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Title: Fermi-LAT Observations of LIGO/Virgo Event GW170817

We present the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) observations of the binary neutron star merger event GW170817 and the associated short gamma-ray burst (SGRB) GRB 170817A detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor. The LAT was entering the South Atlantic Anomaly at the time of the LIGO/Virgo trigger (t GW) and therefore cannot place constraints on the existence of high-energy (E > 100 MeV) emission associated with the moment of binary coalescence. We focus instead on constraining high-energy emission on longer timescales. No candidate electromagnetic counterpart was detected by the LAT on timescales of minutes, hours, or days after the LIGO/Virgo detection. The resulting flux upper bound (at 95% C.L.) from the LAT is 4.5 × 10 -10 erg cm -2 s -1 in the 0.1–1 GeV range covering a period from t GW + 1153 s to t GW + 2027 s. At the distance of GRB 170817A, this flux upper bound corresponds to a luminosity upper bound of 9.7 × 10 43 erg s -1, which is five orders of magnitude less luminous than the only other LAT SGRB with known redshift, GRB 090510. We also discuss the prospects for LAT detection of electromagnetic counterparts to future gravitational-wavemore » events from Advanced LIGO/Virgo in the context of GW170817/GRB 170817A.« less
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 861; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray burst; gamma rays; gravitational waves
OSTI Identifier:
1461814

Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Costantin, D., Cuoco, A., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Palma, F. de, Lalla, N. Di, Mauro, M. Di, Venere, L. Di, Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Gill, R., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Granot, J., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Horan, D., Imazato, F., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Magill, J. D., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Ojha, R., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Palatiello, M., Paliya, V. S., Paneque, D., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Petrosian, V., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Ryde, F., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, M., Tak, D., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Valverde, J., Venters, T. M., Vianello, G., Wood, K., Yang, C., and Zaharijas, G.. Fermi-LAT Observations of LIGO/Virgo Event GW170817. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac515.
Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Costantin, D., Cuoco, A., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Palma, F. de, Lalla, N. Di, Mauro, M. Di, Venere, L. Di, Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Gill, R., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Granot, J., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Horan, D., Imazato, F., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Magill, J. D., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Ojha, R., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Palatiello, M., Paliya, V. S., Paneque, D., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Petrosian, V., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Ryde, F., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, M., Tak, D., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Valverde, J., Venters, T. M., Vianello, G., Wood, K., Yang, C., & Zaharijas, G.. Fermi-LAT Observations of LIGO/Virgo Event GW170817. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac515.
Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Costantin, D., Cuoco, A., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Palma, F. de, Lalla, N. Di, Mauro, M. Di, Venere, L. Di, Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Gill, R., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Granot, J., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Horan, D., Imazato, F., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Magill, J. D., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Ojha, R., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Palatiello, M., Paliya, V. S., Paneque, D., Persic, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Petrosian, V., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Ryde, F., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, M., Tak, D., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Valverde, J., Venters, T. M., Vianello, G., Wood, K., Yang, C., and Zaharijas, G.. 2018. "Fermi-LAT Observations of LIGO/Virgo Event GW170817". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac515. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1461814.
@article{osti_1461814,
title = {Fermi-LAT Observations of LIGO/Virgo Event GW170817},
author = {Ajello, M. and Allafort, A. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Barbiellini, G. and Baring, M. G. and Bastieri, D. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Bissaldi, E. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonino, R. and Bottacini, E. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Burnett, T. H. and Buson, S. and Cameron, R. A. and Caputo, R. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Cominsky, L. R. and Costantin, D. and Cuoco, A. and Cutini, S. and D’Ammando, F. and Palma, F. de and Lalla, N. Di and Mauro, M. Di and Venere, L. Di and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Favuzzi, C. and Ferrara, E. C. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Giglietto, N. and Gill, R. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Granot, J. and Green, D. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Harding, A. K. and Hays, E. and Horan, D. and Imazato, F. and Jóhannesson, G. and Kamae, T. and Kensei, S. and Kocevski, D. and Kuss, M. and Mura, G. La and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Li, J. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Magill, J. D. and Maldera, S. and Manfreda, A. and Mazziotta, M. N. and Michelson, P. F. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monzani, M. E. and Moretti, E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Negro, M. and Nuss, E. and Ojha, R. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Palatiello, M. and Paliya, V. S. and Paneque, D. and Persic, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Petrosian, V. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Principe, G. and Racusin, J. L. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Razzaque, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Ritz, S. and Rochester, L. S. and Ryde, F. and Parkinson, P. M. Saz and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Spada, F. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Suson, D. J. and Tajima, H. and Takahashi, M. and Tak, D. and Thayer, J. G. and Thayer, J. B. and Torres, D. F. and Torresi, E. and Tosti, G. and Troja, E. and Valverde, J. and Venters, T. M. and Vianello, G. and Wood, K. and Yang, C. and Zaharijas, G.},
abstractNote = {We present the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) observations of the binary neutron star merger event GW170817 and the associated short gamma-ray burst (SGRB) GRB 170817A detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor. The LAT was entering the South Atlantic Anomaly at the time of the LIGO/Virgo trigger (t GW) and therefore cannot place constraints on the existence of high-energy (E > 100 MeV) emission associated with the moment of binary coalescence. We focus instead on constraining high-energy emission on longer timescales. No candidate electromagnetic counterpart was detected by the LAT on timescales of minutes, hours, or days after the LIGO/Virgo detection. The resulting flux upper bound (at 95% C.L.) from the LAT is 4.5 × 10-10 erg cm-2 s-1 in the 0.1–1 GeV range covering a period from t GW + 1153 s to t GW + 2027 s. At the distance of GRB 170817A, this flux upper bound corresponds to a luminosity upper bound of 9.7 × 1043 erg s-1, which is five orders of magnitude less luminous than the only other LAT SGRB with known redshift, GRB 090510. We also discuss the prospects for LAT detection of electromagnetic counterparts to future gravitational-wave events from Advanced LIGO/Virgo in the context of GW170817/GRB 170817A.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aac515},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 861,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}