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Title: Searching for Dark Photon Dark Matter with Gravitational-Wave Detectors

Abstract

If dark matter stems from the background of a very light gauge boson, this gauge boson could exert forces on test masses in gravitational wave detectors, resulting in displacements with a characteristic frequency set by the gauge boson mass. We outline a novel search strategy for such dark matter, assuming the dark photon is the gauge boson of U(1) B or U(1) B - L . We demonstrate that both ground-based and future space-based gravitational wave detectors have the capability to make a 5σ discovery in unexplored parameter regimes.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1463374
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1498986
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0007859
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 121 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Pierce, Aaron, Riles, Keith, and Zhao, Yue. Searching for Dark Photon Dark Matter with Gravitational-Wave Detectors. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.061102.
Pierce, Aaron, Riles, Keith, & Zhao, Yue. Searching for Dark Photon Dark Matter with Gravitational-Wave Detectors. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.061102.
Pierce, Aaron, Riles, Keith, and Zhao, Yue. Wed . "Searching for Dark Photon Dark Matter with Gravitational-Wave Detectors". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.061102.
@article{osti_1463374,
title = {Searching for Dark Photon Dark Matter with Gravitational-Wave Detectors},
author = {Pierce, Aaron and Riles, Keith and Zhao, Yue},
abstractNote = {If dark matter stems from the background of a very light gauge boson, this gauge boson could exert forces on test masses in gravitational wave detectors, resulting in displacements with a characteristic frequency set by the gauge boson mass. We outline a novel search strategy for such dark matter, assuming the dark photon is the gauge boson of U(1)B or U(1)B - L . We demonstrate that both ground-based and future space-based gravitational wave detectors have the capability to make a 5σ discovery in unexplored parameter regimes.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.061102},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.061102

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: The 2σ exclusion limit and 5σ discovery potential obtained from LIGO and LISA after 2 yr of coincident running for B (upper) and (B − L) (lower) dark photon dark matter. Coupling strength is normalized to EM coupling strength, i.e., ϵ2 = α/αEM, which is not constrained theoretically.more » The blue and green curves are limits from the Eöt-Wash (EW) experiment [11,12] and the Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment [13–15]. The idealized design LIGO sensitivity curves used here do not include very narrow bands of instrumental line artifacts, such as from 60-Hz power mains contamination and vibration modes of mirror suspension fibers, for which DPDM sensitivity is degraded [42,43].« less

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