skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Strain engineering of the silicon-vacancy center in diamond

Abstract

We control the electronic structure of the silicon-vacancy (SiV) color-center in diamond by changing its static strain environment with a nano-electro-mechanical system. This allows deterministic and local tuning of SiV optical and spin transition frequencies over a wide range, an essential step towards multiqubit networks. In the process, we infer the strain Hamiltonian of the SiV revealing large strain susceptibilities of order 1 PHz/strain for the electronic orbital states. Here, we identify regimes where the spin-orbit interaction results in a large strain susceptibility of order 100 THz/strain for spin transitions, and propose an experiment where the SiV spin is strongly coupled to a nanomechanical resonator.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [4];  [2];  [1]
  1. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  2. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Cavendish Lab.
  3. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics; California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Inst. for Quantum Information and Matter and Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Lab. of Applied Physics
  4. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  5. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1464186
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1439377
Report Number(s):
SAND-2018-0438J
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; 659973; TRN: US1902373
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; DMR-1231319; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Meesala, Srujan, Sohn, Young-Ik, Pingault, Benjamin, Shao, Linbo, Atikian, Haig A., Holzgrafe, Jeffrey, Gündoğan, Mustafa, Stavrakas, Camille, Sipahigil, Alp, Chia, Cleaven, Evans, Ruffin, Burek, Michael J., Zhang, Mian, Wu, Lue, Pacheco, Jose L., Abraham, John, Bielejec, Edward, Lukin, Mikhail D., Atatüre, Mete, and Lončar, Marko. Strain engineering of the silicon-vacancy center in diamond. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.205444.
Meesala, Srujan, Sohn, Young-Ik, Pingault, Benjamin, Shao, Linbo, Atikian, Haig A., Holzgrafe, Jeffrey, Gündoğan, Mustafa, Stavrakas, Camille, Sipahigil, Alp, Chia, Cleaven, Evans, Ruffin, Burek, Michael J., Zhang, Mian, Wu, Lue, Pacheco, Jose L., Abraham, John, Bielejec, Edward, Lukin, Mikhail D., Atatüre, Mete, & Lončar, Marko. Strain engineering of the silicon-vacancy center in diamond. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.205444.
Meesala, Srujan, Sohn, Young-Ik, Pingault, Benjamin, Shao, Linbo, Atikian, Haig A., Holzgrafe, Jeffrey, Gündoğan, Mustafa, Stavrakas, Camille, Sipahigil, Alp, Chia, Cleaven, Evans, Ruffin, Burek, Michael J., Zhang, Mian, Wu, Lue, Pacheco, Jose L., Abraham, John, Bielejec, Edward, Lukin, Mikhail D., Atatüre, Mete, and Lončar, Marko. Tue . "Strain engineering of the silicon-vacancy center in diamond". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.205444. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1464186.
@article{osti_1464186,
title = {Strain engineering of the silicon-vacancy center in diamond},
author = {Meesala, Srujan and Sohn, Young-Ik and Pingault, Benjamin and Shao, Linbo and Atikian, Haig A. and Holzgrafe, Jeffrey and Gündoğan, Mustafa and Stavrakas, Camille and Sipahigil, Alp and Chia, Cleaven and Evans, Ruffin and Burek, Michael J. and Zhang, Mian and Wu, Lue and Pacheco, Jose L. and Abraham, John and Bielejec, Edward and Lukin, Mikhail D. and Atatüre, Mete and Lončar, Marko},
abstractNote = {We control the electronic structure of the silicon-vacancy (SiV) color-center in diamond by changing its static strain environment with a nano-electro-mechanical system. This allows deterministic and local tuning of SiV optical and spin transition frequencies over a wide range, an essential step towards multiqubit networks. In the process, we infer the strain Hamiltonian of the SiV revealing large strain susceptibilities of order 1 PHz/strain for the electronic orbital states. Here, we identify regimes where the spin-orbit interaction results in a large strain susceptibility of order 100 THz/strain for spin transitions, and propose an experiment where the SiV spin is strongly coupled to a nanomechanical resonator.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.97.205444},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 20,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 13 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Enhanced Strain Coupling of Nitrogen-Vacancy Spins to Nanoscale Diamond Cantilevers
journal, March 2016


Controlling the coherence of a diamond spin qubit through its strain environment
journal, May 2018


Topical review: spins and mechanics in diamond
journal, February 2017


An integrated diamond nanophotonics platform for quantum-optical networks
journal, October 2016


Narrow-Linewidth Homogeneous Optical Emitters in Diamond Nanostructures via Silicon Ion Implantation
journal, April 2016


Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield
journal, August 2012

  • Chan, Jasper; Safavi-Naeini, Amir H.; Hill, Jeff T.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 101, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4747726

Optical signatures of silicon-vacancy spins in diamond
journal, February 2014

  • Müller, Tina; Hepp, Christian; Pingault, Benjamin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4328

Indistinguishable Photons from Separated Silicon-Vacancy Centers in Diamond
journal, September 2014


Strongly Cavity-Enhanced Spontaneous Emission from Silicon-Vacancy Centers in Diamond
journal, January 2018


Experimental demonstration of a robust, high-fidelity geometric two ion-qubit phase gate
journal, March 2003


Silicon-Vacancy Spin Qubit in Diamond: A Quantum Memory Exceeding 10 ms with Single-Shot State Readout
journal, November 2017


Ab initio study of the split silicon-vacancy defect in diamond: Electronic structure and related properties
journal, December 2013


Coherent Sensing of a Mechanical Resonator with a Single-Spin Qubit
journal, February 2012

  • Kolkowitz, S.; Bleszynski Jayich, A. C.; Unterreithmeier, Q. P.
  • Science, Vol. 335, Issue 6076
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1216821

1.681-eV luminescence center in chemical-vapor-deposited homoepitaxial diamond films
journal, November 1994


Quantum Computation with Ions in Thermal Motion
journal, March 1999


Scalable focused ion beam creation of nearly lifetime-limited single quantum emitters in diamond nanostructures
journal, May 2017

  • Schröder, Tim; Trusheim, Matthew E.; Walsh, Michael
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15376

Dynamic Stabilization of the Optical Resonances of Single Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond
journal, May 2012


Quantum Computations with Cold Trapped Ions
journal, May 1995


Coherent control of a nitrogen-vacancy center spin ensemble with a diamond mechanical resonator
journal, January 2015


Coherent control of the silicon-vacancy spin in diamond
journal, May 2017

  • Pingault, Benjamin; Jarausch, David-Dominik; Hepp, Christian
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15579

Uniaxial stress splitting of doubly degenerate states of tetragonal and trigonal centres in cubic crystals
journal, March 1967


Optomechanical Quantum Control of a Nitrogen-Vacancy Center in Diamond
journal, April 2016


Strain Coupling of a Mechanical Resonator to a Single Quantum Emitter in Diamond
journal, September 2016


All-Optical Control of the Silicon-Vacancy Spin in Diamond at Millikelvin Temperatures
journal, January 2018


Coupling a Surface Acoustic Wave to an Electron Spin in Diamond via a Dark State
journal, December 2016


Hybrid quantum devices and quantum engineering
journal, December 2009


Strain Coupling of a Nitrogen-Vacancy Center Spin to a Diamond Mechanical Oscillator
journal, July 2014


Phase-Tuned Entangled State Generation between Distant Spin Qubits
journal, July 2017


All-Optical Initialization, Readout, and Coherent Preparation of Single Silicon-Vacancy Spins in Diamond
journal, December 2014


Heralded entanglement between solid-state qubits separated by three metres
journal, April 2013


Electron–phonon processes of the silicon-vacancy centre in diamond
journal, April 2015


Continuous dynamical decoupling of a single diamond nitrogen-vacancy center spin with a mechanical resonator
journal, December 2015


All-Optical Formation of Coherent Dark States of Silicon-Vacancy Spins in Diamond
journal, December 2014


A quantum spin transducer based on nanoelectromechanical resonator arrays
journal, May 2010

  • Rabl, P.; Kolkowitz, S. J.; Koppens, F. H. L.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1679

Electronic structure of the negatively charged silicon-vacancy center in diamond
journal, June 2014


Non-classical correlations between single photons and phonons from a mechanical oscillator
journal, January 2016

  • Riedinger, Ralf; Hong, Sungkun; Norte, Richard A.
  • Nature, Vol. 530, Issue 7590
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16536

Strong mechanical driving of a single electron spin
journal, August 2015

  • Barfuss, A.; Teissier, J.; Neu, E.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3411

Freestanding nanostructures via reactive ion beam angled etching
journal, May 2017

  • Atikian, Haig A.; Latawiec, Pawel; Burek, Michael J.
  • APL Photonics, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4982603

Free-Standing Mechanical and Photonic Nanostructures in Single-Crystal Diamond
journal, February 2012

  • Burek, Michael J.; de Leon, Nathalie P.; Shields, Brendan J.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 12, p. 6084-6089
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl302541e

Quantum ground state and single-phonon control of a mechanical resonator
journal, March 2010

  • O’Connell, A. D.; Hofheinz, M.; Ansmann, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 464, Issue 7289
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08967

A single nitrogen-vacancy defect coupled to a nanomechanical oscillator
journal, September 2011

  • Arcizet, O.; Jacques, V.; Siria, A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2070

Universal Quantum Transducers Based on Surface Acoustic Waves
journal, September 2015


Properties of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond: the group theoretic approach
journal, February 2011


High quality-factor optical nanocavities in bulk single-crystal diamond
journal, December 2014

  • Burek, Michael J.; Chu, Yiwen; Liddy, Madelaine S. Z.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6718

Dynamic strain-mediated coupling of a single diamond spin to a mechanical resonator
journal, July 2014

  • Ovartchaiyapong, Preeti; Lee, Kenneth W.; Myers, Bryan A.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5429

Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry of single phonons from an optomechanical resonator
journal, September 2017


Generation of heralded entanglement between distant hole spins
journal, December 2015

  • Delteil, Aymeric; Sun, Zhe; Gao, Wei-bo
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3605

Fiber-Coupled Diamond Quantum Nanophotonic Interface
journal, August 2017


Diamond optomechanical crystals
journal, January 2016


Quantum Nonlinear Optics with a Germanium-Vacancy Color Center in a Nanoscale Diamond Waveguide
journal, May 2017


Nanomechanical Sensing Using Spins in Diamond
journal, February 2017


Optical Studies of the 1.945 eV Vibronic Band in Diamond
journal, February 1976

  • Davies, G.; Hamer, M. F.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 348, Issue 1653
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1976.0039

The quantum internet
journal, June 2008


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Spectral Alignment of Single-Photon Emitters in Diamond using Strain Gradient
    journal, August 2018


    Simulation of topological phases with color center arrays in phononic crystals
    journal, February 2020