skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-accuracy wavefront sensing for x-ray free electron lasers

Abstract

Systematic understanding and real-time feedback capability for x-ray free electron laser (FEL) accelerator and optical components are critical for scientific experiments and instrument performance. Single-shot wavefront sensing enables characterization of the intensity and local electric field distribution at the sample plane, something that is important for understanding scientific experiments such as nonlinear studies. It can also provide feedback for alignment and tuning of the FEL beam and instrumentation optics, leading to optimal instrument performance and greater operational efficiency. A robust, sensitive, and accurate single-shot wavefront sensor for x-ray FEL beams using single grating Talbot interferometry has been developed. Experiments performed at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) demonstrate 3σ sensitivity and accuracy, both better than λ/100, retrieval of hard x-ray (λ = 0.13 nm, E = 9.5 keV) wavefronts in 3D. Exhibiting high performance from both unfocused and focused beams, the same setup can be used to systematically study the wavefront from the FEL output, beam transport optics, and endstation focusing optics. Finally, this technique can be extended for use with softer and harder x rays with modified grating configurations.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1463051
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1462999
Report Number(s):
slac-pub-17308
Journal ID: ISSN 2334-2536
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optica
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Optica Journal Volume: 5 Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2334-2536
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Liu, Yanwei, Seaberg, Matthew, Zhu, Diling, Krzywinski, Jacek, Seiboth, Frank, Hardin, Corey, Cocco, Daniele, Aquila, Andrew, Nagler, Bob, Lee, Hae Ja, Boutet, Sébastien, Feng, Yiping, Ding, Yuantao, Marcus, Gabriel, and Sakdinawat, Anne. High-accuracy wavefront sensing for x-ray free electron lasers. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.5.000967.
Liu, Yanwei, Seaberg, Matthew, Zhu, Diling, Krzywinski, Jacek, Seiboth, Frank, Hardin, Corey, Cocco, Daniele, Aquila, Andrew, Nagler, Bob, Lee, Hae Ja, Boutet, Sébastien, Feng, Yiping, Ding, Yuantao, Marcus, Gabriel, & Sakdinawat, Anne. High-accuracy wavefront sensing for x-ray free electron lasers. United States. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.5.000967.
Liu, Yanwei, Seaberg, Matthew, Zhu, Diling, Krzywinski, Jacek, Seiboth, Frank, Hardin, Corey, Cocco, Daniele, Aquila, Andrew, Nagler, Bob, Lee, Hae Ja, Boutet, Sébastien, Feng, Yiping, Ding, Yuantao, Marcus, Gabriel, and Sakdinawat, Anne. Wed . "High-accuracy wavefront sensing for x-ray free electron lasers". United States. doi:10.1364/OPTICA.5.000967.
@article{osti_1463051,
title = {High-accuracy wavefront sensing for x-ray free electron lasers},
author = {Liu, Yanwei and Seaberg, Matthew and Zhu, Diling and Krzywinski, Jacek and Seiboth, Frank and Hardin, Corey and Cocco, Daniele and Aquila, Andrew and Nagler, Bob and Lee, Hae Ja and Boutet, Sébastien and Feng, Yiping and Ding, Yuantao and Marcus, Gabriel and Sakdinawat, Anne},
abstractNote = {Systematic understanding and real-time feedback capability for x-ray free electron laser (FEL) accelerator and optical components are critical for scientific experiments and instrument performance. Single-shot wavefront sensing enables characterization of the intensity and local electric field distribution at the sample plane, something that is important for understanding scientific experiments such as nonlinear studies. It can also provide feedback for alignment and tuning of the FEL beam and instrumentation optics, leading to optimal instrument performance and greater operational efficiency. A robust, sensitive, and accurate single-shot wavefront sensor for x-ray FEL beams using single grating Talbot interferometry has been developed. Experiments performed at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) demonstrate 3σ sensitivity and accuracy, both better than λ/100, retrieval of hard x-ray (λ = 0.13 nm, E = 9.5 keV) wavefronts in 3D. Exhibiting high performance from both unfocused and focused beams, the same setup can be used to systematically study the wavefront from the FEL output, beam transport optics, and endstation focusing optics. Finally, this technique can be extended for use with softer and harder x rays with modified grating configurations.},
doi = {10.1364/OPTICA.5.000967},
journal = {Optica},
number = 8,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.5.000967

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: (a) Wavefront sensor based on single grating Talbot interferometry and its possible insertion points along a FEL facility to perform systematic studies on beam wavefronts. In this paper we included results from points 2 and 3. The exit of undulator is defined as Z = 0 m inmore » this paper. The size and location of the end station, shown by dashed box, is not to scale in the z axis; it is approximately in the same location as point 2. (b) A sample Talbot image as recorded on the CCD of the imaging microscope and the retrieved 2D wavefront error from it. The scale bar has a length of 100 μm. The dashed white box is where a single column was chosen for detailed analysis that was then used to test the repeatability of phase retrieval results. (c) Retrieved aspherical phase terms from 40 randomly picked single shots. The solid line is the average result, and the error bars at each location indicate ±1σ (standard deviation) of the 40 measurements. The overall variation of the measurements is found to be 2.98 × 10−3 waves, or λ ∕ 335.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Extended Hartmann test based on the pseudoguiding property of a Hartmann mask completed by a phase chessboard
journal, January 2000


