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Title: An all-dielectric metasurface as a broadband optical frequency mixer

Abstract

A frequency mixer is a nonlinear device that combines electromagnetic waves to create waves at new frequencies. Mixers are ubiquitous components in modern radio-frequency technology and microwave signal processing. The development of versatile frequency mixers for optical frequencies remains challenging: such devices generally rely on weak nonlinear optical processes and, thus, must satisfy phase-matching conditions. Here we utilize a GaAs-based dielectric metasurface to demonstrate an optical frequency mixer that concurrently generates eleven new frequencies spanning the ultraviolet to near-infrared. The even and odd order nonlinearities of GaAs enable our observation of second-harmonic, third-harmonic, and fourth-harmonic generation, sum-frequency generation, two-photon absorption-induced photoluminescence, four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing. The simultaneous occurrence of these seven nonlinear processes is assisted by the combined effects of strong intrinsic material nonlinearities, enhanced electromagnetic fields, and relaxed phase-matching requirements. In conclusion, such ultracompact optical mixers may enable a plethora of applications in biology, chemistry, sensing, communications, and quantum optics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Friedrich Schiller Univ., Jena (Germany). Inst. of Applied Physics, Abbe Center of Photonics
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1464190
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-7466J
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; 665684
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Liu, Sheng, Vabishchevich, Polina P., Vaskin, Aleksandr, Reno, John L., Keeler, Gordon A., Sinclair, Michael B., Staude, Isabelle, and Brener, Igal. An all-dielectric metasurface as a broadband optical frequency mixer. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04944-9.
Liu, Sheng, Vabishchevich, Polina P., Vaskin, Aleksandr, Reno, John L., Keeler, Gordon A., Sinclair, Michael B., Staude, Isabelle, & Brener, Igal. An all-dielectric metasurface as a broadband optical frequency mixer. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04944-9
Liu, Sheng, Vabishchevich, Polina P., Vaskin, Aleksandr, Reno, John L., Keeler, Gordon A., Sinclair, Michael B., Staude, Isabelle, and Brener, Igal. Thu . "An all-dielectric metasurface as a broadband optical frequency mixer". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04944-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1464190.
@article{osti_1464190,
title = {An all-dielectric metasurface as a broadband optical frequency mixer},
author = {Liu, Sheng and Vabishchevich, Polina P. and Vaskin, Aleksandr and Reno, John L. and Keeler, Gordon A. and Sinclair, Michael B. and Staude, Isabelle and Brener, Igal},
abstractNote = {A frequency mixer is a nonlinear device that combines electromagnetic waves to create waves at new frequencies. Mixers are ubiquitous components in modern radio-frequency technology and microwave signal processing. The development of versatile frequency mixers for optical frequencies remains challenging: such devices generally rely on weak nonlinear optical processes and, thus, must satisfy phase-matching conditions. Here we utilize a GaAs-based dielectric metasurface to demonstrate an optical frequency mixer that concurrently generates eleven new frequencies spanning the ultraviolet to near-infrared. The even and odd order nonlinearities of GaAs enable our observation of second-harmonic, third-harmonic, and fourth-harmonic generation, sum-frequency generation, two-photon absorption-induced photoluminescence, four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing. The simultaneous occurrence of these seven nonlinear processes is assisted by the combined effects of strong intrinsic material nonlinearities, enhanced electromagnetic fields, and relaxed phase-matching requirements. In conclusion, such ultracompact optical mixers may enable a plethora of applications in biology, chemistry, sensing, communications, and quantum optics.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-04944-9},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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