, Rolf and Trippel, Sebastian and Ulmer, Anatoli and Wiese, Joss and Vallance, Claire and Rudenko, Artem and Stapelfeldt, Henrik and Brouard, Mark and Rolles, Daniel},
abstractNote = {Laser-induced adiabatic alignment and mixed-field orientation of 2,6-difluoroiodobenzene (C6H3F2I) molecules are probed by Coulomb explosion imaging following either near-infrared strong-field ionization or extreme-ultraviolet multi-photon inner-shell ionization using free-electron laser pulses. The resulting photoelectrons and fragment ions are captured by a double-sided velocity map imaging spectrometer and projected onto two position-sensitive detectors. The ion side of the spectrometer is equipped with a pixel imaging mass spectrometry camera, a time-stamping pixelated detector that can record the hit positions and arrival times of up to four ions per pixel per acquisition cycle. Thus, the time-of-flight trace and ion momentum distributions for all fragments can be recorded simultaneously. Finally, we show that we can obtain a high degree of one-and three-dimensional alignment and mixed-field orientation and compare the Coulomb explosion process induced at both wavelengths},
doi = {10.1063/1.4982220},
journal = {Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 147,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Experimental setup showing the pulsed molecular beam with the electrostatic deflector, the laser beam paths of the alignment and probe lasers, and the double-sided velocity map imaging spectrometer used to simultaneously image the recoil velocities of both the ions and electrons from the molecule. The ions were detectedmore » with an MCP and a fast P47 phosphor screen detector coupled with a PImMS1 camera. The electrons were detected with an MCP and a P20 phosphor screen detector coupled with a commercial CCD camera but are not discussed further in this paper. Typical ion and electron images are shown on the right. A model of the 2,6-DFIB molecule is shown on the top left, with the direction of the molecule’s electric dipole moment depicted by a black arrow.« less

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Three-dimensional imaging of carbonyl sulfide and ethyl iodide photodissociation using the pixel imaging mass spectrometry camera
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UV photodissociation dynamics of iodobenzene: Effects of fluorination
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Laser-induced 3D alignment and orientation of quantum state-selected molecules
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Controlling the rotation of asymmetric top molecules by the combination of a long and a short laser pulse
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Tabletop imaging of structural evolutions in chemical reactions demonstrated for the acetylene cation
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Femtochemistry: Atomic-Scale Dynamics of the Chemical Bond Using Ultrafast Lasers (Nobel Lecture)
    journal, August 2000


    Pure Samples of Individual Conformers: The Separation of Stereoisomers of Complex Molecules Using Electric Fields
    journal, September 2009

    • Filsinger, Frank; Küpper, Jochen; Meijer, Gerard
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 48, Issue 37
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200902650

    Electron and X-Ray Methods of Ultrafast Structural Dynamics: Advances and Applications
    journal, January 2009


    Time-resolved studies with FELs
    journal, October 2015


    Large-format, high-speed, X-ray pnCCDs combined with electron and ion imaging spectrometers in a multipurpose chamber for experiments at 4th generation light sources
    journal, March 2010

    • Strüder, Lothar; Epp, Sascha; Rolles, Daniel
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 614, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.12.053

    The FLASH pump–probe laser system: Setup, characterization and optical beamlines
    journal, April 2011

    • Redlin, H.; Al-Shemmary, A.; Azima, A.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 635, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.159

    Mass-resolved two-dimensional momentum imaging of the Coulomb explosion of N2 and SO2 in an intense laser field
    journal, January 1998


    Hetero-site-specific X-ray pump-probe spectroscopy for femtosecond intramolecular dynamics
    journal, May 2016

    • Picón, A.; Lehmann, C. S.; Bostedt, C.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11652

    Femtosecond X-ray-induced explosion of C60 at extreme intensity
    journal, June 2014

    • Murphy, B. F.; Osipov, T.; Jurek, Z.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5281

    Tabletop imaging of structural evolutions in chemical reactions demonstrated for the acetylene cation
    journal, July 2014

    • Ibrahim, Heide; Wales, Benji; Beaulieu, Samuel
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5422

    Ultrafast isomerization initiated by X-ray core ionization
    journal, September 2015

    • Liekhus-Schmaltz, Chelsea E.; Tenney, Ian; Osipov, Timur
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9199

    Operation of a free-electron laser from the extreme ultraviolet to the water window
    journal, June 2007


