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Title: A new developed in-between shots lithium evaporation coating system for improving plasma performance in EAST

Abstract

A new in-between shots evaporative lithium coating system has been successfully developed and implemented on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) for the 2017 campaign. This paper describes a novel technique for the introduction of lithium into the EAST vessel allowing evaporative coatings to be applied between discharges without requiring a significant amount of time to insert and retract the lithium source. This newly designed system utilizes a rotating axis driven by a vacuum dynamic sealing feedthough under remote control to open and close a shutter. A compression bellows, which drives the delivery tube, guarantees accurate position of the oven thus avoiding possible direct contact with the plasma. This allows the new evaporation system to be operated in two distinct modes. One mode is operated in-between shots to refresh pre-coated lithium film, the other is a real-time lithium vapor injection during plasma operations to provide active wall conditioning during long pulse plasma discharges. In this paper, operation of this new lithium deposition system in the in-between shots replenishment mode is described. Initial experiments show that this system worked well during the interval of discharges in EAST, and the in-between shots lithium coating effectively reduced the wall recycling and impurity concentrations.more » Furthermore, the application of fresh lithium coating lead to sustain the plasma stored energy and confinement, as well as a reduction of impurity radiation.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [3]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (China); Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (China); CAS Key Lab of Photovoltaic and Energy Conservation Materials, Hefei (China)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (China)
  4. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
  5. Hunan Univ., Changsha (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1461184
Grant/Contract Number:  
2017YFA0402500; 11625524; 11605246; 11775261; 11261140328
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fusion Engineering and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 133; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-3796
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Lithium; In-between shots; Plasma; EAST

Citation Formats

Xu, W., Hu, J. S., Zuo, G. Z., Sun, Z., Lunsford, R., Meng, X. C., and Huang, M. A new developed in-between shots lithium evaporation coating system for improving plasma performance in EAST. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.05.061.
Xu, W., Hu, J. S., Zuo, G. Z., Sun, Z., Lunsford, R., Meng, X. C., & Huang, M. A new developed in-between shots lithium evaporation coating system for improving plasma performance in EAST. United States. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.05.061.
Xu, W., Hu, J. S., Zuo, G. Z., Sun, Z., Lunsford, R., Meng, X. C., and Huang, M. Tue . "A new developed in-between shots lithium evaporation coating system for improving plasma performance in EAST". United States. doi:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.05.061. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1461184.
@article{osti_1461184,
title = {A new developed in-between shots lithium evaporation coating system for improving plasma performance in EAST},
author = {Xu, W. and Hu, J. S. and Zuo, G. Z. and Sun, Z. and Lunsford, R. and Meng, X. C. and Huang, M.},
abstractNote = {A new in-between shots evaporative lithium coating system has been successfully developed and implemented on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) for the 2017 campaign. This paper describes a novel technique for the introduction of lithium into the EAST vessel allowing evaporative coatings to be applied between discharges without requiring a significant amount of time to insert and retract the lithium source. This newly designed system utilizes a rotating axis driven by a vacuum dynamic sealing feedthough under remote control to open and close a shutter. A compression bellows, which drives the delivery tube, guarantees accurate position of the oven thus avoiding possible direct contact with the plasma. This allows the new evaporation system to be operated in two distinct modes. One mode is operated in-between shots to refresh pre-coated lithium film, the other is a real-time lithium vapor injection during plasma operations to provide active wall conditioning during long pulse plasma discharges. In this paper, operation of this new lithium deposition system in the in-between shots replenishment mode is described. Initial experiments show that this system worked well during the interval of discharges in EAST, and the in-between shots lithium coating effectively reduced the wall recycling and impurity concentrations. Furthermore, the application of fresh lithium coating lead to sustain the plasma stored energy and confinement, as well as a reduction of impurity radiation.},
doi = {10.1016/j.fusengdes.2018.05.061},
journal = {Fusion Engineering and Design},
number = C,
volume = 133,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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