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Title: Observation of Fine Time Structures in the Cosmic Proton and Helium Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

Abstract

We present the precision measurement from May 2011 to May 2017 (79 Bartels rotations) of the proton fluxes at rigidities from 1 to 60 GV and the helium fluxes from 1.9 to 60 GV based on a total of 1 × 10 9 events collected with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer aboard the International Space Station. This measurement is in solar cycle 24, which has the solar maximum in April 2014. We observed that, below 40 GV, the proton flux and the helium flux show nearly identical fine structures in both time and relative amplitude. The amplitudes of the flux structures decrease with increasing rigidity and vanish above 40 GV. The amplitudes of the structures are reduced during the time period, which started one year after solar maximum, when the proton and helium fluxes steadily increase. Above ~ 3 GV the $p$/He flux ratio is time independent. We observed that below ~ 3 GV the ratio has a long-term decrease coinciding with the period during which the fluxes start to rise.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
AMS Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1462300
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1544240
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; 2014/19149-7; 2015/50378-5; 2016/10222-9; 707543-MAtISSE; 40361/01; 40518/03; 258963; 50OO1403; 2013-002-R.0; 2014-037-R.0; NRF-2009-0080142; NRF-2012-010226; NRF-2013-004883; PTDC/FIS/122567/2010; ESP2015-71662-C2-(1-P/2-P); SEV-2015-0548; MDM-2015-0509; RyC-2013-14660; 103-2112-M-006-018-MY3; 105-2112-M-001-003; CDA-105-M06; 2017TEAK(CERN)A5.H6.F2-15; 14255202; 1551980; AC02-05CH11231; JARA0052; HELIO15F-0005; 2014/T72497
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 121 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Aguilar, M., Ali Cavasonza, L., Alpat, B., Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başeğmez-du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Becker, U., Behlmann, M., Beischer, B., Berdugo, J., Bertucci, B., Bindel, K. F., Bindi, V., de Boer, W., Bollweg, K., Bonnivard, V., Borgia, B., Boschini, M. J., Bourquin, M., Bueno, E. F., Burger, J., Cadoux, F., Cai, X. D., Capell, M., Caroff, S., Casaus, J., Castellini, G., Cervelli, F., Chae, M. J., Chang, Y. H., Chen, A. I., Chen, G. M., Chen, H. S., Chen, Y., Cheng, L., Chou, H. Y., Choumilov, E., Choutko, V., Chung, C. H., Clark, C., Clavero, R., Coignet, G., Consolandi, C., Contin, A., Corti, C., Creus, W., Crispoltoni, M., Cui, Z., Dadzie, K., Dai, Y. M., Datta, A., Delgado, C., Della Torre, S., Demirköz, M. B., Derome, L., Di Falco, S., Dimiccoli, F., Díaz, C., von Doetinchem, P., Dong, F., Donnini, F., Duranti, M., D’Urso, D., Egorov, A., Eline, A., Eronen, T., Feng, J., Fiandrini, E., Fisher, P., Formato, V., Galaktionov, Y., Gallucci, G., García-López, R. J., Gargiulo, C., Gast, H., Gebauer, I., Gervasi, M., Ghelfi, A., Giovacchini, F., Gómez-Coral, D. M., Gong, J., Goy, C., Grabski, V., Grandi, D., Graziani, M., Guo, K. H., Haino, S., Han, K. C., He, Z. H., Heil, M., Hoffman, J., Hsieh, T. H., Huang, H., Huang, Z. C., Huh, C., Incagli, M., Ionica, M., Jang, W. Y., Jia, Yi, Jinchi, H., Kang, S. C., Kanishev, K., Khiali, B., Kim, G. N., Kim, K. S., Kirn, Th., Konak, C., Kounina, O., Kounine, A., Koutsenko, V., Kulemzin, A., La Vacca, G., Laudi, E., Laurenti, G., Lazzizzera, I., Lebedev, A., Lee, H. T., Lee, S. C., Leluc, C., Li, H. S., Li, J. Q., Li, Q., Li, T. X., Li, Z. H., Li, Z. Y., Light, C., Lim, S., Lin, C. H., Lipari, P., Lippert, T., Liu, D., Liu, Hu, Lordello, V. D., Lu, S. Q., Lu, Y. S., Luebelsmeyer, K., Luo, F., Luo, J. Z., Luo, X., Lyu, S. S., Machate, F., Mañá, C., Marín, J., Martin, T., Martínez, G., Masi, N., Maurin, D., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Meng, Q., Mikuni, V. M., Mo, D. C., Mott, P., Nelson, T., Ni, J. Q., Nikonov, N., Nozzoli, F., Oliva, A., Orcinha, M., Palermo, M., Palmonari, F., Palomares, C., Paniccia, M., Pauluzzi, M., Pensotti, S., Perrina, C., Phan, H. D., Picot-Clemente, N., Pilo, F., Pizzolotto, C., Plyaskin, V., Pohl, M., Poireau, V., Popkow, A., Quadrani, L., Qi, X. M., Qin, X., Qu, Z. Y., Räihä, T., Rancoita, P. G., Rapin, D., Ricol, J. S., Rosier-Lees, S., Rozhkov, A., Rozza, D., Sagdeev, R., Schael, S., Schmidt, S. M., Schulz von Dratzig, A., Schwering, G., Seo, E. S., Shan, B. S., Shi, J. Y., Siedenburg, T., Son, D., Song, J. W., Tacconi, M., Tang, X. W., Tang, Z. C., Tescaro, D., Ting, Samuel C. C., Ting, S. M., Tomassetti, N., Torsti, J., Türkoğlu, C., Urban, T., Vagelli, V., Valente, E., Valtonen, E., Vázquez Acosta, M., Vecchi, M., Velasco, M., Vialle, J. P., Wang, L. Q., Wang, N. H., Wang, Q. L., Wang, X., Wang, X. Q., Wang, Z. X., Wei, C. C., Weng, Z. L., Whitman, K., Wu, H., Wu, X., Xiong, R. Q., Xu, W., Yan, Q., Yang, J., Yang, M., Yang, Y., Yi, H., Yu, Y. J., Yu, Z. Q., Zannoni, M., Zeissler, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. H., Zhang, S. W., Zhang, Z., Zheng, Z. M., Zhuang, H. L., Zhukov, V., Zichichi, A., Zimmermann, N., Zuccon, P., and AMS Collaboration. Observation of Fine Time Structures in the Cosmic Proton and Helium Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051101.
Aguilar, M., Ali Cavasonza, L., Alpat, B., Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başeğmez-du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Becker, U., Behlmann, M., Beischer, B., Berdugo, J., Bertucci, B., Bindel, K. F., Bindi, V., de Boer, W., Bollweg, K., Bonnivard, V., Borgia, B., Boschini, M. J., Bourquin, M., Bueno, E. F., Burger, J., Cadoux, F., Cai, X. D., Capell, M., Caroff, S., Casaus, J., Castellini, G., Cervelli, F., Chae, M. J., Chang, Y. H., Chen, A. I., Chen, G. M., Chen, H. S., Chen, Y., Cheng, L., Chou, H. Y., Choumilov, E., Choutko, V., Chung, C. H., Clark, C., Clavero, R., Coignet, G., Consolandi, C., Contin, A., Corti, C., Creus, W., Crispoltoni, M., Cui, Z., Dadzie, K., Dai, Y. M., Datta, A., Delgado, C., Della Torre, S., Demirköz, M. B., Derome, L., Di Falco, S., Dimiccoli, F., Díaz, C., von Doetinchem, P., Dong, F., Donnini, F., Duranti, M., D’Urso, D., Egorov, A., Eline, A., Eronen, T., Feng, J., Fiandrini, E., Fisher, P., Formato, V., Galaktionov, Y., Gallucci, G., García-López, R. J., Gargiulo, C., Gast, H., Gebauer, I., Gervasi, M., Ghelfi, A., Giovacchini, F., Gómez-Coral, D. M., Gong, J., Goy, C., Grabski, V., Grandi, D., Graziani, M., Guo, K. H., Haino, S., Han, K. C., He, Z. H., Heil, M., Hoffman, J., Hsieh, T. H., Huang, H., Huang, Z. C., Huh, C., Incagli, M., Ionica, M., Jang, W. Y., Jia, Yi, Jinchi, H., Kang, S. C., Kanishev, K., Khiali, B., Kim, G. N., Kim, K. S., Kirn, Th., Konak, C., Kounina, O., Kounine, A., Koutsenko, V., Kulemzin, A., La Vacca, G., Laudi, E., Laurenti, G., Lazzizzera, I., Lebedev, A., Lee, H. T., Lee, S. C., Leluc, C., Li, H. S., Li, J. Q., Li, Q., Li, T. X., Li, Z. H., Li, Z. Y., Light, C., Lim, S., Lin, C. H., Lipari, P., Lippert, T., Liu, D., Liu, Hu, Lordello, V. D., Lu, S. Q., Lu, Y. S., Luebelsmeyer, K., Luo, F., Luo, J. Z., Luo, X., Lyu, S. S., Machate, F., Mañá, C., Marín, J., Martin, T., Martínez, G., Masi, N., Maurin, D., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Meng, Q., Mikuni, V. M., Mo, D. C., Mott, P., Nelson, T., Ni, J. Q., Nikonov, N., Nozzoli, F., Oliva, A., Orcinha, M., Palermo, M., Palmonari, F., Palomares, C., Paniccia, M., Pauluzzi, M., Pensotti, S., Perrina, C., Phan, H. D., Picot-Clemente, N., Pilo, F., Pizzolotto, C., Plyaskin, V., Pohl, M., Poireau, V., Popkow, A., Quadrani, L., Qi, X. M., Qin, X., Qu, Z. Y., Räihä, T., Rancoita, P. G., Rapin, D., Ricol, J. S., Rosier-Lees, S., Rozhkov, A., Rozza, D., Sagdeev, R., Schael, S., Schmidt, S. M., Schulz von Dratzig, A., Schwering, G., Seo, E. S., Shan, B. S., Shi, J. Y., Siedenburg, T., Son, D., Song, J. W., Tacconi, M., Tang, X. W., Tang, Z. C., Tescaro, D., Ting, Samuel C. C., Ting, S. M., Tomassetti, N., Torsti, J., Türkoğlu, C., Urban, T., Vagelli, V., Valente, E., Valtonen, E., Vázquez Acosta, M., Vecchi, M., Velasco, M., Vialle, J. P., Wang, L. Q., Wang, N. H., Wang, Q. L., Wang, X., Wang, X. Q., Wang, Z. X., Wei, C. C., Weng, Z. L., Whitman, K., Wu, H., Wu, X., Xiong, R. Q., Xu, W., Yan, Q., Yang, J., Yang, M., Yang, Y., Yi, H., Yu, Y. J., Yu, Z. Q., Zannoni, M., Zeissler, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. H., Zhang, S. W., Zhang, Z., Zheng, Z. M., Zhuang, H. L., Zhukov, V., Zichichi, A., Zimmermann, N., Zuccon, P., & AMS Collaboration. Observation of Fine Time Structures in the Cosmic Proton and Helium Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051101.
Aguilar, M., Ali Cavasonza, L., Alpat, B., Ambrosi, G., Arruda, L., Attig, N., Aupetit, S., Azzarello, P., Bachlechner, A., Barao, F., Barrau, A., Barrin, L., Bartoloni, A., Basara, L., Başeğmez-du Pree, S., Battarbee, M., Battiston, R., Becker, U., Behlmann, M., Beischer, B., Berdugo, J., Bertucci, B., Bindel, K. F., Bindi, V., de Boer, W., Bollweg, K., Bonnivard, V., Borgia, B., Boschini, M. J., Bourquin, M., Bueno, E. F., Burger, J., Cadoux, F., Cai, X. D., Capell, M., Caroff, S., Casaus, J., Castellini, G., Cervelli, F., Chae, M. J., Chang, Y. H., Chen, A. I., Chen, G. M., Chen, H. S., Chen, Y., Cheng, L., Chou, H. Y., Choumilov, E., Choutko, V., Chung, C. H., Clark, C., Clavero, R., Coignet, G., Consolandi, C., Contin, A., Corti, C., Creus, W., Crispoltoni, M., Cui, Z., Dadzie, K., Dai, Y. M., Datta, A., Delgado, C., Della Torre, S., Demirköz, M. B., Derome, L., Di Falco, S., Dimiccoli, F., Díaz, C., von Doetinchem, P., Dong, F., Donnini, F., Duranti, M., D’Urso, D., Egorov, A., Eline, A., Eronen, T., Feng, J., Fiandrini, E., Fisher, P., Formato, V., Galaktionov, Y., Gallucci, G., García-López, R. J., Gargiulo, C., Gast, H., Gebauer, I., Gervasi, M., Ghelfi, A., Giovacchini, F., Gómez-Coral, D. M., Gong, J., Goy, C., Grabski, V., Grandi, D., Graziani, M., Guo, K. H., Haino, S., Han, K. C., He, Z. H., Heil, M., Hoffman, J., Hsieh, T. H., Huang, H., Huang, Z. C., Huh, C., Incagli, M., Ionica, M., Jang, W. Y., Jia, Yi, Jinchi, H., Kang, S. C., Kanishev, K., Khiali, B., Kim, G. N., Kim, K. S., Kirn, Th., Konak, C., Kounina, O., Kounine, A., Koutsenko, V., Kulemzin, A., La Vacca, G., Laudi, E., Laurenti, G., Lazzizzera, I., Lebedev, A., Lee, H. T., Lee, S. C., Leluc, C., Li, H. S., Li, J. Q., Li, Q., Li, T. X., Li, Z. H., Li, Z. Y., Light, C., Lim, S., Lin, C. H., Lipari, P., Lippert, T., Liu, D., Liu, Hu, Lordello, V. D., Lu, S. Q., Lu, Y. S., Luebelsmeyer, K., Luo, F., Luo, J. Z., Luo, X., Lyu, S. S., Machate, F., Mañá, C., Marín, J., Martin, T., Martínez, G., Masi, N., Maurin, D., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Meng, Q., Mikuni, V. M., Mo, D. C., Mott, P., Nelson, T., Ni, J. Q., Nikonov, N., Nozzoli, F., Oliva, A., Orcinha, M., Palermo, M., Palmonari, F., Palomares, C., Paniccia, M., Pauluzzi, M., Pensotti, S., Perrina, C., Phan, H. D., Picot-Clemente, N., Pilo, F., Pizzolotto, C., Plyaskin, V., Pohl, M., Poireau, V., Popkow, A., Quadrani, L., Qi, X. M., Qin, X., Qu, Z. Y., Räihä, T., Rancoita, P. G., Rapin, D., Ricol, J. S., Rosier-Lees, S., Rozhkov, A., Rozza, D., Sagdeev, R., Schael, S., Schmidt, S. M., Schulz von Dratzig, A., Schwering, G., Seo, E. S., Shan, B. S., Shi, J. Y., Siedenburg, T., Son, D., Song, J. W., Tacconi, M., Tang, X. W., Tang, Z. C., Tescaro, D., Ting, Samuel C. C., Ting, S. M., Tomassetti, N., Torsti, J., Türkoğlu, C., Urban, T., Vagelli, V., Valente, E., Valtonen, E., Vázquez Acosta, M., Vecchi, M., Velasco, M., Vialle, J. P., Wang, L. Q., Wang, N. H., Wang, Q. L., Wang, X., Wang, X. Q., Wang, Z. X., Wei, C. C., Weng, Z. L., Whitman, K., Wu, H., Wu, X., Xiong, R. Q., Xu, W., Yan, Q., Yang, J., Yang, M., Yang, Y., Yi, H., Yu, Y. J., Yu, Z. Q., Zannoni, M., Zeissler, S., Zhang, C., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhang, J. H., Zhang, S. W., Zhang, Z., Zheng, Z. M., Zhuang, H. L., Zhukov, V., Zichichi, A., Zimmermann, N., Zuccon, P., and AMS Collaboration. Tue . "Observation of Fine Time Structures in the Cosmic Proton and Helium Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051101.
@article{osti_1462300,
title = {Observation of Fine Time Structures in the Cosmic Proton and Helium Fluxes with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station},
author = {Aguilar, M. and Ali Cavasonza, L. and Alpat, B. and Ambrosi, G. and Arruda, L. and Attig, N. and Aupetit, S. and Azzarello, P. and Bachlechner, A. and Barao, F. and Barrau, A. and Barrin, L. and Bartoloni, A. and Basara, L. and Başeğmez-du Pree, S. and Battarbee, M. and Battiston, R. and Becker, U. and Behlmann, M. and Beischer, B. and Berdugo, J. and Bertucci, B. and Bindel, K. F. and Bindi, V. and de Boer, W. and Bollweg, K. and Bonnivard, V. and Borgia, B. and Boschini, M. J. and Bourquin, M. and Bueno, E. F. and Burger, J. and Cadoux, F. and Cai, X. D. and Capell, M. and Caroff, S. and Casaus, J. and Castellini, G. and Cervelli, F. and Chae, M. J. and Chang, Y. H. and Chen, A. I. and Chen, G. M. and Chen, H. S. and Chen, Y. and Cheng, L. and Chou, H. Y. and Choumilov, E. and Choutko, V. and Chung, C. H. and Clark, C. and Clavero, R. and Coignet, G. and Consolandi, C. and Contin, A. and Corti, C. and Creus, W. and Crispoltoni, M. and Cui, Z. and Dadzie, K. and Dai, Y. M. and Datta, A. and Delgado, C. and Della Torre, S. and Demirköz, M. B. and Derome, L. and Di Falco, S. and Dimiccoli, F. and Díaz, C. and von Doetinchem, P. and Dong, F. and Donnini, F. and Duranti, M. and D’Urso, D. and Egorov, A. and Eline, A. and Eronen, T. and Feng, J. and Fiandrini, E. and Fisher, P. and Formato, V. and Galaktionov, Y. and Gallucci, G. and García-López, R. J. and Gargiulo, C. and Gast, H. and Gebauer, I. and Gervasi, M. and Ghelfi, A. and Giovacchini, F. and Gómez-Coral, D. M. and Gong, J. and Goy, C. and Grabski, V. and Grandi, D. and Graziani, M. and Guo, K. H. and Haino, S. and Han, K. C. and He, Z. H. and Heil, M. and Hoffman, J. and Hsieh, T. H. and Huang, H. and Huang, Z. C. and Huh, C. and Incagli, M. and Ionica, M. and