skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Van Allen Probes observation of plasmaspheric hiss modulated by injected energetic electrons

Abstract

Plasmaspheric hiss was observed by Van Allen Probe B in association with energetic electron injections in the outer plasmasphere. The energy of injected electrons coincides with the minimum resonant energy calculated for the observed hiss wave frequency. Interestingly, the variations in hiss wave intensity, electron flux and ultra low frequency (ULF) wave intensity exhibit remarkable correlations, while plasma density is not correlated with any of these parameters. Our study provides direct evidence for the first time that the injected anisotropic electron population, which is modulated by ULF waves, modulates the hiss intensity in the outer plasmasphere. This also implies that the plasmaspheric hiss observed by Van Allen Probe B in the outer plasmasphere ( L > ~5.5) is locally amplified. Meanwhile, Van Allen Probe A observed hiss emission at lower L shells ( < 5), which was not associated with electron injections but primarily modulated by the plasma density. The features observed by Van Allen Probe A suggest that the observed hiss deep inside the plasmasphere may have propagated from higher L shells.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [3];  [3];  [7];  [7]
  1. Boston Univ., MA (United States)
  2. Boston Univ., MA (United States); Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  3. The Aerospace Corp., El Segundo, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  5. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  7. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1463509
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-25090
Journal ID: ISSN 1432-0576
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Annales Geophysicae (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Annales Geophysicae (Online); Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1432-0576
Publisher:
European Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Heliospheric and Magnetospheric Physics

Citation Formats

Shi, Run, Li, Wen, Ma, Qianli, Claudepierre, Seth G., Kletzing, Craig A., Kurth, William S., Hospodarsky, George B., Spence, Harlan E., Reeves, Geoff D., Fennell, Joseph F., Blake, J. Bernard, Thaller, Scott A., and Wygant, John R. Van Allen Probes observation of plasmaspheric hiss modulated by injected energetic electrons. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.5194/angeo-36-781-2018.
Shi, Run, Li, Wen, Ma, Qianli, Claudepierre, Seth G., Kletzing, Craig A., Kurth, William S., Hospodarsky, George B., Spence, Harlan E., Reeves, Geoff D., Fennell, Joseph F., Blake, J. Bernard, Thaller, Scott A., & Wygant, John R. Van Allen Probes observation of plasmaspheric hiss modulated by injected energetic electrons. United States. doi:10.5194/angeo-36-781-2018.
Shi, Run, Li, Wen, Ma, Qianli, Claudepierre, Seth G., Kletzing, Craig A., Kurth, William S., Hospodarsky, George B., Spence, Harlan E., Reeves, Geoff D., Fennell, Joseph F., Blake, J. Bernard, Thaller, Scott A., and Wygant, John R. Wed . "Van Allen Probes observation of plasmaspheric hiss modulated by injected energetic electrons". United States. doi:10.5194/angeo-36-781-2018. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1463509.
@article{osti_1463509,
title = {Van Allen Probes observation of plasmaspheric hiss modulated by injected energetic electrons},
author = {Shi, Run and Li, Wen and Ma, Qianli and Claudepierre, Seth G. and Kletzing, Craig A. and Kurth, William S. and Hospodarsky, George B. and Spence, Harlan E. and Reeves, Geoff D. and Fennell, Joseph F. and Blake, J. Bernard and Thaller, Scott A. and Wygant, John R.},
abstractNote = {Plasmaspheric hiss was observed by Van Allen Probe B in association with energetic electron injections in the outer plasmasphere. The energy of injected electrons coincides with the minimum resonant energy calculated for the observed hiss wave frequency. Interestingly, the variations in hiss wave intensity, electron flux and ultra low frequency (ULF) wave intensity exhibit remarkable correlations, while plasma density is not correlated with any of these parameters. Our study provides direct evidence for the first time that the injected anisotropic electron population, which is modulated by ULF waves, modulates the hiss intensity in the outer plasmasphere. This also implies that the plasmaspheric hiss observed by Van Allen Probe B in the outer plasmasphere (L > ~5.5) is locally amplified. Meanwhile, Van Allen Probe A observed hiss emission at lower L shells ( < 5), which was not associated with electron injections but primarily modulated by the plasma density. The features observed by Van Allen Probe A suggest that the observed hiss deep inside the plasmasphere may have propagated from higher L shells.},
doi = {10.5194/angeo-36-781-2018},
journal = {Annales Geophysicae (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Electron densities inferred from plasma wave spectra obtained by the Waves instrument on Van Allen Probes: Van Allen Probes Electron Densities
journal, February 2015

