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Title: Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity

Abstract

Traditional polymers are both electrically and thermally insulating. The development of electrically conductive polymers has led to novel applications such as flexible displays, solar cells, and wearable biosensors. As in the case of electrically conductive polymers, the development of polymers with high thermal conductivity would open up a range of applications in next-generation electronic, optoelectronic, and energy devices. Current research has so far been limited to engineering polymers either by strong intramolecular interactions, which enable efficient phonon transport along the polymer chains, or by strong intermolecular interactions, which enable efficient phonon transport between the polymer chains. However, it has not been possible until now to engineer both interactions simultaneously. We report the first realization of high thermal conductivity in the thin film of a conjugated polymer, poly(3-hexylthiophene), via bottom-up oxidative chemical vapor deposition (oCVD), taking advantage of both strong C=C covalent bonding along the extended polymer chain and strong pi-pi stacking noncovalent interactions between chains. We confirm the presence of both types of interactions by systematic structural characterization, achieving a near-room temperature thermal conductivity of 2.2 W/m.K, which is 10 times higher than that of conventional polymers. In conclusion, with the solvent-free oCVD technique, it is now possible to growmore » polymer films conformally on a variety of substrates as lightweight, flexible heat conductors that are also electrically insulating and resistant to corrosion.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1461445
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1594065
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; FG02-02ER45977
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Xu, Yanfei, Wang, Xiaoxue, Zhou, Jiawei, Song, Bai, Jiang, Zhang, Lee, Elizabeth M. Y., Huberman, Samuel, Gleason, Karen K., and Chen, Gang. Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aar3031.
Xu, Yanfei, Wang, Xiaoxue, Zhou, Jiawei, Song, Bai, Jiang, Zhang, Lee, Elizabeth M. Y., Huberman, Samuel, Gleason, Karen K., & Chen, Gang. Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aar3031.
Xu, Yanfei, Wang, Xiaoxue, Zhou, Jiawei, Song, Bai, Jiang, Zhang, Lee, Elizabeth M. Y., Huberman, Samuel, Gleason, Karen K., and Chen, Gang. Fri . "Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aar3031. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1461445.
@article{osti_1461445,
title = {Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity},
author = {Xu, Yanfei and Wang, Xiaoxue and Zhou, Jiawei and Song, Bai and Jiang, Zhang and Lee, Elizabeth M. Y. and Huberman, Samuel and Gleason, Karen K. and Chen, Gang},
abstractNote = {Traditional polymers are both electrically and thermally insulating. The development of electrically conductive polymers has led to novel applications such as flexible displays, solar cells, and wearable biosensors. As in the case of electrically conductive polymers, the development of polymers with high thermal conductivity would open up a range of applications in next-generation electronic, optoelectronic, and energy devices. Current research has so far been limited to engineering polymers either by strong intramolecular interactions, which enable efficient phonon transport along the polymer chains, or by strong intermolecular interactions, which enable efficient phonon transport between the polymer chains. However, it has not been possible until now to engineer both interactions simultaneously. We report the first realization of high thermal conductivity in the thin film of a conjugated polymer, poly(3-hexylthiophene), via bottom-up oxidative chemical vapor deposition (oCVD), taking advantage of both strong C=C covalent bonding along the extended polymer chain and strong pi-pi stacking noncovalent interactions between chains. We confirm the presence of both types of interactions by systematic structural characterization, achieving a near-room temperature thermal conductivity of 2.2 W/m.K, which is 10 times higher than that of conventional polymers. In conclusion, with the solvent-free oCVD technique, it is now possible to grow polymer films conformally on a variety of substrates as lightweight, flexible heat conductors that are also electrically insulating and resistant to corrosion.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.aar3031},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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