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Title: Energy efficiency to reduce residential electricity and natural gas use under climate change

Abstract

Climate change could significantly affect consumer demand for energy in buildings, as changing temperatures may alter heating and cooling loads. Warming climates could also lead to the increased adoption and use of cooling technologies in buildings. We assess residential electricity and natural gas demand in Los Angeles, California under multiple climate change projections and investigate the potential for energy effficiency to offset increased demand. We calibrate residential energy use against metered data, accounting for differences in building materials and appliances. Under temperature increases, we find that without policy intervention, residential electricity demand could increase by as much as 41–87% between 2020 and 2060. However, aggressive policies aimed at upgrading heating/cooling systems and appliances could result in electricity use increases as low as 28%, potentially avoiding the installation of new generation capacity. We therefore recommend aggressive energy effficiency, in combination with low-carbon generation sources, to offset projected increases in residential energy demand.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge Inst. for Science and Education (ORISE), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1465483
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014664
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: May 2017; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Reyna, Janet L., and Chester, Mikhail V. Energy efficiency to reduce residential electricity and natural gas use under climate change. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms14916.
Reyna, Janet L., & Chester, Mikhail V. Energy efficiency to reduce residential electricity and natural gas use under climate change. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms14916.
Reyna, Janet L., and Chester, Mikhail V. Mon . "Energy efficiency to reduce residential electricity and natural gas use under climate change". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms14916. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1465483.
@article{osti_1465483,
title = {Energy efficiency to reduce residential electricity and natural gas use under climate change},
author = {Reyna, Janet L. and Chester, Mikhail V.},
abstractNote = {Climate change could significantly affect consumer demand for energy in buildings, as changing temperatures may alter heating and cooling loads. Warming climates could also lead to the increased adoption and use of cooling technologies in buildings. We assess residential electricity and natural gas demand in Los Angeles, California under multiple climate change projections and investigate the potential for energy effficiency to offset increased demand. We calibrate residential energy use against metered data, accounting for differences in building materials and appliances. Under temperature increases, we find that without policy intervention, residential electricity demand could increase by as much as 41–87% between 2020 and 2060. However, aggressive policies aimed at upgrading heating/cooling systems and appliances could result in electricity use increases as low as 28%, potentially avoiding the installation of new generation capacity. We therefore recommend aggressive energy effficiency, in combination with low-carbon generation sources, to offset projected increases in residential energy demand.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms14916},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = May 2017,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 20 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Amplification of future energy demand growth due to climate change
    journal, June 2019


    Amplification of future energy demand growth due to climate change
    journal, June 2019