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This content will become publicly available on July 6, 2019

Title: Forensic Analysis of Faulted NSTX-U Inner Poloidal Field Coil

The failure of the NSTX-U PF1A upper coil suspended plasma operations during the project's first operational campaign after commissioning. Initial nondestructive testing and examination of the failed coil was followed by extensive nondestructive radiography. Destructive testing facilitated visual borescope/videoscope inspection through the cooling path, vacuum testing, and electrical testing of every conductor segment. One conductor cooling path visually evidenced a void through the sidewall of the cooling path in a layer-to-layer region. The identified void in the conductor cooling path was not proximal to a braze or joggle. Electrical testing indicated that the voided conductor segment was a member of a group of 14 conductor segments that evidenced low-resistance connectivity. Four braze joints and two lead segments were subjected to 400-lbf/in 2 hydrostatic pressure testing followed by helium leak testing and evidenced that there were no detectable leaks in the tested cooling path segments. The faulted region was proximal to the center of the coil pack and evidenced historical electrical pitting and molten conductor debris. Samples of the epoxy resin insulation system were extracted and analyzed with dynamic mechanical analysis and differential scanning calorimetry techniques. Epoxy resin insulation samples were subjected to immersion testing per ASTM D570. Metallurgical samples weremore » extracted from the coil pack conductors and subjected to hardness testing and grain structure analysis. The base material testing results indicated no abnormalities. In conclusion, the coil incipient failure was determined to most likely have resulted from conductive material located between conductor and insulation layers.« less
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0093-3813
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 42 ENGINEERING; coils; magnetic confinement; maintenance; tokamaks; conductors; testing; plasmas; coolants; toroidal magnetic fields; current measurement
OSTI Identifier: