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Title: Initiation and sustainment of tokamak plasmas with local helicity injection as the majority current drive

Local helicity injection (LHI) is a non-solenoidal current drive capable of achieving high- I p tokamak startup with non-invasive current injectors in the plasma scrape-off layer. The choice of injector location within the edge region is flexible but has a profound influence on the nature of the current drive in LHI discharges. New experiments on the Pegasus ST with injection in the high-field-side, lower divertor region produce plasmas dominated by helicity injection current drive, static plasma geometry, and negligible inductive drive. Peak plasma current up to 200 kA, and a sustained plasma current of 100 kA for up to 18 ms, is demonstrated. Maximum achievable plasma current is found to scale approximately linearly with the effective loop voltage from LHI. A newly-observed MHD regime for LHI-driven plasmas in which large-amplitude n = 1 fluctuations at 20–50 kHz are abruptly reduced on the outboard side results in improved current drive. In conclusion, a simultaneous increase in high frequency fluctuations (>400 kHz) inside the plasma edge suggests short wavelength turbulence as an important current drive mechanism during LHI.
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  1. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-96ER54375; SC0006928
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 9; Related Information: J.M. Perry, G.M. Bodner, M.W. Bongard, M.G. Burke, R.J. Fonck, J.L. Pachicano, C. Pierren, J.A. Reusch, A.T. Rhodes, N.J. Richner, C. Rodriguez Sanchez, C.E. Schaefer, and J.D. Weberski, "Public Data Set: Initiation and Sustainment of Tokamak Plasmas with Local Helicity Injection as the Majority Current Drive," DOI: 10.18138/1419641; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
IOP Science
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; tokamak; non-inductive current drive; magnetic helicity; helicity injection; spherical tokamak
OSTI Identifier: