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Title: A review of advances in pixel detectors for experiments with high rate and radiation

Abstract

The large Hadron collider (LHC) experiments ATLAS and CMS have established hybrid pixel detectors as the instrument of choice for particle tracking and vertexing in high rate and radiation environments, as they operate close to the LHC interaction points. With the high luminosity-LHC upgrade now in sight, for which the tracking detectors will be completely replaced, new generations of pixel detectors are being devised. They have to address enormous challenges in terms of data throughput and radiation levels, ionizing and non-ionizing, that harm the sensing and readout parts of pixel detectors alike. Advances in microelectronics and microprocessing technologies now enable large scale detector designs with unprecedented performance in measurement precision (space and time), radiation hard sensors and readout chips, hybridization techniques, lightweight supports, and fully monolithic approaches to meet these challenges. In conclusion, this paper reviews the world-wide effort on these developments.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Bonn, Bonn (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1461156
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reports on Progress in Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 81; Journal Issue: 6; Related Information: © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-4885
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; pixel detectors; semiconductor detectors; tracking detectors; radiation damage; radiation hard CMOS sensors; hybrid pixels; high energy physics

Citation Formats

Garcia-Sciveres, Maurice, and Wermes, Norbert. A review of advances in pixel detectors for experiments with high rate and radiation. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6633/aab064.
Garcia-Sciveres, Maurice, & Wermes, Norbert. A review of advances in pixel detectors for experiments with high rate and radiation. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6633/aab064
Garcia-Sciveres, Maurice, and Wermes, Norbert. Tue . "A review of advances in pixel detectors for experiments with high rate and radiation". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6633/aab064. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1461156.
@article{osti_1461156,
title = {A review of advances in pixel detectors for experiments with high rate and radiation},
author = {Garcia-Sciveres, Maurice and Wermes, Norbert},
abstractNote = {The large Hadron collider (LHC) experiments ATLAS and CMS have established hybrid pixel detectors as the instrument of choice for particle tracking and vertexing in high rate and radiation environments, as they operate close to the LHC interaction points. With the high luminosity-LHC upgrade now in sight, for which the tracking detectors will be completely replaced, new generations of pixel detectors are being devised. They have to address enormous challenges in terms of data throughput and radiation levels, ionizing and non-ionizing, that harm the sensing and readout parts of pixel detectors alike. Advances in microelectronics and microprocessing technologies now enable large scale detector designs with unprecedented performance in measurement precision (space and time), radiation hard sensors and readout chips, hybridization techniques, lightweight supports, and fully monolithic approaches to meet these challenges. In conclusion, this paper reviews the world-wide effort on these developments.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6633/aab064},
journal = {Reports on Progress in Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 81,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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Figure 1 Figure 1: Pixel hit clusters for tracks under different incident angles.

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  • Hemperek, Tomasz; Kishishita, Tetsuichi; Krüger, Hans
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 796
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.02.052

Radiation hardness of a 180nm SOI monolithic active pixel sensor
journal, October 2015

  • Fernandez-Perez, S.; Backhaus, M.; Pernegger, H.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 796
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.02.066

First tests of a novel radiation hard CMOS sensor process for Depleted Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors
journal, June 2017


Monolithic active pixel sensor development for the upgrade of the ALICE inner tracking system
journal, December 2013


A novel source–drain follower for monolithic active pixel sensors
journal, September 2016

  • Gao, C.; Aglieri, G.; Hillemanns, H.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 831
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.03.074

Experience on 3D silicon sensors for ATLAS IBL
journal, May 2015


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