Jang, W. Y. and Jia, Yi and Jinchi, H. and Kang, S. C. and Kanishev, K. and Khiali, B. and Kim, G. N. and Kim, K. S. and Kirn, Th. and Konak, C. and Kounina, O. and Kounine, A. and Koutsenko, V. and Kulemzin, A. and La Vacca, G. and Laudi, E. and Laurenti, G. and Lazzizzera, I. and Lebedev, A. and Lee, H. T. and Lee, S. C. and Leluc, C. and Li, H. S. and Li, J. Q. and Li, Q. and Li, T. X. and Li, Z. H. and Li, Z. Y. and Light, C. and Lim, S. and Lin, C. H. and Lipari, P. and Lippert, T. and Liu, D. and Liu, Hu and Lordello, V. D. and Lu, S. Q. and Lu, Y. S. and Luebelsmeyer, K. and Luo, F. and Luo, J. Z. and Luo, X. and Lyu, S. S. and Machate, F. and Mañá, C. and Marín, J. and Martin, T. and Martínez, G. and Masi, N. and Maurin, D. and Menchaca-Rocha, A. and Meng, Q. and Mikuni, V. M. and Mo, D. C. and Mott, P. and Nelson, T. and Ni, J. Q. and Nikonov, N. and Nozzoli, F. and Oliva, A. and Orcinha, M. and Palermo, M. and Palmonari, F. and Palomares, C. and Paniccia, M. and Pauluzzi, M. and Pensotti, S. and Perrina, C. and Phan, H. D. and Picot-Clemente, N. and Pilo, F. and Pizzolotto, C. and Plyaskin, V. and Pohl, M. and Poireau, V. and Popkow, A. and Quadrani, L. and Qi, X. M. and Qin, X. and Qu, Z. Y. and Räihä, T. and Rancoita, P. G. and Rapin, D. and Ricol, J. S. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rozhkov, A. and Rozza, D. and Sagdeev, R. and Schael, S. and Schmidt, S. M. and Schulz von Dratzig, A. and Schwering, G. and Seo, E. S. and Shan, B. S. and Shi, J. Y. and Siedenburg, T. and Son, D. and Song, J. W. and Tacconi, M. and Tang, X. W. and Tang, Z. C. and Tescaro, D. and Ting, Samuel C. C. and Ting, S. M. and Tomassetti, N. and Torsti, J. and Türkoğlu, C. and Urban, T. and Vagelli, V. and Valente, E. and Valtonen, E. and Vázquez Acosta, M. and Vecchi, M. and Velasco, M. and Vialle, J. P. and Wang, L. Q. and Wang, N. H. and Wang, Q. L. and Wang, X. and Wang, X. Q. and Wang, Z. X. and Wei, C. C. and Weng, Z. L. and Whitman, K. and Wu, H. and Wu, X. and Xiong, R. Q. and Xu, W. and Yan, Q. and Yang, J. and Yang, M. and Yang, Y. and Yi, H. and Yu, Y. J. and Yu, Z. Q. and Zannoni, M. and Zeissler, S. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, F. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, J. H. and Zhang, S. W. and Zhang, Z. and Zheng, Z. M. and Zhuang, H. L. and Zhukov, V. and Zichichi, A. and Zimmermann, N. and Zuccon, P. and AMS Collaboration},
abstractNote = {We present the precision measurement from May 2011 to May 2017 (79 Bartels rotations) of the proton fluxes at rigidities from 1 to 60 GV and the helium fluxes from 1.9 to 60 GV based on a total of 1 × 10 9 events collected with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer aboard the International Space Station. This measurement is in solar cycle 24, which has the solar maximum in April 2014. We observed that, below 40 GV, the proton flux and the helium flux show nearly identical fine structures in both time and relative amplitude. The amplitudes of the flux structures decrease with increasing rigidity and vanish above 40 GV. The amplitudes of the structures are reduced during the time period, which started one year after solar maximum, when the proton and helium fluxes steadily increase. Above ~ 3 GV the $p$/He flux ratio is time independent. We observed that below ~ 3 GV the ratio has a long-term decrease coinciding with the period during which the fluxes start to rise.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051101},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.051101

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Dark matter searches with cosmic antideuterons: status and perspectives
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The passage of energetic charged particles through interplanetary space
journal, January 1965


The role of merged interaction regions and drafts in the heliospheric modulation of cosmic rays beyond 20 AU - A computer simulation
journal, January 1993

  • Potgieter, M. S.; Le Roux, J. A.; Burlaga, L. F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 403
  • DOI: 10.1086/172247

Solar Modulation of Cosmic Rays
journal, January 2013


The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
journal, October 2013


SOLAR MODULATION OF THE LOCAL INTERSTELLAR SPECTRUM WITH VOYAGER 1 , AMS-02, PAMELA , AND BESS
journal, September 2016


Cosmic-ray modulation, merged interaction regions, and multifractals
journal, April 1993

  • Burlaga, L. F.; Perko, J.; Pirraglia, J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 407
  • DOI: 10.1086/172517

Antiproton constraints on the GeV gamma-ray excess: a comprehensive analysis
journal, December 2014

  • Cirelli, Marco; Gaggero, Daniele; Giesen, Gaëlle
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/12/045

International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the eleventh generation: IGRF-11
journal, October 2010


Solar modulation and nuclear fragmentation effects in galactic cosmic ray transport through shielding
journal, October 1994


GALACTIC COSMIC RAYS IN THE LOCAL INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM: VOYAGER 1 OBSERVATIONS AND MODEL RESULTS
journal, October 2016


The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
journal, August 2012


Geant4 developments and applications
journal, February 2006

  • Allison, J.; Amako, K.; Apostolakis, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2006.869826

New Modeling of Galactic Proton Modulation During the Minimum of Solar Cycle 23/24
journal, December 2015


Constraints on particle dark matter from cosmic-ray antiprotons
journal, April 2014


Badhwar–O'Neill 2010 Galactic Cosmic Ray Flux Model—Revised
journal, December 2010


The internal alignment and position resolution of the AMS-02 silicon tracker determined with cosmic-ray muons
journal, February 2010

  • Alpat, B.; Ambrosi, G.; Azzarello, Ph.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 613, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.11.065

Upgrade of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-02) for long term operation on the International Space Station (ISS)
journal, October 2011

  • Lübelsmeyer, K.; Schultz von Dratzig, A.; Wlochal, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 654, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.06.051

Evidence for a Time Lag in Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays
journal, November 2017

  • Tomassetti, Nicola; Orcinha, Miguel; Barão, Fernando
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 849, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9373

Solar cycle modulation of galactic cosmic rays: Speculation on the role of coronal transients
journal, January 1981

  • Newkirk, Gordon; Hundhausen, A. J.; Pizzo, V.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 86, Issue A7
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA086iA07p05387

Systematic study of the uncertainties in fitting the cosmic positron data by AMS-02
journal, March 2015


Solar and nuclear physics uncertainties in cosmic-ray propagation
journal, November 2017


Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Leptons in near earth orbit
journal, June 2000


International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the 12th generation
journal, May 2015

