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Title: Unusual electronic and vibrational properties in the colossal thermopower material FeSb 2

The iron antimonide FeSb 2 possesses an extraordinarily high thermoelectric power factor at low temperature, making it a leading candidate for cryogenic thermoelectric cooling devices. However, the origin of this unusual behavior is controversial, having been variously attributed to electronic correlations as well as the phonon-drag effect. The optical proper- ties of a material provide information on both the electronic and vibrational properties. The optical conductivity reveals an anisotropic response at room temperature; the low-frequency optical conductivity decreases rapidly with temperature, signalling a metal-insulator transition. One-dimensional semiconducting behavior is observed along the b axis at low temperature, in agreement with first-principle calculations. Here, the infrared-active lattice vibrations are also symmetric and extremely narrow, indicating long phonon relaxation times and a lack of electron-phonon coupling.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-207909-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
1462129
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1462421

Homes, Christopher C., Du, Q., Petrovic, C., Brito, W. H., Choi, S., and Kotliar, G.. Unusual electronic and vibrational properties in the colossal thermopower material FeSb2. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29909-2.
Homes, Christopher C., Du, Q., Petrovic, C., Brito, W. H., Choi, S., & Kotliar, G.. Unusual electronic and vibrational properties in the colossal thermopower material FeSb2. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29909-2.
Homes, Christopher C., Du, Q., Petrovic, C., Brito, W. H., Choi, S., and Kotliar, G.. 2018. "Unusual electronic and vibrational properties in the colossal thermopower material FeSb2". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29909-2.
@article{osti_1462129,
title = {Unusual electronic and vibrational properties in the colossal thermopower material FeSb2},
author = {Homes, Christopher C. and Du, Q. and Petrovic, C. and Brito, W. H. and Choi, S. and Kotliar, G.},
abstractNote = {The iron antimonide FeSb2 possesses an extraordinarily high thermoelectric power factor at low temperature, making it a leading candidate for cryogenic thermoelectric cooling devices. However, the origin of this unusual behavior is controversial, having been variously attributed to electronic correlations as well as the phonon-drag effect. The optical proper- ties of a material provide information on both the electronic and vibrational properties. The optical conductivity reveals an anisotropic response at room temperature; the low-frequency optical conductivity decreases rapidly with temperature, signalling a metal-insulator transition. One-dimensional semiconducting behavior is observed along the b axis at low temperature, in agreement with first-principle calculations. Here, the infrared-active lattice vibrations are also symmetric and extremely narrow, indicating long phonon relaxation times and a lack of electron-phonon coupling.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-29909-2},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Thermoelectric figure of merit of a one-dimensional conductor
journal, June 1993