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Title: Effect of Permeability Heterogeneity on Area of Review

The Area of Review is one of the most important aspects of a geologic CO 2 storage site permit application and regulatory requirement. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has implemented an Area of Review (AoR) requirement for Class VI CO 2 injection wells for geologic sequestration. Reservoir permeability is one of the most important parameters controlling AoR evolution but is generally highly heterogeneous and difficult to constrain. We have used a numerical model for Rock Springs Uplift in Wyoming as an example site to characterize how the heterogeneity in reservoir permeability affects AoR. We have performed multiple reservoir simulations using multiple, equally-likely realizations of heterogeneous permeability. We considered multiple CO 2 injection scenarios with varying injection rates as well as varying injection and post-site durations. Results of our study demonstrate that uncertainty in permeability heterogeneity can significantly influence AoR for both CO 2 saturation and pressure. In our example, the CO 2 AoR varied by as much as 2-3 times while the pressure AoR varied over 1.5 – 2 times. Lastly, such type of variability can have significant implications in defining AoR for site permit applications.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Auckland, Auckland (New Zealand)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1876-6102
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy Procedia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1876-6102
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE), Clean Coal and Carbon (FE-20)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES; Earth Sciences; Area of Review; AOR; Permeability; Heterogeneity
OSTI Identifier: