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Title: A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank

Abstract

Stratigraphic accretion of dormant propagules in soil can result in natural archives useful for studying ecological and evolutionary responses to environmental change. Few attempts have been made, however, to use soil-stored seed banks as natural archives, in part because of concerns over nonrandom attrition and mixed stratification. Here, we examine the persistent seed bank of Schoenoplectus americanus, a foundational brackish marsh sedge, to determine whether it can serve as a resource for reconstructing historical records of demographic and population genetic variation. After assembling profiles of the seed bank from radionuclide-dated soil cores, we germinated seeds to “resurrect” cohorts spanning the 20th century. Using microsatellite markers, we assessed genetic diversity and differentiation among depth cohorts, drawing comparisons to extant plants at the study site and in nearby and more distant marshes. We found that seed density peaked at intermediate soil depths. We also detected genotypic differences among cohorts as well as between cohorts and extant plants. Genetic diversity did not decline with depth, indicating that the observed pattern of differentiation is not due to attrition. Patterns of differentiation within and among extant marshes also suggest that local populations persist as aggregates of small clones, likely reflecting repeated seedling recruitment and lowmore » immigration from admixed regional gene pools. These findings indicate that persistent and stratified soil-stored seed banks merit further consideration as resources for reconstructing decadal-to century-long records that can lend insight into the tempo and nature of ecological and evolutionary processes that shape populations over time.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States). Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
  2. Florida International University, Miami (United States). Southeast Environmental Research Center
  3. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States). Department of Biological Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1462116
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1462118; OSTI ID: 1483481
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008339
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Evolutionary Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1752-4571
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; climate change; coastal marsh; resurrection ecology; Schoenoplectus americanus; Scirpus olneyi; sedge

Citation Formats

Summers, Jennifer L., Bernik, Brittany, Saunders, Colin J., McLachlan, Jason S., and Blum, Michael J. A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1111/eva.12675.
Summers, Jennifer L., Bernik, Brittany, Saunders, Colin J., McLachlan, Jason S., & Blum, Michael J. A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank. United States. doi:10.1111/eva.12675.
Summers, Jennifer L., Bernik, Brittany, Saunders, Colin J., McLachlan, Jason S., and Blum, Michael J. Sat . "A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank". United States. doi:10.1111/eva.12675.
@article{osti_1462116,
title = {A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank},
author = {Summers, Jennifer L. and Bernik, Brittany and Saunders, Colin J. and McLachlan, Jason S. and Blum, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {Stratigraphic accretion of dormant propagules in soil can result in natural archives useful for studying ecological and evolutionary responses to environmental change. Few attempts have been made, however, to use soil-stored seed banks as natural archives, in part because of concerns over nonrandom attrition and mixed stratification. Here, we examine the persistent seed bank of Schoenoplectus americanus, a foundational brackish marsh sedge, to determine whether it can serve as a resource for reconstructing historical records of demographic and population genetic variation. After assembling profiles of the seed bank from radionuclide-dated soil cores, we germinated seeds to “resurrect” cohorts spanning the 20th century. Using microsatellite markers, we assessed genetic diversity and differentiation among depth cohorts, drawing comparisons to extant plants at the study site and in nearby and more distant marshes. We found that seed density peaked at intermediate soil depths. We also detected genotypic differences among cohorts as well as between cohorts and extant plants. Genetic diversity did not decline with depth, indicating that the observed pattern of differentiation is not due to attrition. Patterns of differentiation within and among extant marshes also suggest that local populations persist as aggregates of small clones, likely reflecting repeated seedling recruitment and low immigration from admixed regional gene pools. These findings indicate that persistent and stratified soil-stored seed banks merit further consideration as resources for reconstructing decadal-to century-long records that can lend insight into the tempo and nature of ecological and evolutionary processes that shape populations over time.},
doi = {10.1111/eva.12675},
journal = {Evolutionary Applications},
number = 9,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1111/eva.12675

Figures / Tables:

TABLE 1 TABLE 1: Recovery and germination of seeds from Kirkpatrick Marshsoil cores

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Data from: A century of genetic variation inferred from a persistent soil-stored seed bank
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Exploring the impact of multidecadal environmental changes on the population genetic structure of a marine primary producer
    journal, March 2017

    • Lundholm, Nina; Ribeiro, Sofia; Godhe, Anna
    • Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 7, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2906

    Allometry data and equations for coastal marsh plants
    journal, December 2016

    • Lu, Meng; Caplan, Joshua S.; Bakker, Jonathan D.
    • Ecology, Vol. 97, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1600

    Seed bank of a Freshwater Tidal Wetland: Turnover and Relationship to Vegetation Change
    journal, March 1987


    Hybridization between Schoenoplectus sedges across Chesapeake Bay marshes
    journal, April 2010


    Comparison of Belowground Biomass in C3- and C4-Dominated Mixed Communities in a Chesapeake Bay Brackish Marsh
    journal, February 2006

    • Saunders, Colin J.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Reynolds, James F.
    • Plant and Soil, Vol. 280, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11104-005-3275-3

    Temporal genetic and spatial pattern variations within and among Anastatica hierochuntica populations
    journal, December 2013


    Brackish Marsh Plant Community Responses to Regional Precipitation and Relative sea-Level Rise
    journal, April 2016


    Comparison of genetic variation between the seed bank and above ground vegetation of a wetland species
    journal, October 2014


    Optically stimulated luminescence dating of young estuarine sediments: a comparison with 210Pb and 137Cs dating
    journal, January 2005


    A Comparison of late Quaternary Forest Changes in New Caledonia and Northeastern Australia
    journal, November 2005


    High resolution of human evolutionary trees with polymorphic microsatellites
    journal, March 1994

    • Bowcock, A. M.; Ruiz-Linares, A.; Tomfohrde, J.
    • Nature, Vol. 368, Issue 6470
    • DOI: 10.1038/368455a0

    Rapid evolution revealed by dormant eggs
    journal, September 1999

    • Hairston, Nelson G.; Lampert, Winfried; Cáceres, Carla E.
    • Nature, Vol. 401, Issue 6752
    • DOI: 10.1038/46731

    Ecosystem response to elevated CO2 levels limited by nitrogen-induced plant species shift
    journal, July 2010

    • Langley, J. Adam; Megonigal, J. Patrick
    • Nature, Vol. 466, Issue 7302
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature09176

    The demographic role of soil seed banks. II. Investigations of the fate of experimental seeds of the desert mustard Lesquerella fendleri
    journal, April 2000


    microsatellite analyser (MSA): a platform independent analysis tool for large microsatellite data sets : PROGRAM NOTE
    journal, January 2003


    Rapid evolution of flowering time by an annual plant in response to a climate fluctuation
    journal, January 2007

    • Franks, S. J.; Sim, S.; Weis, A. E.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 104, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0608379104

    The impact of human-made ecological changes on the genetic architecture of Daphnia species
    journal, March 2009

    • Brede, N.; Sandrock, C.; Straile, D.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0807187106

    Elevated CO2 stimulates marsh elevation gain, counterbalancing sea-level rise
    journal, March 2009

    • Langley, J. A.; McKee, K. L.; Cahoon, D. R.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0807695106

    Hundred years of genetic structure in a sediment revived diatom population
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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.