    A compact free-electron laser for generating coherent radiation in the extreme ultraviolet region
    journal, July 2008


    First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser
    journal, August 2010


    A compact X-ray free-electron laser emitting in the sub-ångström region
    journal, June 2012


    Two-stage seeded soft-X-ray free-electron laser
    journal, October 2013


    Identification of absolute geometries of cis and trans molecular isomers by Coulomb Explosion Imaging
    journal, December 2016

    • Ablikim, Utuq; Bomme, Cédric; Xiong, Hui
    • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/srep38202

    Laser-induced 3D alignment and orientation of quantum state-selected molecules
    journal, January 2009

    • Nevo, Iftach; Holmegaard, Lotte; Nielsen, Jens H.
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 42
    • DOI: 10.1039/b910423b

    Imaging molecular structure through femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on aligned and oriented gas-phase molecules
    journal, January 2014

    • Boll, Rebecca; Rouzée, Arnaud; Adolph, Marcus
    • Faraday Discuss., Vol. 171
    • DOI: 10.1039/c4fd00037d

    Dissociation of H 2 + by Electron Impact: Calculated Angular Distribution
    journal, July 1967

    • Zare, Richard N.
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1711847

    Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion
    journal, November 2004

    • Garcia, Gustavo A.; Nahon, Laurent; Powis, Ivan
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 75, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1807578

    UV photodissociation dynamics of iodobenzene: Effects of fluorination
    journal, March 2012

    • Murdock, Daniel; Crow, Martin B.; Ritchie, Grant A. D.
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 136, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3696892

    The application of the fast, multi-hit, pixel imaging mass spectrometry sensor to spatial imaging mass spectrometry
    journal, November 2012

    • Brouard, M.; Halford, E.; Lauer, A.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4766938

    Enhanced orientation of polar molecules by combined electrostatic and nonresonant induced dipole forces
    journal, October 1999

    • Friedrich, Bretislav; Herschbach, Dudley
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.479917

    Three-dimensional imaging of carbonyl sulfide and ethyl iodide photodissociation using the pixel imaging mass spectrometry camera
    journal, October 2015

    • Amini, K.; Blake, S.; Brouard, M.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4934544

    Charge transfer in dissociating iodomethane and fluoromethane molecules ionized by intense femtosecond X-ray pulses
    journal, March 2016

    • Boll, Rebecca; Erk, Benjamin; Coffee, Ryan
    • Structural Dynamics, Vol. 3, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4944344

    Field-ionization, Coulomb explosion of diatomic molecules in intense laser fields
    journal, December 1996

    • Posthumus, J. H.; Giles, A. J.; Thompson, M. R.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 29, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/29/23/022

    Molecular photodissociation studied by VUV and soft x-ray radiation
    journal, April 2005

    • Ueda, Kiyoshi; Eland, John H. D.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/38/9/025

    Field-free molecular alignment probed by the free electron laser in Hamburg (FLASH)
    journal, June 2009

    • Johnsson, P.; Rouzée, A.; Siu, W.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 42, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/42/13/134017

    FLASH—the first soft x-ray free electron laser (FEL) user facility
    journal, September 2010


    Towards imaging of ultrafast molecular dynamics using FELs
    journal, August 2013

    • Rouzée, A.; Johnsson, P.; Rading, L.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/46/16/164029

    Probing ultrafast electronic and molecular dynamics with free-electron lasers
    journal, June 2014

    • Fang, L.; Osipov, T.; Murphy, B. F.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/47/12/124006

    Femtosecond x-ray photoelectron diffraction on gas-phase dibromobenzene molecules
    journal, June 2014


    Pixel Imaging Mass Spectrometry with fast and intelligent Pixel detectors
    journal, July 2010


    Geometry modifications and alignment of H 2 O in an intense femtosecond laser pulse
    journal, April 1999


    Controlling the rotation of asymmetric top molecules by the combination of a long and a short laser pulse
    journal, February 2009


    Multipulse Three-Dimensional Alignment of Asymmetric Top Molecules
    journal, April 2014


    Femtosecond time-resolved molecular multiphoton ionization: The Na 2 system
    journal, December 1991


    Imaging charge transfer in iodomethane upon x-ray photoabsorption
    journal, July 2014


    Coulomb Explosion Imaging of Small Molecules
    journal, April 1989


    Free-Electron Lasers: New Avenues in Molecular Physics and Photochemistry
    journal, May 2012


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.