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Title: Observation of Complex Time Structures in the Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

Abstract

We present high-statistics, precision measurements of the detailed time and energy dependence of the primary cosmic-ray electron flux and positron flux over 79 Bartels rotations from May 2011 to May 2017 in the energy range from 1 to 50 GeV. For the first time, the charge-sign dependent modulation during solar maximum has been investigated in detail by leptons alone. Based on 23.5 × 10 6 events, we report the observation of short-term structures on the timescale of months coincident in both the electron flux and the positron flux. These structures are not visible in the e + / e - flux ratio. The precision measurements across the solar polarity reversal show that the ratio exhibits a smooth transition over 830 ± 30 days from one value to another. The midpoint of the transition shows an energy dependent delay relative to the reversal and changes by 260 ± 30 days from 1 to 6 GeV.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
[AMS Collaboration]
OSTI Identifier:
1462304
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1544241
Grant/Contract Number:  
[2014/19149-7; 2015/50378-5; 2016/10222-9; 707543-MAtISSE; 40361/01; 40518/03; 258963; 50OO1403; 2013-002-R.0; 2014-037-R.0; NRF-2009-0080142; NRF-2012-010226; NRF-2013-004883; PTDC/FIS/122567/2010; ESP2015-71662-C2-(1-P/2-P); SEV-2015-0548; MDM-2015-0509; RyC-2013-14660; 103-2112-M-006-018-MY3; 105-2112-M-001-003; CDA-105-M06; 2017TEAK(CERN)A5.H6.F2-15; 14255202; 1551980; AC02-05CH11231; JARA0052; 2014/T72497; HELIO15F-0005]
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 121 Journal Issue: 5]; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Aguilar, M., Cavasonza, L. Ali, Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başeğmez-du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Becker, U., Behlmann, M., Beischer, B., Berdugo, J., Bertucci, B., Bindel, K. F., Bindi, V., de Boer, W., Bollweg, K., Bonnivard, V., Borgia, B., Boschini, M. J., Bourquin, M., Bueno, E. F., Burger, J., Cadoux, F., Cai, X. D., Capell, M., Caroff, S., Casaus, J., Castellini, G., Cervelli, F., Chae, M. J., Chang, Y. H., Chen, A. I., Chen, G. M., Chen, H. S., Chen, Y., Cheng, L., Chou, H. Y., Choumilov, E., Choutko, V., Chung, C. H., Clark, C., Clavero, R., Coignet, G., Consolandi, C., Contin, A., Corti, C., Creus, W., Crispoltoni, M., Cui, Z., Dadzie, K., Dai, Y. M., Datta, A., Delgado, C., Della Torre, S., Demirköz, M. B., Derome, L., Di Falco, S., Dimiccoli, F., Díaz, C., von Doetinchem, P., Dong, F., Donnini, F., Duranti, M., D’Urso, D., Egorov, A., Eline, A., Eronen, T., Feng, J., Fiandrini, E., Fisher, P., Formato, V., Galaktionov, Y., Gallucci, G., García-López, R. J., Gargiulo, C., Gast, H., Gebauer, I., Gervasi, M., Ghelfi, A., Giovacchini, F., Gómez-Coral, D. M., Gong, J., Goy, C., Grabski, V., Grandi, D., Graziani, M., Guo, K. H., Haino, S., Han, K. C., He, Z. H., Heil, M., Hsieh, T. H., Huang, H., Huang, Z. C., Huh, C., Incagli, M., Ionica, M., Jang, W. Y., Jia, Yi, Jinchi, H., Kang, S. C., Kanishev, K., Khiali, B., Kim, G. N., Kim, K. S., Kirn, Th., Konak, C., Kounina, O., Kounine, A., Koutsenko, V., Kulemzin, A., La Vacca, G., Laudi, E., Laurenti, G., Lazzizzera, I., Lebedev, A., Lee, H. T., Lee, S. C., Leluc, C., Li, H. S., Li, J. Q., Li, Q., Li, T. X., Li, Z. H., Li, Z. Y., Lim, S., Lin, C. H., Lipari, P., Lippert, T., Liu, D., Liu, Hu, Lordello, V. D., Lu, S. Q., Lu, Y. S., Luebelsmeyer, K., Luo, F., Luo, J. Z., Lyu, S. S., Machate, F., Mañá, C., Marín, J., Martin, T., Martínez, G., Masi, N., Maurin, D., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Meng, Q., Mikuni, V. M., Mo, D. C., Mott, P., Nelson, T., Ni, J. Q., Nikonov, N., Nozzoli, F., Oliva, A., Orcinha, M., Palermo, M., Palmonari, F., Palomares, C., Paniccia, M., Pauluzzi, M., Pensotti, S., Perrina, C., Phan, H. D., Picot-Clemente, N., Pilo, F., Pizzolotto, C., Plyaskin, V., Pohl, M., Poireau, V., Quadrani, L., Qi, X. M., Qin, X., Qu, Z. Y., Räihä, T., Rancoita, P. G., Rapin, D., Ricol, J. S., Rosier-Lees, S., Rozhkov, A., Rozza, D., Sagdeev, R., Schael, S., Schmidt, S. M., von Dratzig, A. Schulz, Schwering, G., Seo, E. S., Shan, B. S., Shi, J. Y., Siedenburg, T., Son, D., Song, J. W., Tacconi, M., Tang, X. W., Tang, Z. C., Tescaro, D., Ting, Samuel C. C., Ting, S. M., Tomassetti, N., Torsti, J., Türkoğlu, C., Urban, T., Vagelli, V., Valente, E., Valtonen, E., Vázquez Acosta, M., Vecchi, M., Velasco, M., Vialle, J. P., Wang, L. Q., Wang, N. H., Wang, Q. L., Wang, X., Wang, X. Q., Wang, Z. X., Wei, C. C., Weng, Z. L., Whitman, K., Wu, H., Wu, X., Xiong, R. Q., Xu, W., Yan, Q., Yang, J., Yang, M., Yang, Y., Yi, H., Yu, Y. J., Yu, Z. Q., Zannoni, M., Zeissler, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. H., Zhang, S. W., Zhang, Z., Zheng, Z. M., Zhuang, H. L., Zhukov, V., Zichichi, A., Zimmermann, N., Zuccon, P., and AMS Collaboration. Observation of Complex Time Structures in the Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051102.
Aguilar, M., Cavasonza, L. Ali, Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başeğmez-du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Becker, U., Behlmann, M., Beischer, B., Berdugo, J., Bertucci, B., Bindel, K. F., Bindi, V., de Boer, W., Bollweg, K., Bonnivard, V., Borgia, B., Boschini, M. J., Bourquin, M., Bueno, E. F., Burger, J., Cadoux, F., Cai, X. D., Capell, M., Caroff, S., Casaus, J., Castellini, G., Cervelli, F., Chae, M. J., Chang, Y. H., Chen, A. I., Chen, G. M., Chen, H. S., Chen, Y., Cheng, L., Chou, H. Y., Choumilov, E., Choutko, V., Chung, C. H., Clark, C., Clavero, R., Coignet, G., Consolandi, C., Contin, A., Corti, C., Creus, W., Crispoltoni, M., Cui, Z., Dadzie, K., Dai, Y. M., Datta, A., Delgado, C., Della Torre, S., Demirköz, M. B., Derome, L., Di Falco, S., Dimiccoli, F., Díaz, C., von Doetinchem, P., Dong, F., Donnini, F., Duranti, M., D’Urso, D., Egorov, A., Eline, A., Eronen, T., Feng, J., Fiandrini, E., Fisher, P., Formato, V., Galaktionov, Y., Gallucci, G., García-López, R. J., Gargiulo, C., Gast, H., Gebauer, I., Gervasi, M., Ghelfi, A., Giovacchini, F., Gómez-Coral, D. M., Gong, J., Goy, C., Grabski, V., Grandi, D., Graziani, M., Guo, K. H., Haino, S., Han, K. C., He, Z. H., Heil, M., Hsieh, T. H., Huang, H., Huang, Z. C., Huh, C., Incagli, M., Ionica, M., Jang, W. Y., Jia, Yi, Jinchi, H., Kang, S. C., Kanishev, K., Khiali, B., Kim, G. N., Kim, K. S., Kirn, Th., Konak, C., Kounina, O., Kounine, A., Koutsenko, V., Kulemzin, A., La Vacca, G., Laudi, E., Laurenti, G., Lazzizzera, I., Lebedev, A., Lee, H. T., Lee, S. C., Leluc, C., Li, H. S., Li, J. Q., Li, Q., Li, T. X., Li, Z. H., Li, Z. Y., Lim, S., Lin, C. H., Lipari, P., Lippert, T., Liu, D., Liu, Hu, Lordello, V. D., Lu, S. Q., Lu, Y. S., Luebelsmeyer, K., Luo, F., Luo, J. Z., Lyu, S. S., Machate, F., Mañá, C., Marín, J., Martin, T., Martínez, G., Masi, N., Maurin, D., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Meng, Q., Mikuni, V. M., Mo, D. C., Mott, P., Nelson, T., Ni, J. Q., Nikonov, N., Nozzoli, F., Oliva, A., Orcinha, M., Palermo, M., Palmonari, F., Palomares, C., Paniccia, M., Pauluzzi, M., Pensotti, S., Perrina, C., Phan, H. D., Picot-Clemente, N., Pilo, F., Pizzolotto, C., Plyaskin, V., Pohl, M., Poireau, V., Quadrani, L., Qi, X. M., Qin, X., Qu, Z. Y., Räihä, T., Rancoita, P. G., Rapin, D., Ricol, J. S., Rosier-Lees, S., Rozhkov, A., Rozza, D., Sagdeev, R., Schael, S., Schmidt, S. M., von Dratzig, A. Schulz, Schwering, G., Seo, E. S., Shan, B. S., Shi, J. Y., Siedenburg, T., Son, D., Song, J. W., Tacconi, M., Tang, X. W., Tang, Z. C., Tescaro, D., Ting, Samuel C. C., Ting, S. M., Tomassetti, N., Torsti, J., Türkoğlu, C., Urban, T., Vagelli, V., Valente, E., Valtonen, E., Vázquez Acosta, M., Vecchi, M., Velasco, M., Vialle, J. P., Wang, L. Q., Wang, N. H., Wang, Q. L., Wang, X., Wang, X. Q., Wang, Z. X., Wei, C. C., Weng, Z. L., Whitman, K., Wu, H., Wu, X., Xiong, R. Q., Xu, W., Yan, Q., Yang, J., Yang, M., Yang, Y., Yi, H., Yu, Y. J., Yu, Z. Q., Zannoni, M., Zeissler, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. H., Zhang, S. W., Zhang, Z., Zheng, Z. M., Zhuang, H. L., Zhukov, V., Zichichi, A., Zimmermann, N., Zuccon, P., & AMS Collaboration. Observation of Complex Time Structures in the Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051102.
Aguilar, M., Cavasonza, L. Ali, Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başeğmez-du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Becker, U., Behlmann, M., Beischer, B., Berdugo, J., Bertucci, B., Bindel, K. F., Bindi, V., de Boer, W., Bollweg, K., Bonnivard, V., Borgia, B., Boschini, M. J., Bourquin, M., Bueno, E. F., Burger, J., Cadoux, F., Cai, X. D., Capell, M., Caroff, S., Casaus, J., Castellini, G., Cervelli, F., Chae, M. J., Chang, Y. H., Chen, A. I., Chen, G. M., Chen, H. S., Chen, Y., Cheng, L., Chou, H. Y., Choumilov, E., Choutko, V., Chung, C. H., Clark, C., Clavero, R., Coignet, G., Consolandi, C., Contin, A., Corti, C., Creus, W., Crispoltoni, M., Cui, Z., Dadzie, K., Dai, Y. M., Datta, A., Delgado, C., Della Torre, S., Demirköz, M. B., Derome, L., Di Falco, S., Dimiccoli, F., Díaz, C., von Doetinchem, P., Dong, F., Donnini, F., Duranti, M., D’Urso, D., Egorov, A., Eline, A., Eronen, T., Feng, J., Fiandrini, E., Fisher, P., Formato, V., Galaktionov, Y., Gallucci, G., García-López, R. J., Gargiulo, C., Gast, H., Gebauer, I., Gervasi, M., Ghelfi, A., Giovacchini, F., Gómez-Coral, D. M., Gong, J., Goy, C., Grabski, V., Grandi, D., Graziani, M., Guo, K. H., Haino, S., Han, K. C., He, Z. H., Heil, M., Hsieh, T. H., Huang, H., Huang, Z. C., Huh, C., Incagli, M., Ionica, M., Jang, W. Y., Jia, Yi, Jinchi, H., Kang, S. C., Kanishev, K., Khiali, B., Kim, G. N., Kim, K. S., Kirn, Th., Konak, C., Kounina, O., Kounine, A., Koutsenko, V., Kulemzin, A., La Vacca, G., Laudi, E., Laurenti, G., Lazzizzera, I., Lebedev, A., Lee, H. T., Lee, S. C., Leluc, C., Li, H. S., Li, J. Q., Li, Q., Li, T. X., Li, Z. H., Li, Z. Y., Lim, S., Lin, C. H., Lipari, P., Lippert, T., Liu, D., Liu, Hu, Lordello, V. D., Lu, S. Q., Lu, Y. S., Luebelsmeyer, K., Luo, F., Luo, J. Z., Lyu, S. S., Machate, F., Mañá, C., Marín, J., Martin, T., Martínez, G., Masi, N., Maurin, D., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Meng, Q., Mikuni, V. M., Mo, D. C., Mott, P., Nelson, T., Ni, J. Q., Nikonov, N., Nozzoli, F., Oliva, A., Orcinha, M., Palermo, M., Palmonari, F., Palomares, C., Paniccia, M., Pauluzzi, M., Pensotti, S., Perrina, C., Phan, H. D., Picot-Clemente, N., Pilo, F., Pizzolotto, C., Plyaskin, V., Pohl, M., Poireau, V., Quadrani, L., Qi, X. M., Qin, X., Qu, Z. Y., Räihä, T., Rancoita, P. G., Rapin, D., Ricol, J. S., Rosier-Lees, S., Rozhkov, A., Rozza, D., Sagdeev, R., Schael, S., Schmidt, S. M., von Dratzig, A. Schulz, Schwering, G., Seo, E. S., Shan, B. S., Shi, J. Y., Siedenburg, T., Son, D., Song, J. W., Tacconi, M., Tang, X. W., Tang, Z. C., Tescaro, D., Ting, Samuel C. C., Ting, S. M., Tomassetti, N., Torsti, J., Türkoğlu, C., Urban, T., Vagelli, V., Valente, E., Valtonen, E., Vázquez Acosta, M., Vecchi, M., Velasco, M., Vialle, J. P., Wang, L. Q., Wang, N. H., Wang, Q. L., Wang, X., Wang, X. Q., Wang, Z. X., Wei, C. C., Weng, Z. L., Whitman, K., Wu, H., Wu, X., Xiong, R. Q., Xu, W., Yan, Q., Yang, J., Yang, M., Yang, Y., Yi, H., Yu, Y. J., Yu, Z. Q., Zannoni, M., Zeissler, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. H., Zhang, S. W., Zhang, Z., Zheng, Z. M., Zhuang, H. L., Zhukov, V., Zichichi, A., Zimmermann, N., Zuccon, P., and AMS Collaboration. Tue . "Observation of Complex Time Structures in the Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051102.
@article{osti_1462304,
title = {Observation of Complex Time Structures in the Cosmic-Ray Electron and Positron Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station},
author = {Aguilar, M. and Cavasonza, L. Ali and Ambrosi, G. and Arruda, L. and Attig, N. and Aupetit, S. and Azzarello, P. and Bachlechner, A. and Barao, F. and Barrau, A. and Barrin, L. and Bartoloni, A. and Basara, L. and Başeğmez-du Pree, S. and Battarbee, M. and Battiston, R. and Becker, U. and Behlmann, M. and Beischer, B. and Berdugo, J. and Bertucci, B. and Bindel, K. F. and Bindi, V. and de Boer, W. and Bollweg, K. and Bonnivard, V. and Borgia, B. and Boschini, M. J. and Bourquin, M. and Bueno, E. F. and Burger, J. and Cadoux, F. and Cai, X. D. and Capell, M. and Caroff, S. and Casaus, J. and Castellini, G. and Cervelli, F. and Chae, M. J. and Chang, Y. H. and Chen, A. I. and Chen, G. M. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, L. and Chou, H. Y. and Choumilov, E. and Choutko, V. and Chung, C. H. and Clark, C. and Clavero, R. and Coignet, G. and Consolandi, C. and Contin, A. and Corti, C. and Creus, W. and Crispoltoni, M. and Cui, Z. and Dadzie, K. and Dai, Y. M. and Datta, A. and Delgado, C. and Della Torre, S. and Demirköz, M. B. and Derome, L. and Di Falco, S. and Dimiccoli, F. and Díaz, C. and von Doetinchem, P. and Dong, F. and Donnini, F. and Duranti, M. and D’Urso, D. and Egorov, A. and Eline, A. and Eronen, T. and Feng, J. and Fiandrini, E. and Fisher, P. and Formato, V. and Galaktionov, Y. and Gallucci, G. and García-López, R. J. and Gargiulo, C. and Gast, H. and Gebauer, I. and Gervasi, M. and Ghelfi, A. and Giovacchini, F. and Gómez-Coral, D. M. and Gong, J. and Goy, C. and Grabski, V. and Grandi, D. and Graziani, M. and Guo, K. H. and Haino, S. and Han, K. C. and He, Z. H. and Heil, M. and Hsieh, T. H. and Huang, H. and Huang, Z. C. and Huh, C. and Incagli, M. and Ionica, M. and Jang, W. Y. and Jia, Yi and Jinchi, H. and Kang, S. C. and Kanishev, K. and