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This content will become publicly available on July 23, 2019

Title: 1H NMR-based metabolomics of antimalarial plant species traditionally used by Vha-Venda people in Limpopo Province, South Africa and isolation of antiplasmodial compounds

The Vha-Venda people living in rural areas of Limpopo Province of South Africa regularly use traditional plant-based medicines to treat malaria. In our earlier publication, twenty indigenous plant species used to treat malaria or its symptoms by Vha-Venda people were evaluated for antiplasmodial activity. The main objective of the current paper was to assess the robustness of NMR-based metabolomics in discriminating classes of secondary compounds that are responsible for the observed antimalarial activity and the isolation of antiplasmodial compounds. Twenty dichloromethane extracts were reconstituted in CDCl 3, subjected to 1H NMR-based metabolomic analysis on a Varian 600 MHz spectrometer and the acquired 1H NMR spectra were then evaluated collectively using multivariate data analysis (MDA). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Orthogonal Projections to Latent Structures–Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to ‘globally’ discern antiplasmodial profiles. A contribution plot was then generated from the OPLS-DA scoring plot in an attempt to determine the classes of compounds that are responsible for the observed grouping. Further phytochemical analyses were conducted on the lipophilic extracts of Tabernaemontana elegans and Vangueria infausta subsp. infausta. These best candidates were fractionated, purified and their isolated compounds identified based on conventional chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. The PCA did not separatemore » the acquired profiles according to the detected antiplasmodial bioactivity. Application of a supervised OPLS-DA on the 1H NMR profiles resulted in a discrimination pattern that could be correlated to the observed antimalarial bioactivity. A contribution plot generated from the OPLS-DA scoring plot illustrated the classes of compounds responsible for the observed grouping. Prominent peaks were observed in the aromatic, sugar-based/N-containing and aliphatic spectral regions of the contribution plot. Two known indole alkaloids were isolated from T. elegans, and identified as tabernaemontanine (IC 50 = 12.0±0.8 µM) and dregamine (IC 50 = 62.0±2.4 µM). Friedelin (IC 50 = 7.20±0.5 µM) and morindolide (IC 50 = 107.1±0.6 µM) were isolated from V. infausta subsp. infausta. This is the first report of the rare iridoid lactone, morindolide's antimalarial activity. While these two compounds have been previously identified, this is the first account of their occurrence in the genus Vangueria. The study illustrated the potential of NMR-based metabolomics in discriminating classes of compounds that may be attributed to antiplasmodial activity. Finally and additionally, the study demonstrated the potential of discovering novel antiplasmodial scaffolds from medicinal plants and the rationale for the bioprospecting antimalarial plant species used by Vha-Venda people.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. of Pretoria (South Africa). Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences. Inst. for Sustainable Malaria Control. MRC Collaborating Centre for Malaria Research
  2. Univ. of Pretoria (South Africa). Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences; Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Biological Sciences Division
  3. Univ. of Pretoria (South Africa). Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences; Univ. of Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand (France). Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  4. Univ. of Pretoria (South Africa). Dept. of Plant and Soil Sciences
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Ethnopharmacology (Ireland)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Ethnopharmacology (Ireland); Journal ID: ISSN 0378-8741
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Pretoria (South Africa)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; National Research Foundation (NRF) (South Africa)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; NMR- based metabolomics; Tabernaemontana elegans; Vangueria infausta subsp. infausta; antiplasmodial activity; dregamine; tabernaemontanine; friedelin; morindolide; South Africa
OSTI Identifier:
1463337