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Title: Instrumentation and Control Selection for the 12 GeV Hall-B Magnets at Jefferson Lab

Here, as part of the Jefferson Lab 12 GeV accelerator upgrade, the Experimental Physics Hall B detector system requires two superconducting magnets – a Torus and a Solenoid. The specifications required maximum space for the detectors which led to the choice of conduction cooling for each magnet. The Torus consists of 6 trapezoidal 'race-track'-type coils connected in series with an operating current of 3770 A. The Solenoid is an actively shielded 5 Tesla magnet consisting of 5 coils connected in series operating at 2416 A. Within the hall the two magnets are located in close proximity to each other and are surrounded by particle detectors. We describe the philosophy behind the instrumentation selection and control design that accounts for this proximity and other challenging working conditions. We describe the choice of sensor technologies, as well as the control and data acquisition methods. The magnet power and cryogenic control sub-systems are implemented using Allen Bradley Control Logix 1756-L72 Programmable Logic Controllers. Sensor instrumentation read-backs are routed into the PLC via National Instruments cRIO hardware (Field Programmable Gate Arrays or FPGA/RT application) using Jefferson Lab designed FPGA-based multi-sensor-excitation-chassis. Configuration, monitoring, and alarm handlers for the magnet systems are provided via an Experimentalmore » Physics Instrumentation & Control System interface (EPICS). Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) and the requirement to monitor critical parameters during operation guided the selection of instrumentation and associated hardware. The design of the quench protection and voltage tap sub-systems was driven by the anticipated level of voltages developed during a magnet quench. The primary hard-wired quench detection and protection sub-system together with the secondary PLC-based protection sub-system is also discussed. The successful commissioning and subsequent performance of these magnets demonstrates the robustness of the design and implementation approach that was adopted by the Jefferson Lab team and serves as an excellent 'How To' guide for future projects of this size and complexity.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-18-2652; DOE/OR/23177-4358
Journal ID: ISSN 0953-2048
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-06OR23177
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Superconductor Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Superconductor Science and Technology; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-2048
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; conduction cooled; superconducting magnet; magnetic field; instrumentation; protection; 12 GeV
OSTI Identifier:
1461096

Ghoshal, Probir K., Bachimanchi, Ramakrishna, Fair, Ruben, Kashy, David, Rajput-Ghoshal, Renuka, Hogan, John, Sandoval, Nicholas, and Young, Glenn. Instrumentation and Control Selection for the 12 GeV Hall-B Magnets at Jefferson Lab. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aad277.
Ghoshal, Probir K., Bachimanchi, Ramakrishna, Fair, Ruben, Kashy, David, Rajput-Ghoshal, Renuka, Hogan, John, Sandoval, Nicholas, & Young, Glenn. Instrumentation and Control Selection for the 12 GeV Hall-B Magnets at Jefferson Lab. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aad277.
Ghoshal, Probir K., Bachimanchi, Ramakrishna, Fair, Ruben, Kashy, David, Rajput-Ghoshal, Renuka, Hogan, John, Sandoval, Nicholas, and Young, Glenn. 2018. "Instrumentation and Control Selection for the 12 GeV Hall-B Magnets at Jefferson Lab". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aad277.
@article{osti_1461096,
title = {Instrumentation and Control Selection for the 12 GeV Hall-B Magnets at Jefferson Lab},
author = {Ghoshal, Probir K. and Bachimanchi, Ramakrishna and Fair, Ruben and Kashy, David and Rajput-Ghoshal, Renuka and Hogan, John and Sandoval, Nicholas and Young, Glenn},
abstractNote = {Here, as part of the Jefferson Lab 12 GeV accelerator upgrade, the Experimental Physics Hall B detector system requires two superconducting magnets – a Torus and a Solenoid. The specifications required maximum space for the detectors which led to the choice of conduction cooling for each magnet. The Torus consists of 6 trapezoidal 'race-track'-type coils connected in series with an operating current of 3770 A. The Solenoid is an actively shielded 5 Tesla magnet consisting of 5 coils connected in series operating at 2416 A. Within the hall the two magnets are located in close proximity to each other and are surrounded by particle detectors. We describe the philosophy behind the instrumentation selection and control design that accounts for this proximity and other challenging working conditions. We describe the choice of sensor technologies, as well as the control and data acquisition methods. The magnet power and cryogenic control sub-systems are implemented using Allen Bradley Control Logix 1756-L72 Programmable Logic Controllers. Sensor instrumentation read-backs are routed into the PLC via National Instruments cRIO hardware (Field Programmable Gate Arrays or FPGA/RT application) using Jefferson Lab designed FPGA-based multi-sensor-excitation-chassis. Configuration, monitoring, and alarm handlers for the magnet systems are provided via an Experimental Physics Instrumentation & Control System interface (EPICS). Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) and the requirement to monitor critical parameters during operation guided the selection of instrumentation and associated hardware. The design of the quench protection and voltage tap sub-systems was driven by the anticipated level of voltages developed during a magnet quench. The primary hard-wired quench detection and protection sub-system together with the secondary PLC-based protection sub-system is also discussed. The successful commissioning and subsequent performance of these magnets demonstrates the robustness of the design and implementation approach that was adopted by the Jefferson Lab team and serves as an excellent 'How To' guide for future projects of this size and complexity.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6668/aad277},
journal = {Superconductor Science and Technology},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}