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Title: Microstructural design and additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene preform and composite

Abstract

In contrast to conventional preforming techniques, additive manufacturing features direct and layer-by-layer fabrication, which provides viable new capabilities for the fabrication of reinforced composites. In this paper, we explore the microstructural design as well as additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal, short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) preforms and composite. First, an array of 3D orthogonal preforms is designed based on topological consideration and validated by fused filament fabrication of pure ABS wire; high fidelity between models and preforms is accomplished. Then, short carbon fibers are introduced into the designed 3D orthogonal preforms as reinforcement, using a short carbon fiber/ABS wire. Lastly, the compressive behavior of a 3D orthogonal, short carbon fiber/ABS preform and that of its silicone infused composite are characterized. Finally, the preform design methodology developed in this research as well as the preliminary effort made in composite fabrication and characterization demonstrates the feasibility of additive manufacturing of 3D orthogonal preform based fiber composites.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7]
  1. Donghua Univ., Shanghai (China). College of Textiles; Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. Center for Composite Materials
  2. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Materials Engineering Division
  4. Donghua Univ., Shanghai (China). College of Textiles
  5. Sungkyunkwan Univ., Suwon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Polymer Science and Engineering. Dept. of Energy Science
  6. Korea Inst. of Materials Science, Changwon (Korea, Republic of). Composites Research Center
  7. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. Center for Composite Materials
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States); Sungkyunkwan Univ., Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Korea Inst. of Materials Science, Changwon (Korea, Republic of); Donghua Univ., Shanghai (China)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) (Korea, Republic of); China Scholarship Council (CSC)
OSTI Identifier:
1465271
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-748038
Journal ID: ISSN 0266-3538; 932397
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Composites Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal ID: ISSN 0266-3538
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; short-fiber composites; textile composites; mechanical properties; additive manufacturing

Citation Formats

Quan, Zhenzhen, Larimore, Zachary, Wu, Amanda, Yu, Jianyong, Qin, Xiaohong, Mirotznik, Mark, Suhr, Jonghwan, Byun, Joon-Hyung, Oh, Youngseok, and Chou, Tsu-Wei. Microstructural design and additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene preform and composite. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.02.021.
Quan, Zhenzhen, Larimore, Zachary, Wu, Amanda, Yu, Jianyong, Qin, Xiaohong, Mirotznik, Mark, Suhr, Jonghwan, Byun, Joon-Hyung, Oh, Youngseok, & Chou, Tsu-Wei. Microstructural design and additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene preform and composite. United States. doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.02.021.
Quan, Zhenzhen, Larimore, Zachary, Wu, Amanda, Yu, Jianyong, Qin, Xiaohong, Mirotznik, Mark, Suhr, Jonghwan, Byun, Joon-Hyung, Oh, Youngseok, and Chou, Tsu-Wei. Wed . "Microstructural design and additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene preform and composite". United States. doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.02.021. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1465271.
@article{osti_1465271,
title = {Microstructural design and additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene preform and composite},
author = {Quan, Zhenzhen and Larimore, Zachary and Wu, Amanda and Yu, Jianyong and Qin, Xiaohong and Mirotznik, Mark and Suhr, Jonghwan and Byun, Joon-Hyung and Oh, Youngseok and Chou, Tsu-Wei},
abstractNote = {In contrast to conventional preforming techniques, additive manufacturing features direct and layer-by-layer fabrication, which provides viable new capabilities for the fabrication of reinforced composites. In this paper, we explore the microstructural design as well as additive manufacturing and characterization of 3D orthogonal, short carbon fiber/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) preforms and composite. First, an array of 3D orthogonal preforms is designed based on topological consideration and validated by fused filament fabrication of pure ABS wire; high fidelity between models and preforms is accomplished. Then, short carbon fibers are introduced into the designed 3D orthogonal preforms as reinforcement, using a short carbon fiber/ABS wire. Lastly, the compressive behavior of a 3D orthogonal, short carbon fiber/ABS preform and that of its silicone infused composite are characterized. Finally, the preform design methodology developed in this research as well as the preliminary effort made in composite fabrication and characterization demonstrates the feasibility of additive manufacturing of 3D orthogonal preform based fiber composites.},
doi = {10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.02.021},
journal = {Composites Science and Technology},
number = ,
volume = 126,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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