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Title: Line tension of a dislocation moving through an anisotropic crystal

Abstract

Plastic deformation, at all strain rates, is accommodated by the collective motion of crystalline defects known as dislocations. In this paper, we extend an analysis for the energetic stability of a straight dislocation, the so-called line tension (Γ), to steady-state moving dislocations within elastically anisotropic media. Upon simplification to isotropy, our model reduces to an explicit analytical form yielding insight into the behaviour of Γ with increasing velocity. We find that at the first shear wave speed within an isotropic solid, the screw dislocation line tension diverges positively indicating infinite stability. The edge dislocation line tension, on the other hand, changes sign at approximately 80% of the first shear wave speed, and subsequently diverges negatively indicating that the straight configuration is energetically unstable. In anisotropic crystals, the dependence of Γ on the dislocation velocity is significantly more complex; at velocities approaching the first shear wave speed within the plane of the crystal defined by the dislocation line, Γ tends to diverge, with the sign of the divergence strongly dependent on both the elastic properties of the crystal and the orientation of the dislocation line. We interpret our analyses within the context of recent molecular dynamics simulations of the motion ofmore » dislocations near the first shear wave speed. Both the simulations and our analyses are indicative of instabilities of nominally edge dislocations within fcc crystals approaching the first shear wave speed. Finally, we apply our analyses towards predicting the behaviour of dislocations within bcc crystals in the vicinity of the first shear wave speed.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Army Research Lab., Aberdeen, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Army Research Lab. (ARL) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1463485
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-29936
Journal ID: ISSN 1478-6435
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; W911NF-17-2-0224
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Philosophical Magazine (2003, Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Philosophical Magazine (2003, Print); Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 1478-6435
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; moving dislocations; line tension; dynamic loading; anisotropy

Citation Formats

Blaschke, Daniel N., and Szajewski, Benjamin A. Line tension of a dislocation moving through an anisotropic crystal. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1080/14786435.2018.1489152.
Blaschke, Daniel N., & Szajewski, Benjamin A. Line tension of a dislocation moving through an anisotropic crystal. United States. doi:10.1080/14786435.2018.1489152.
Blaschke, Daniel N., and Szajewski, Benjamin A. Wed . "Line tension of a dislocation moving through an anisotropic crystal". United States. doi:10.1080/14786435.2018.1489152. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1463485.
@article{osti_1463485,
title = {Line tension of a dislocation moving through an anisotropic crystal},
author = {Blaschke, Daniel N. and Szajewski, Benjamin A.},
abstractNote = {Plastic deformation, at all strain rates, is accommodated by the collective motion of crystalline defects known as dislocations. In this paper, we extend an analysis for the energetic stability of a straight dislocation, the so-called line tension (Γ), to steady-state moving dislocations within elastically anisotropic media. Upon simplification to isotropy, our model reduces to an explicit analytical form yielding insight into the behaviour of Γ with increasing velocity. We find that at the first shear wave speed within an isotropic solid, the screw dislocation line tension diverges positively indicating infinite stability. The edge dislocation line tension, on the other hand, changes sign at approximately 80% of the first shear wave speed, and subsequently diverges negatively indicating that the straight configuration is energetically unstable. In anisotropic crystals, the dependence of Γ on the dislocation velocity is significantly more complex; at velocities approaching the first shear wave speed within the plane of the crystal defined by the dislocation line, Γ tends to diverge, with the sign of the divergence strongly dependent on both the elastic properties of the crystal and the orientation of the dislocation line. We interpret our analyses within the context of recent molecular dynamics simulations of the motion of dislocations near the first shear wave speed. Both the simulations and our analyses are indicative of instabilities of nominally edge dislocations within fcc crystals approaching the first shear wave speed. Finally, we apply our analyses towards predicting the behaviour of dislocations within bcc crystals in the vicinity of the first shear wave speed.},
doi = {10.1080/14786435.2018.1489152},
journal = {Philosophical Magazine (2003, Print)},
number = 26,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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