skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

This content will become publicly available on November 8, 2018

Title: Cluster-Expansion Model for Complex Quinary Alloys: Application to Alnico Permanent Magnets

An accurate and transferable cluster-expansion model for complex quinary alloys is developed. Lattice Monte Carlo simulation enabled by this cluster-expansion model is used to investigate temperature-dependent atomic structure of alnico alloys, which are considered as promising high-performance non-rare-earth permanent-magnet materials for high-temperature applications. The results of the Monte Carlo simulations are consistent with available experimental data and provide useful insights into phase decomposition, selection, and chemical ordering in alnico. The simulations also reveal a previously unrecognized D0 3 alloy phase. This phase is very rich in Ni and exhibits very weak magnetization. In conclusion, manipulating the size and location of this phase provides a possible route to improve the magnetic properties of alnico, especially coercivity.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9496
Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019; PRAHB2
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1461654
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1408065