skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Solar cell efficiency tables (version 52)

ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052 Australia
  2. Research Center for Photovoltaics (RCPV), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1 Tsukuba Ibaraki 305-8568 Japan
  3. Directorate C-Energy, Transport and Climate, European Commission-Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi 2749 IT-21027 Ispra VA Italy
  4. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden CO 80401 USA
  5. Department of Characterisation and Simulation/CalLab Cells, Fraunhofer-Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstr. 2 D-79110 Freiburg Germany
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Progress in Photovoltaics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Progress in Photovoltaics Journal Volume: 26 Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1062-7995
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom

Citation Formats

Green, Martin A., Hishikawa, Yoshihiro, Dunlop, Ewan D., Levi, Dean H., Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen, and Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y. Solar cell efficiency tables (version 52). United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/pip.3040.
Green, Martin A., Hishikawa, Yoshihiro, Dunlop, Ewan D., Levi, Dean H., Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen, & Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y. Solar cell efficiency tables (version 52). United Kingdom. doi:
Green, Martin A., Hishikawa, Yoshihiro, Dunlop, Ewan D., Levi, Dean H., Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen, and Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y. Tue . "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 52)". United Kingdom. doi:
title = {Solar cell efficiency tables (version 52)},
author = {Green, Martin A. and Hishikawa, Yoshihiro and Dunlop, Ewan D. and Levi, Dean H. and Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen and Ho-Baillie, Anita W. Y.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/pip.3040},
journal = {Progress in Photovoltaics},
number = 7,
volume = 26,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {6}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 361 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The ISOS-3 inter-laboratory collaboration focused on the stability of a variety of organic photovoltaic devices
journal, January 2012

  • Tanenbaum, David M.; Hermenau, Martin; Voroshazi, Eszter
  • RSC Adv., Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1RA00686J

Triple-junction thin-film silicon solar cell fabricated on periodically textured substrate with a stabilized efficiency of 13.6%
journal, May 2015

  • Sai, Hitoshi; Matsui, Takuya; Koida, Takashi
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 21, Article No. 213902
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4921794

Proposed reference irradiance spectra for solar energy systems testing
journal, December 2002

Ageing of DSSC studied by electroluminescence and transmission imaging
journal, October 2013

  • Opara Krašovec, Urša; Bokalič, Matevž; Topič, Marko
  • Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 117
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2013.05.029

Silicon heterojunction solar cell with interdigitated back contacts for a photoconversion efficiency over 26%
journal, March 2017

Organic photovoltaic module development with inverted device structure
journal, January 2015

  • Mori, Shigehiko; Oh-oka, Haruhi; Nakao, Hideyuki
  • MRS Proceedings, Vol. 1737
  • DOI: 10.1557/opl.2015.540

New module design with 4-junction solar cells for high efficiencies
conference, January 2015

  • van Riesen, Sascha; Neubauer, Martin; Boos, Alexander
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4931553

Improved conversion efficiencies of thin-film silicon tandem (MICROMORPH™) photovoltaic modules
journal, January 2016

19.8% efficient “honeycomb” textured multicrystalline and 24.4% monocrystalline silicon solar cells
journal, October 1998

  • Zhao, Jianhua; Wang, Aihua; Green, Martin A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 73, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.122345

High-performance photovoltaic perovskite layers fabricated through intramolecular exchange
journal, May 2015

n-Type Si solar cells with passivating electron contact: Identifying sources for efficiency limitations by wafer thickness and resistivity variation
journal, December 2017

A luminescent solar concentrator with 7.1% power conversion efficiency
journal, December 2008

  • Slooff, L. H.; Bende, E. E.; Burgers, A. R.
  • physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssr.200802186

27.6% Conversion efficiency, a new record for single-junction solar cells under 1 sun illumination
conference, June 2011

  • Kayes, Brendan M.; Nie, Hui; Twist, Rose
  • 2011 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC)
  • DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.2011.6185831

18.2% (AM1.5) efficient GaAs solar cell on optical-grade polycrystalline Ge substrate
conference, January 1996

  • Venkatasubramanian, R.; O'Quinn, B. C.; Hills, J. S.
  • Conference Record of the Twenty Fifth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 1996
  • DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.1996.563940

Application of InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs triple junction solar cells to space use and concentrator photovoltaic
conference, June 2014

  • Takamoto, Tatsuya; Washio, Hidetoshi; Juso, Hiroyuki
  • 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
  • DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.2014.6924936

35.8% space and 38.8% terrestrial 5J direct bonded cells
conference, June 2014

  • Chiu, P. T.; Law, D. C.; Woo, R. L.
  • 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
  • DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.2014.6924957

High efficiency and large volume production of CIS-based modules
conference, June 2014

  • Sugimoto, Hiroki
  • 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC)
  • DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.2014.6925503

Raising the one-sun conversion efficiency of III–V/Si solar cells to 32.8% for two junctions and 35.9% for three junctions
journal, August 2017

Laser contact openings for local poly-Si-metal contacts enabling 26.1%-efficient POLO-IBC solar cells
journal, November 2018

Large area, concentrator buried contact solar cells
journal, January 1995

  • Fuzu Zhang, ; Wenham, S.; Green, M. A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 42, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/16.370024

40% efficient sunlight to electricity conversion: Sunlight to electricity conversion efficiency above 40%
journal, March 2015

  • Green, Martin A.; Keevers, Mark J.; Thomas, Ian
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 23, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.2612

Solar cell efficiency tables (version 33)
journal, January 2009

  • Green, Martin A.; Emery, Keith; Hishikawa, Yoshihiro
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 17, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.880

Over 9% Efficient Kesterite Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 Solar Cell Fabricated by Using Zn 1- x Cd x S Buffer Layer
journal, April 2016

  • Sun, Kaiwen; Yan, Chang; Liu, Fangyang
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201600046

High-efficiency microcrystalline silicon solar cells on honeycomb textured substrates grown with high-rate VHF plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition
journal, July 2015

  • Sai, Hitoshi; Maejima, Keigo; Matsui, Takuya
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 54, Issue 8S1
  • DOI: 10.7567/JJAP.54.08KB05

R&D roadmap for PV
journal, March 2004

High-efficiency amorphous silicon solar cells: Impact of deposition rate on metastability
journal, February 2015

  • Matsui, Takuya; Bidiville, Adrien; Maejima, Keigou
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4907001

Degradation observations of encapsulated planar CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 perovskite solar cells at high temperatures and humidity
journal, January 2015

  • Han, Yu; Meyer, Steffen; Dkhissi, Yasmina
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA00358J

A 21.5% efficient Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film concentrator solar cell
journal, January 2002

  • Ward, J. S.; Ramanathan, K.; Hasoon, F. S.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.424

Solar cell efficiency tables (version 51)
journal, December 2017

  • Green, Martin A.; Hishikawa, Yoshihiro; Dunlop, Ewan D.
  • Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 26, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/pip.2978

Make perovskite solar cells stable
journal, April 2017

  • Yang, Yang; You, Jingbi
  • Nature, Vol. 544, Issue 7649
  • DOI: 10.1038/544155a

New module efficiency record: 23.5% under 1-sun illumination using thin-film single-junction GaAs solar cells
conference, June 2012

  • Mattos, Laila S.; Scully, Shawn R.; Syfu, Maria
  • 2012 IEEE 38th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2012 38th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
  • DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.2012.6318255

High-Efficiency n-Type HP mc Silicon Solar Cells
journal, September 2017

High-efficiency inverted metamorphic 1.7/1.1 eV GaInAsP/GaInAs dual-junction solar cells
journal, January 2018

  • Jain, Nikhil; Schulte, Kevin L.; Geisz, John F.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 112, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5008517