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Title: Nanocrystal heterostructures of LiCoO 2 with conformal passivating shells

Stabilization of electrode–electrolyte interfaces is required to increase the energy stored in battery electrodes. Introducing redox-inactive ions on the electrode surface minimizes deleterious side reactions without affecting the bulk properties. A synthetic challenge exists to grow such layers conformally at each primary particle, to fully passivate interfaces that are buried in the final electrode architecture. The development of methods of sequential colloidal growth of complex oxides and overlayers, enabled by surfactant interactions, would provide novel means to advance toward this goal. For this, nanocrystals composed of LiCoO 2, a commercially relevant material for high energy devices, were grown with a shell enriched in Al 3+, deposited conformally through a one-pot colloidal synthetic method. The effects of synthetic conditions on the composition of the Al-rich shell and the corresponding electrochemical performance were investigated. The modified nanocrystals showed enhanced electrochemical properties, while maintaining carrier transport.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS) and X-ray Science Division
  5. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Chungnam National Univ., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). School of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; CBET-1605126; DMR-0959470
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanoscale
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 2040-3364
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1462745

Kwon, Bob Jin, Phillips, Patrick J., Key, Baris, Dogan, Fulya, Freeland, John W., Kim, Chunjoong, Klie, Robert F., and Cabana, Jordi. Nanocrystal heterostructures of LiCoO2 with conformal passivating shells. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1039/c7nr08612a.
Kwon, Bob Jin, Phillips, Patrick J., Key, Baris, Dogan, Fulya, Freeland, John W., Kim, Chunjoong, Klie, Robert F., & Cabana, Jordi. Nanocrystal heterostructures of LiCoO2 with conformal passivating shells. United States. doi:10.1039/c7nr08612a.
Kwon, Bob Jin, Phillips, Patrick J., Key, Baris, Dogan, Fulya, Freeland, John W., Kim, Chunjoong, Klie, Robert F., and Cabana, Jordi. 2018. "Nanocrystal heterostructures of LiCoO2 with conformal passivating shells". United States. doi:10.1039/c7nr08612a.
@article{osti_1462745,
title = {Nanocrystal heterostructures of LiCoO2 with conformal passivating shells},
author = {Kwon, Bob Jin and Phillips, Patrick J. and Key, Baris and Dogan, Fulya and Freeland, John W. and Kim, Chunjoong and Klie, Robert F. and Cabana, Jordi},
abstractNote = {Stabilization of electrode–electrolyte interfaces is required to increase the energy stored in battery electrodes. Introducing redox-inactive ions on the electrode surface minimizes deleterious side reactions without affecting the bulk properties. A synthetic challenge exists to grow such layers conformally at each primary particle, to fully passivate interfaces that are buried in the final electrode architecture. The development of methods of sequential colloidal growth of complex oxides and overlayers, enabled by surfactant interactions, would provide novel means to advance toward this goal. For this, nanocrystals composed of LiCoO2, a commercially relevant material for high energy devices, were grown with a shell enriched in Al3+, deposited conformally through a one-pot colloidal synthetic method. The effects of synthetic conditions on the composition of the Al-rich shell and the corresponding electrochemical performance were investigated. The modified nanocrystals showed enhanced electrochemical properties, while maintaining carrier transport.},
doi = {10.1039/c7nr08612a},
journal = {Nanoscale},
number = 15,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Ultrathin Coatings on Nano-LiCoO2 for Li-Ion Vehicular Applications
journal, February 2011
  • Scott, Isaac D.; Jung, Yoon Seok; Cavanagh, Andrew S.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 2, p. 414-418
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Role of surface coating on cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries
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Nanomaterials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
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