  • Kurth, W. S.; De Pascuale, S.; Faden, J. B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020857

Global statistical evidence for chorus as the embryonic source of plasmaspheric hiss: SOURCE OF PLASMASPHERIC HISS
journal, June 2013

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Bortnik, Jacob
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50593

The Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) Instruments Aboard the Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) Spacecraft
journal, June 2013

  • Blake, J. B.; Carranza, P. A.; Claudepierre, S. G.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 179, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-013-9991-8

The Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) on RBSP
journal, June 2013


Limit on stably trapped particle fluxes
journal, January 1966


Van Allen Probes observation of localized drift resonance between poloidal mode ultra-low frequency waves and 60 keV electrons: ULF DRIFT RESONANCE
journal, September 2013

  • Claudepierre, S. G.; Mann, I. R.; Takahashi, K.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50901

Proton ring current pitch angle distributions: Comparison of simulations with CRRES observations
journal, August 1999

  • Chen, Margaret W.; Roeder, James L.; Fennell, Joseph F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 104, Issue A8
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JA900142

Pitch-angle diffusion of radiation belt electrons within the plasmasphere
journal, July 1972

  • Lyons, Lawrence R.; Thorne, Richard Mansergh; Kennel, Charles F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 77, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA077i019p03455

Electron scattering by whistler-mode ELF hiss in plasmaspheric plumes: ELECTRON SCATTERING IN PLUMES
journal, April 2008

  • Summers, Danny; Ni, Binbin; Meredith, Nigel P.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 113, Issue A4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012678

Modeling the properties of plasmaspheric hiss: 2. Dependence on the plasma density distribution: HISS SPECTRUM MODELING, 2
journal, May 2012

  • Chen, Lunjin; Bortnik, Jacob; Li, Wen
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 117, Issue A5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017202

Generation of unusually low frequency plasmaspheric hiss: CHEN ET AL.
journal, August 2014

  • Chen, Lunjin; Thorne, Richard M.; Bortnik, Jacob
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060628

Equilibrium structure of radiation belt electrons
journal, May 1973

  • Lyons, Lawrence R.; Thorne, Richard Mansergh
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA078i013p02142

Systematic Evaluation of Low‐Frequency Hiss and Energetic Electron Injections
journal, October 2017

  • Shi, Run; Li, Wen; Ma, Qianli
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 122, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024571

A theoretical study of plasmaspheric hiss generation
journal, January 1983

  • Huang, C. Y.; Goertz, C. K.; Anderson, R. R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 88, Issue A10
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA088iA10p07927

Charged particle behavior in localized ultralow frequency waves: Theory and observations: PARTICLE RESPONSE TO LOCALIZED ULF WAVES
journal, June 2017

  • Li, Li; Zhou, Xu-Zhi; Zong, Qiu-Gang
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073392

On the origin of whistler mode radiation in the plasmasphere
journal, January 2005


Relativistic electron loss timescales in the slot region: SLOT REGION LOSS TIMESCALES
journal, March 2009

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Glauert, Sarah A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 114, Issue A3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013889

Global-scale coherence modulation of radiation-belt electron loss from plasmaspheric hiss
journal, June 2015

  • Breneman, A. W.; Halford, A.; Millan, R.
  • Nature, Vol. 523, Issue 7559
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14515

Characteristic energy range of electron scattering due to plasmaspheric hiss: Electron Scattering by Hiss Waves
journal, December 2016

  • Ma, Q.; Li, W.; Thorne, R. M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023311

An Observation Linking the Origin of Plasmaspheric Hiss to Discrete Chorus Emissions
journal, May 2009


Excitation of poloidal standing Alfvén waves through drift resonance wave-particle interaction: POLOIDAL ULF WAVES AND DRIFT RESONANCE
journal, August 2013

  • Dai, Lei; Takahashi, Kazue; Wygant, John R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50800

Energetic electron response to ULF waves induced by interplanetary shocks in the outer radiation belt: ELECTRON RESPONSE TO SHOCK-INDUCED ULF WAVES
journal, October 2009

  • Zong, Q. -G.; Zhou, X. -Z.; Wang, Y. F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 114, Issue A10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014393

Origins of plasmaspheric hiss
journal, January 2006

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Clilverd, Mark A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011707

The Electric Field and Waves Instruments on the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
journal, October 2013