Khiali, B. and Kim, G. N. and Kim, K. S. and Kirn, Th. and Konak, C. and Kounina, O. and Kounine, A. and Koutsenko, V. and Kulemzin, A. and La Vacca, G. and Laudi, E. and Laurenti, G. and Lazzizzera, I. and Lebedev, A. and Lee, H. T. and Lee, S. C. and Leluc, C. and Li, H. S. and Li, J. Q. and Li, Q. and Li, T. X. and Li, Z. H. and Li, Z. Y. and Lim, S. and Lin, C. H. and Lipari, P. and Lippert, T. and Liu, D. and Liu, Hu and Lordello, V. D. and Lu, S. Q. and Lu, Y. S. and Luebelsmeyer, K. and Luo, F. and Luo, J. Z. and Lyu, S. S. and Machate, F. and Mañá, C. and Marín, J. and Martin, T. and Martínez, G. and Masi, N. and Maurin, D. and Menchaca-Rocha, A. and Meng, Q. and Mikuni, V. M. and Mo, D. C. and Mott, P. and Nelson, T. and Ni, J. Q. and Nikonov, N. and Nozzoli, F. and Oliva, A. and Orcinha, M. and Palermo, M. and Palmonari, F. and Palomares, C. and Paniccia, M. and Pauluzzi, M. and Pensotti, S. and Perrina, C. and Phan, H. D. and Picot-Clemente, N. and Pilo, F. and Pizzolotto, C. and Plyaskin, V. and Pohl, M. and Poireau, V. and Quadrani, L. and Qi, X. M. and Qin, X. and Qu, Z. Y. and Räihä, T. and Rancoita, P. G. and Rapin, D. and Ricol, J. S. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rozhkov, A. and Rozza, D. and Sagdeev, R. and Schael, S. and Schmidt, S. M. and von Dratzig, A. Schulz and Schwering, G. and Seo, E. S. and Shan, B. S. and Shi, J. Y. and Siedenburg, T. and Son, D. and Song, J. W. and Tacconi, M. and Tang, X. W. and Tang, Z. C. and Tescaro, D. and Ting, Samuel C. C. and Ting, S. M. and Tomassetti, N. and Torsti, J. and Türkoğlu, C. and Urban, T. and Vagelli, V. and Valente, E. and Valtonen, E. and Vázquez Acosta, M. and Vecchi, M. and Velasco, M. and Vialle, J. P. and Wang, L. Q. and Wang, N. H. and Wang, Q. L. and Wang, X. and Wang, X. Q. and Wang, Z. X. and Wei, C. C. and Weng, Z. L. and Whitman, K. and Wu, H. and Wu, X. and Xiong, R. Q. and Xu, W. and Yan, Q. and Yang, J. and Yang, M. and Yang, Y. and Yi, H. and Yu, Y. J. and Yu, Z. Q. and Zannoni, M. and Zeissler, S. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, F. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, J. H. and Zhang, S. W. and Zhang, Z. and Zheng, Z. M. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zhukov, V. and Zichichi, A. and Zimmermann, N. and Zuccon, P. and AMS Collaboration},
abstractNote = {We present high-statistics, precision measurements of the detailed time and energy dependence of the primary cosmic-ray electron flux and positron flux over 79 Bartels rotations from May 2011 to May 2017 in the energy range from 1 to 50 GeV. For the first time, the charge-sign dependent modulation during solar maximum has been investigated in detail by leptons alone. Based on 23.5 × 106 events, we report the observation of short-term structures on the timescale of months coincident in both the electron flux and the positron flux. These structures are not visible in the e+ / e- flux ratio. The precision measurements across the solar polarity reversal show that the ratio exhibits a smooth transition over 830 ± 30 days from one value to another. The midpoint of the transition shows an energy dependent delay relative to the reversal and changes by 260 ± 30 days from 1 to 6 GeV.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051102},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = [5],
volume = [121],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051102

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The role of merged interaction regions and drafts in the heliospheric modulation of cosmic rays beyond 20 AU - A computer simulation
journal, January 1993

  • Potgieter, M. S.; Le Roux, J. A.; Burlaga, L. F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 403
  • DOI: 10.1086/172247

Solar Modulation of Cosmic Rays
journal, January 2013


The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
journal, October 2013


Measurement of the cosmic-ray low-energy antiproton spectrum with the first BESS-Polar Antarctic flight
journal, December 2008


Time Dependence of the Electron and Positron Components of the Cosmic Radiation Measured by the PAMELA Experiment between July 2006 and December 2015
journal, June 2016


Time-Dependent Modulation of Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere
journal, November 2013


SOLAR MODULATION OF THE LOCAL INTERSTELLAR SPECTRUM WITH VOYAGER 1 , AMS-02, PAMELA , AND BESS
journal, September 2016


Positrons and Antiprotons in Galactic Cosmic Rays
journal, October 2016


Cosmic ray feedback in hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy formation
journal, December 2007


Time-dependent cosmic-ray modulation: Role of drifts and interaction regions
journal, June 1993


The global modulation of cosmic rays during a quiet heliosphere: A modeling perspective
journal, August 2017


Cosmic Rays Through the Solar Hale Cycle: Insights from Ulysses
journal, June 2011


Dark matter and pulsar origins of the rising cosmic ray positron fraction in light of new data from the AMS
journal, July 2013


Antiproton constraints on the GeV gamma-ray excess: a comprehensive analysis
journal, December 2014

  • Cirelli, Marco; Gaggero, Daniele; Giesen, Gaëlle
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/12/045

HELIOSPHERIC INFLUENCE ON THE ANISOTROPY OF TeV COSMIC RAYS
journal, June 2014


Electron and Positron Fluxes in Primary Cosmic Rays Measured with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
journal, September 2014


Modulation of Galactic Electrons in the Heliosphere During the Unusual Solar Minimum of 2006–2009: a Modeling Approach
journal, September 2015


Cosmic Rays below Z  = 30 in a Diffusion Model: New Constraints on Propagation Parameters
journal, July 2001

  • Maurin, D.; Donato, F.; Taillet, R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 555, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/321496

Solar Modulation of Cosmic Electrons
journal, June 1996

  • Clem, John M.; Clements, David P.; Esposito, Joseph
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 464
  • DOI: 10.1086/177340

New Evidence for Charge-Sign-Dependent Modulation During the Solar Minimum of 2006 to 2009
journal, January 2017


Cosmic-ray propagation with DRAGON2: I. numerical solver and astrophysical ingredients
journal, February 2017

  • Evoli, Carmelo; Gaggero, Daniele; Vittino, Andrea
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/015

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
journal, August 2012


Geant4 developments and applications
journal, February 2006

  • Allison, J.; Amako, K.; Apostolakis, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2006.869826

Evidence for a Time Lag in Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays
journal, November 2017

  • Tomassetti, Nicola; Orcinha, Miguel; Barão, Fernando
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 849, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9373

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Propagation of Cosmic‐Ray Nucleons in the Galaxy
journal, December 1998

  • Strong, Andrew W.; Moskalenko, Igor V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 509, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/306470

Where to stick your data points: The treatment of measurements within wide bins
journal, February 1995

  • Lafferty, G. D.; Wyatt, T. R.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 355, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(94)01112-5

Recurrent modulation of galactic cosmic ray electrons and protons: Ulysses COSPIN/KET observations
conference, January 2000

  • Heber, B.
  • Acceleration and transport of energetic particles observed in the heliosphere (ACE-2000 symposium), AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1324339

On Polar Magnetic Field Reversal and Surface flux Transport During Solar Cycle 24
journal, January 2015


Cosmic-Ray Propagation and Interactions in the Galaxy
journal, November 2007


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Time-Dependent Modulation of Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere
    journal, November 2013


