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Title: Interpretable and Efficient Interferometric Contrast in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy with a Diffraction-Grating Beam Splitter

Abstract

Efficient imaging of biomolecules, 2D materials and electromagnetic fields depends on retrieval of the phase of transmitted electrons. We demonstrate a method to measure phase in a scanning transmission electron microscope using a nanofabricated diffraction grating to produce multiple probe beams. The measured phase is more interpretable than phase-contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy techniques without an off-axis reference wave, and the resolution could surpass that of off-axis electron holography. Here, we apply the technique to image nanoparticles, carbon sub- strates and electric fields. The contrast observed in experiments agrees well with contrast predicted in simulations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States); Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD (United States)
  5. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1465466
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1488915
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; SC0014664; SC0010466
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 6; Related Information: https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.00370?context=physics; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Harvey, Tyler R., Yasin, Fehmi S., Chess, Jordan J., Pierce, Jordan S., dos Reis, Roberto M. S., Özdöl, Vasfi Burak, Ercius, Peter, Ciston, Jim, Feng, Wenchun, Kotov, Nicholas A., McMorran, Benjamin J., and Ophus, Colin. Interpretable and Efficient Interferometric Contrast in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy with a Diffraction-Grating Beam Splitter. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.061001.
Harvey, Tyler R., Yasin, Fehmi S., Chess, Jordan J., Pierce, Jordan S., dos Reis, Roberto M. S., Özdöl, Vasfi Burak, Ercius, Peter, Ciston, Jim, Feng, Wenchun, Kotov, Nicholas A., McMorran, Benjamin J., & Ophus, Colin. Interpretable and Efficient Interferometric Contrast in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy with a Diffraction-Grating Beam Splitter. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.061001.
Harvey, Tyler R., Yasin, Fehmi S., Chess, Jordan J., Pierce, Jordan S., dos Reis, Roberto M. S., Özdöl, Vasfi Burak, Ercius, Peter, Ciston, Jim, Feng, Wenchun, Kotov, Nicholas A., McMorran, Benjamin J., and Ophus, Colin. Wed . "Interpretable and Efficient Interferometric Contrast in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy with a Diffraction-Grating Beam Splitter". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.061001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1465466.
@article{osti_1465466,
title = {Interpretable and Efficient Interferometric Contrast in Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy with a Diffraction-Grating Beam Splitter},
author = {Harvey, Tyler R. and Yasin, Fehmi S. and Chess, Jordan J. and Pierce, Jordan S. and dos Reis, Roberto M. S. and Özdöl, Vasfi Burak and Ercius, Peter and Ciston, Jim and Feng, Wenchun and Kotov, Nicholas A. and McMorran, Benjamin J. and Ophus, Colin},
abstractNote = {Efficient imaging of biomolecules, 2D materials and electromagnetic fields depends on retrieval of the phase of transmitted electrons. We demonstrate a method to measure phase in a scanning transmission electron microscope using a nanofabricated diffraction grating to produce multiple probe beams. The measured phase is more interpretable than phase-contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy techniques without an off-axis reference wave, and the resolution could surpass that of off-axis electron holography. Here, we apply the technique to image nanoparticles, carbon sub- strates and electric fields. The contrast observed in experiments agrees well with contrast predicted in simulations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.061001},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = 6,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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