Modeling the properties of plasmaspheric hiss: 1. Dependence on chorus wave emission: HISS SPECTRUM MODELING, 1
journal, May 2012

  • Chen, Lunjin; Bortnik, Jacob; Li, Wen
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 117, Issue A5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017201

Substorm dependence of chorus amplitudes: Implications for the acceleration of electrons to relativistic energies
journal, July 2001

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Anderson, Roger R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 106, Issue A7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JA900156

Slot region electron loss timescales due to plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers: SLOT REGION ELECTRON LOSS TIMESCALES
journal, August 2007

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Glauert, Sarah A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 112, Issue A8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012413

The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions
journal, March 2008

  • Bortnik, Jacob; Thorne, Richard M.; Meredith, Nigel P.
  • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7183
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06741

Correlated Pc4-5 ULF waves, whistler-mode chorus, and pulsating aurora observed by the Van Allen Probes and ground-based systems: PA, PC4-5, AND CHORUS CORRELATION
journal, October 2015

  • Jaynes, A. N.; Lessard, M. R.; Takahashi, K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021380

Modulation of whistler mode chorus waves: 1. Role of compressional Pc4-5 pulsations: CHORUS MODULATION BY Pc4-5 PULSATIONS
journal, June 2011

  • Li, W.; Thorne, R. M.; Bortnik, J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 116, Issue A6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016312

Evaluation of quasi-linear diffusion coefficients for whistler mode waves in a plasma with arbitrary density ratio
journal, January 2005


On the origin of plasmaspheric hiss: Ray path integrated amplification
journal, January 1983


VLF emissions associated with enhanced magnetospheric electrons
journal, January 1977


On the origin of plasmaspheric hiss: The importance of wave propagation and the plasmapause
journal, January 1979

  • Thorne, R. M.; Church, S. R.; Gorney, D. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 84, Issue A9
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA084iA09p05241

Charged particle behavior in the growth and damping stages of ultralow frequency waves: Theory and Van Allen Probes observations: GENERALIZED DRIFT RESONANCE THEORY
journal, April 2016

  • Zhou, Xu-Zhi; Wang, Zi-Han; Zong, Qiu-Gang
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JA022447

Charged particle behavior in low-frequency geomagnetic pulsations 1. Transverse waves
journal, January 1981

  • Southwood, David J.; Kivelson, Margaret G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 86, Issue A7
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA086iA07p05643

Limit on stably trapped particle fluxes in planetary magnetospheres: LIMIT ON STABLY TRAPPED PARTICLE FLUXES
journal, October 2009

  • Summers, Danny; Tang, Rongxin; Thorne, Richard M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 114, Issue A10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014428

Imprints of impulse-excited hydromagnetic waves on electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts: ULF WAVE IMPRINTS ON ELECTRONS
journal, August 2015

  • Zhou, Xu-Zhi; Wang, Zi-Han; Zong, Qiu-Gang
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064988

Plasmaspheric hiss
journal, April 1973

  • Thorne, Richard M.; Smith, Edward J.; Burton, Rande K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA078i010p01581

Evaluation of whistler-mode chorus intensification on the nightside during an injection event observed on the THEMIS spacecraft: WHISTLER-MODE CHORUS INTENSIFICATION
journal, January 2009

  • Li, W.; Thorne, R. M.; Angelopoulos, V.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 114, Issue A1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013554

Resonant scattering and resultant pitch angle evolution of relativistic electrons by plasmaspheric hiss: RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON SCATTERING BY HISS
journal, December 2013

  • Ni, Binbin; Bortnik, Jacob; Thorne, Richard M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019260

The relations between magnetospheric chorus and hiss inside and outside the plasmasphere boundary layer: Cluster observation: OBSERVATION OF CHORUS AND HISS
journal, July 2011

  • Wang, Chengrui; Zong, Qiugang; Xiao, Fuliang
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 116, Issue A7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016240

Interactions of energetic electrons with ULF waves triggered by interplanetary shock: Van Allen Probes observations in the magnetotail
journal, October 2014

  • Hao, Y. X.; Zong, Q. -G.; Wang, Y. F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020023

Resonant scattering of energetic electrons by unusual low-frequency hiss
journal, March 2014

  • Ni, Binbin; Li, Wen; Thorne, Richard M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL059389

Modulation of plasmaspheric hiss intensity by thermal plasma density structure: PLASMASPHERIC HISS MODULATION
journal, July 2012

  • Chen, Lunjin; Thorne, Richard M.; Li, Wen
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL052308