    Cosmic Rays Through the Solar Hale Cycle: Insights from Ulysses
    journal, June 2011


    Propagation of Solitary Waves and Double-Layers in Electron–Positron Pair Plasmas with Stationary Ions and Nonextensive Electrons
    journal, June 2019

    • El-Wakil, S. A.; Abulwafa, E. M.; El-Hanbaly, A. M.
    • International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics, Vol. 5, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s40819-019-0696-x

    Where to stick your data points: The treatment of measurements within wide bins
    journal, February 1995

    • Lafferty, G. D.; Wyatt, T. R.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 355, Issue 2-3
    • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(94)01112-5

    Time-dependent cosmic-ray modulation: Role of drifts and interaction regions
    journal, June 1993


    The charge-sign dependent effect in the solar modulation of cosmic rays
    journal, May 2014


    The global modulation of cosmic rays during a quiet heliosphere: A modeling perspective
    journal, August 2017


    The antimatter spectrometer (AMS-02): A particle physics detector in space
    journal, April 2008

    • Battiston, Roberto
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 588, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.01.044

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
    journal, October 2013


    Measurement of the cosmic-ray low-energy antiproton spectrum with the first BESS-Polar Antarctic flight
    journal, December 2008


    The interstellar cosmic-ray electron spectrum from synchrotron radiation and direct measurements
    journal, September 2011


    Cosmic ray feedback in hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy formation
    journal, December 2007


    Recurrent modulation of galactic cosmic ray electrons and protons: Ulysses COSPIN/KET observations
    conference, January 2000

    • Heber, B.
    • Acceleration and transport of energetic particles observed in the heliosphere (ACE-2000 symposium), AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1324339

    Astroparticle Physiscs with AMS02
    conference, January 2010

    • Incagli, Marco; Cecchi, Claudia; Ciprini, Stefano
    • SCIENCE WITH THE NEW GENERATION OF HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY EXPERIMENTS: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Gamma-Ray Physics in the LHC Era, AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3395995

    The role of merged interaction regions and drafts in the heliospheric modulation of cosmic rays beyond 20 AU - A computer simulation
    journal, January 1993

    • Potgieter, M. S.; Le Roux, J. A.; Burlaga, L. F.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 403
    • DOI: 10.1086/172247

    Solar Modulation of Cosmic Electrons
    journal, June 1996

    • Clem, John M.; Clements, David P.; Esposito, Joseph
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 464
    • DOI: 10.1086/177340

    Propagation of Cosmic‐Ray Nucleons in the Galaxy
    journal, December 1998

    • Strong, Andrew W.; Moskalenko, Igor V.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 509, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1086/306470

    Cosmic Rays below Z  = 30 in a Diffusion Model: New Constraints on Propagation Parameters
    journal, July 2001

    • Maurin, D.; Donato, F.; Taillet, R.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 555, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1086/321496

    Long‐Term Cosmic‐Ray Modulation in the Heliosphere
    journal, March 2004

    • Ferreira, S. E. S.; Potgieter, M. S.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 603, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1086/381649

    Antiproton constraints on the GeV gamma-ray excess: a comprehensive analysis
    journal, December 2014

    • Cirelli, Marco; Gaggero, Daniele; Giesen, Gaëlle
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/12/045

    Cosmic-ray propagation with DRAGON2: I. numerical solver and astrophysical ingredients
    journal, February 2017

    • Evoli, Carmelo; Gaggero, Daniele; Vittino, Andrea
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 02
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/015

    Towards Understanding the Origin of Cosmic-Ray Electrons
    journal, March 2019


    Positrons and Antiprotons in Galactic Cosmic Rays
    journal, October 2016


    Cosmic-Ray Propagation and Interactions in the Galaxy
    journal, November 2007


    Solar Modulation of Cosmic Rays
    journal, January 2013


    New Evidence for Charge-Sign-Dependent Modulation During the Solar Minimum of 2006 to 2009
    journal, January 2017


    Constraints on Leptophilic Dark Matter from the AMS-02 Experiment
    journal, April 2017

    • Cavasonza, Leila Ali; Gast, Henning; Krämer, Michael
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 839, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa624d

    Evidence for a Time Lag in Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays
    journal, November 2017

    • Tomassetti, Nicola; Orcinha, Miguel; Barão, Fernando
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 849, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9373