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Title: Onset of a Two-Dimensional Superconducting Phase in a Topological-Insulator–Normal-Metal Bi 1 - x Sb x / Pt Junction Fabricated by Ion-Beam Techniques

Inducing superconductivity in a topological insulator can lead to novel quantum effects. However, experimental approaches to turn a topological insulator into a superconductor are limited. We report on superconductivity in topological insulator Bi 0.91Sb 0.09 induced via focused ion-beam deposition of a Pt thin film. The superconducting phase exhibits a Berezinski-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition, demonstrative of its two-dimensional character. From the in-plane upper critical field measurements, we estimate the superconducting thickness to be ~ 17 nm for a 5.5-μm-thick sample. Our results provide evidence that the interface superconductivity could originate from the surface states of Bi 0.91Sb 0.09.
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 931609
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; 15-LW-018; 16-SI-004
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BKT transition; conductivity; impurities in superconductors; superconducting fluctuations; superconducting phase transition; topological insulators; bilayer films; low-temperature superconductors; topological superconductors
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460484