Predicting the coherent X-ray wavefront focal properties at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray free electron laser
journal, January 2009

  • Barty, Anton; Soufli, Regina; McCarville, Tom
  • Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.015508

Linac Coherent Light Source: The first five years
journal, March 2016


The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers
journal, March 2016


Recurrence relations for the Cartesian derivatives of the Zernike polynomials
journal, January 2014

  • Stephenson, Philip C. L.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 31, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.31.000708

X-ray phase contrast imaging and noise evaluation using a single phase grating interferometer
journal, January 2013


Development and implementation of a portable grating interferometer system as a standard tool for testing optics at the Advanced Photon Source beamline 1-BM
journal, May 2016

  • Assoufid, Lahsen; Shi, Xianbo; Marathe, Shashidhara
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4950775

Exploring the wavefront of hard X-ray free-electron laser radiation
journal, January 2012

  • Rutishauser, Simon; Samoylova, Liubov; Krzywinski, Jacek
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1950

Single-shot beam-position monitor for x-ray free electron laser
journal, February 2011

  • Tono, Kensuke; Kudo, Togo; Yabashi, Makina
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3549133

Modal wavefront reconstruction from its gradient
journal, January 2015


Optimizing x-ray mirror thermal performance using variable length cooling for second generation FELs
conference, October 2016

  • Hardin, Corey L.; Srinivasan, Venkat N.; Amores, Lope
  • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2235825

Hartmann wavefront sensors and their application at FLASH
journal, January 2016

  • Keitel, Barbara; Plönjes, Elke; Kreis, Svea
  • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 23, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1107/S1600577515020354

Full spatial characterization of a nanofocused x-ray free-electron laser beam by ptychographic imaging
journal, April 2013

  • Schropp, Andreas; Hoppe, Robert; Meier, Vivienne
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep01633

In situoptical testing of infrared lenses for high-performance cameras
journal, January 2006

  • Velghe, S.; Haïdar, R.; Guérineau, N.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.45.005903

X-ray pulse wavefront metrology using speckle tracking
journal, May 2015

  • Berujon, Sebastien; Ziegler, Eric; Cloetens, Peter
  • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 22, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1107/S1600577515005433

The X-ray Pump–Probe instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, April 2015

  • Chollet, Matthieu; Alonso-Mori, Roberto; Cammarata, Marco
  • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/S1600577515005135

Two dimensional x-ray phase imaging using single grating interferometer with embedded x-ray targets
journal, January 2015

  • Morimoto, Naoki; Fujino, Sho; Yamazaki, Amane
  • Optics Express, Vol. 23, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.23.016582

Translation position determination in ptychographic coherent diffraction imaging
journal, January 2013

  • Zhang, Fucai; Peterson, Isaac; Vila-Comamala, Joan
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.013592

Performance of a beam-multiplexing diamond crystal monochromator at the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, June 2014

  • Zhu, Diling; Feng, Yiping; Stoupin, Stanislav
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 6, Article No. 063106
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4880724

Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry
journal, January 1982

  • Takeda, Mitsuo; Ina, Hideki; Kobayashi, Seiji
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America, Vol. 72, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSA.72.000156

Quadriwave lateral shearing interferometry for quantitative phase microscopy of living cells
journal, January 2009

  • Bon, Pierre; Maucort, Guillaume; Wattellier, Benoit
  • Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.013080

Spot size characterization of focused non-Gaussian X-ray laser beams
journal, January 2010

  • Chalupský, J.; Krzywinski, J.; Juha, L.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.027836

Multiple-wave lateral shearing interferometry for wave-front sensing
journal, January 2005


Perfect X-ray focusing via fitting corrective glasses to aberrated optics
journal, March 2017

  • Seiboth, Frank; Schropp, Andreas; Scholz, Maria
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14623

Nanofocusing of hard X-ray free electron laser pulses using diamond based Fresnel zone plates
journal, August 2011

  • David, C.; Gorelick, S.; Rutishauser, S.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep00057

A 2 D high accuracy slope measuring system based on a Stitching Shack Hartmann Optical Head
journal, January 2014

  • Idir, Mourad; Kaznatcheev, Konstantine; Dovillaire, Guillaume
  • Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.002770

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    High-accuracy wavefront sensing for x-ray free electron lasers
    text, January 2018

    • Liu, Yanwei; Seaberg, Matthew; Zhu, Diling
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2018-02772

    Wavefront sensing at X-ray free-electron lasers
    journal, June 2019

    • Seaberg, Matthew; Cojocaru, Ruxandra; Berujon, Sebastien
    • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 26, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1107/s1600577519005721

    Wavefront sensing at X-ray free-electron lasers
    journal, June 2019

    • Seaberg, Matthew; Cojocaru, Ruxandra; Berujon, Sebastien
    • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 26, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1107/s1600577519005721

    Wavefront sensing at X-ray free-electron lasers
    text, January 2019

    • Seaberg, Matthew; Cojocaru, Ruxandra; Berujon, Sebastien
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2019-02574

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.