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Title: A CO 2 laser heating system for in situ high pressure-temperature experiments at HPCAT

Abstract

We present a CO 2 laser heating setup for synchrotron x-ray diffraction inside a diamond anvil cell, situated at HPCAT (Sector 16, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Lab, Illinois, USA), which is modular and portable between the HPCAT experiment hutches. Specifically, the system allows direct laser heating of wide bandgap insulating materials to thousands of degrees at static high pressures up to the Mbar regime. Alignment of the focused CO 2 laser spot is performed using a mid-infrared microscope, which addressed past difficulties with aligning the invisible radiation. The implementation of the mid-infrared microscope alongside a mirror pinhole spatial filter system allows precise alignment of the heating laser spot and optical pyrometry measurement location to the x-ray probe. A comparatively large heating spot (~50 μm) relative to the x-ray beam (<10 μm) reduces the risk of temperature gradients across the probed area. Each component of the heating system and its diagnostics have been designed with portability in mind and compatibility with the various experimental hutches at the HPCAT beamlines. We present measurements on ZrO 2 at 5.5 GPa which demonstrate the improved room-temperature diffraction data quality afforded by annealing with the CO 2 laser. We also present in situ measurementsmore » at 5.5 GPa up to 2800 K in which we do not observe the postulated fluorite ZrO 2 structure, in agreement with recent findings.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). HiPSEC & Physics Dept.
  2. Carnegie Inst. of Science, Argonne, IL (United States). High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HPCAT), Geophysical Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1463723
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1462453
Grant/Contract Number:  
[NA0001982; FG02-99ER45775; NA0001974; AC02-06CH11357]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 8]; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Smith, Dean, Smith, Jesse S., Childs, Christian, Rod, Eric, Hrubiak, Rostislav, Shen, Guoyin, and Salamat, Ashkan. A CO2 laser heating system for in situ high pressure-temperature experiments at HPCAT. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5040508.
Smith, Dean, Smith, Jesse S., Childs, Christian, Rod, Eric, Hrubiak, Rostislav, Shen, Guoyin, & Salamat, Ashkan. A CO2 laser heating system for in situ high pressure-temperature experiments at HPCAT. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5040508.
Smith, Dean, Smith, Jesse S., Childs, Christian, Rod, Eric, Hrubiak, Rostislav, Shen, Guoyin, and Salamat, Ashkan. Wed . "A CO2 laser heating system for in situ high pressure-temperature experiments at HPCAT". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5040508. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1463723.
@article{osti_1463723,
title = {A CO2 laser heating system for in situ high pressure-temperature experiments at HPCAT},
author = {Smith, Dean and Smith, Jesse S. and Childs, Christian and Rod, Eric and Hrubiak, Rostislav and Shen, Guoyin and Salamat, Ashkan},
abstractNote = {We present a CO2 laser heating setup for synchrotron x-ray diffraction inside a diamond anvil cell, situated at HPCAT (Sector 16, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Lab, Illinois, USA), which is modular and portable between the HPCAT experiment hutches. Specifically, the system allows direct laser heating of wide bandgap insulating materials to thousands of degrees at static high pressures up to the Mbar regime. Alignment of the focused CO2 laser spot is performed using a mid-infrared microscope, which addressed past difficulties with aligning the invisible radiation. The implementation of the mid-infrared microscope alongside a mirror pinhole spatial filter system allows precise alignment of the heating laser spot and optical pyrometry measurement location to the x-ray probe. A comparatively large heating spot (~50 μm) relative to the x-ray beam (<10 μm) reduces the risk of temperature gradients across the probed area. Each component of the heating system and its diagnostics have been designed with portability in mind and compatibility with the various experimental hutches at the HPCAT beamlines. We present measurements on ZrO2 at 5.5 GPa which demonstrate the improved room-temperature diffraction data quality afforded by annealing with the CO2 laser. We also present in situ measurements at 5.5 GPa up to 2800 K in which we do not observe the postulated fluorite ZrO2 structure, in agreement with recent findings.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5040508},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = [8],
volume = [89],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Probing disorder in high-pressure cubic tin (IV) oxide: a combined X-ray diffraction and absorption study
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