  • Thébault, Erwan; Finlay, Christopher C.; Beggan, Ciarán D.
  • Earth, Planets and Space, Vol. 67, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/s40623-015-0228-9

Low-Energy Cosmic-Ray Modulation Related to Observed Interplanetary Magnetic Field Irregularities
journal, July 1966


The Solar Cycle
journal, September 2015

  • Hathaway, David H.
  • Living Reviews in Solar Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/lrsp-2015-4

A predictive analytic model for the solar modulation of cosmic rays
journal, February 2016


Propagation of cosmic rays in heliosphere: The HelMod model
journal, November 2018


Calibration and performance of the AMS-02 time of flight detector in space
journal, April 2014

  • Bindi, V.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 743
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.01.002

On Polar Magnetic Field Reversal and Surface flux Transport During Solar Cycle 24
journal, January 2015


Solution of Heliospheric Propagation: Unveiling the Local Interstellar Spectra of Cosmic-ray Species
journal, May 2017

  • Boschini, M. J.; Torre, S. Della; Gervasi, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 840, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa6e4f

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The Solar Cycle
    journal, September 2015

    • Hathaway, David H.
    • Living Reviews in Solar Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1007/lrsp-2015-4

    The passage of energetic charged particles through interplanetary space
    journal, January 1965


    Solar modulation and nuclear fragmentation effects in galactic cosmic ray transport through shielding
    journal, October 1994


    Propagation of cosmic rays in heliosphere: The HelMod model
    journal, November 2018


    The antimatter spectrometer (AMS-02): A particle physics detector in space
    journal, April 2008

    • Battiston, Roberto
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 588, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.01.044

    The internal alignment and position resolution of the AMS-02 silicon tracker determined with cosmic-ray muons
    journal, February 2010

    • Alpat, B.; Ambrosi, G.; Azzarello, Ph.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 613, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.11.065

    Upgrade of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-02) for long term operation on the International Space Station (ISS)
    journal, October 2011

    • Lübelsmeyer, K.; Schultz von Dratzig, A.; Wlochal, M.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 654, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.06.051

    Calibration and performance of the AMS-02 time of flight detector in space
    journal, April 2014

    • Bindi, V.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 743
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.01.002

    Recent developments in Geant4
    journal, November 2016

    • Allison, J.; Amako, K.; Apostolakis, J.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 835
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.06.125

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
    journal, October 2013


    Astroparticle Physiscs with AMS02
    conference, January 2010

    • Incagli, Marco; Cecchi, Claudia; Ciprini, Stefano
    • SCIENCE WITH THE NEW GENERATION OF HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY EXPERIMENTS: Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Gamma-Ray Physics in the LHC Era, AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3395995

    The role of merged interaction regions and drafts in the heliospheric modulation of cosmic rays beyond 20 AU - A computer simulation
    journal, January 1993

    • Potgieter, M. S.; Le Roux, J. A.; Burlaga, L. F.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 403
    • DOI: 10.1086/172247

    Cosmic-ray modulation, merged interaction regions, and multifractals
    journal, April 1993

    • Burlaga, L. F.; Perko, J.; Pirraglia, J.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 407
    • DOI: 10.1086/172517

    Dark matter searches with cosmic antideuterons: status and perspectives
    journal, September 2013


    Constraints on particle dark matter from cosmic-ray antiprotons
    journal, April 2014


    Antiproton constraints on the GeV gamma-ray excess: a comprehensive analysis
    journal, December 2014

    • Cirelli, Marco; Gaggero, Daniele; Giesen, Gaëlle
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/12/045

    Systematic study of the uncertainties in fitting the cosmic positron data by AMS-02
    journal, March 2015


    International Geomagnetic Reference Field: the 12th generation
    journal, May 2015

    • Thébault, Erwan; Finlay, Christopher C.; Beggan, Ciarán D.
    • Earth, Planets and Space, Vol. 67, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1186/s40623-015-0228-9

    Solar Modulation of Cosmic Rays
    journal, January 2013


    Solution of Heliospheric Propagation: Unveiling the Local Interstellar Spectra of Cosmic-ray Species
    journal, May 2017

    • Boschini, M. J.; Torre, S. Della; Gervasi, M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 840, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa6e4f

    Evidence for a Time Lag in Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays
    journal, November 2017

    • Tomassetti, Nicola; Orcinha, Miguel; Barão, Fernando
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 849, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9373