skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on July 13, 2019

Title: Three-dimensional simulations of oblique asteroid impacts into water

Waves generated by impacts into oceans may represent the most significant danger from near-earth asteroids and comets. For impacts near populated shores, the crown splash and subsequent waves, accompanied by sediment lofting and high winds, are more damaging than storm surges from the strongest hurricanes. Asteroids less than 500 m in diameter, impacting deep water far from shores, produce waves that may be detectable over large distances, but are probably not significantly dangerous. Here, we present new three-dimensional simulations of oblique impacts into deep water, with trajectory angles ranging from 27° to 60° (where 90° is vertical). These simulations are performed with the Los Alamos Rage hydrocode, and include atmospheric effects including ablation and airbursts. These oblique impact simulations are specifically performed in order to help determine whether there are additional dangers from the obliquity of impact not covered by previous two-dimensional studies. Water surface elevation profiles, surface pressures, and depth-averaged mass fluxes within the water are prepared for use in propagation studies
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2468-8967
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; NNH14ZDA001N-SSO
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Space Safety Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Space Safety Engineering; Journal ID: ISSN 2468-8967
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; Asteroid ocean impacts; Hydrocode simulations; Impact wave generation
OSTI Identifier: