skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Probing Self-interacting Dark Matter with Disk Galaxies in Cluster Environments

Abstract

Self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) has long been proposed as a solution to small-scale problems posed by standard cold dark matter. We use numerical simulations to study the effect of dark matter interactions on the morphology of disk galaxies falling into galaxy clusters. The effective drag force on dark matter leads to offsets of the stellar disk with respect to the surrounding halo, causing distortions in the disk. For anisotropic scattering cross sections of 0.5 and $$1.0\,{\mathrm{cm}}^{2}\,{{\rm{g}}}^{-1}$$, we show that potentially observable warps, asymmetries, and thickening of the disk occur in simulations. In conclusion, we discuss observational tests of SIDM with galaxy surveys and more realistic simulations needed to obtain detailed predictions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  4. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1460991
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 860; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; astroparticle physics; dark matter; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: structure

Citation Formats

Secco, Lucas F., Farah, Amanda, Jain, Bhuvnesh, Adhikari, Susmita, Banerjee, Arka, and Dalal, Neal. Probing Self-interacting Dark Matter with Disk Galaxies in Cluster Environments. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac271.
Secco, Lucas F., Farah, Amanda, Jain, Bhuvnesh, Adhikari, Susmita, Banerjee, Arka, & Dalal, Neal. Probing Self-interacting Dark Matter with Disk Galaxies in Cluster Environments. United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac271
Secco, Lucas F., Farah, Amanda, Jain, Bhuvnesh, Adhikari, Susmita, Banerjee, Arka, and Dalal, Neal. Fri . "Probing Self-interacting Dark Matter with Disk Galaxies in Cluster Environments". United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aac271. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460991.
@article{osti_1460991,
title = {Probing Self-interacting Dark Matter with Disk Galaxies in Cluster Environments},
author = {Secco, Lucas F. and Farah, Amanda and Jain, Bhuvnesh and Adhikari, Susmita and Banerjee, Arka and Dalal, Neal},
abstractNote = {Self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) has long been proposed as a solution to small-scale problems posed by standard cold dark matter. We use numerical simulations to study the effect of dark matter interactions on the morphology of disk galaxies falling into galaxy clusters. The effective drag force on dark matter leads to offsets of the stellar disk with respect to the surrounding halo, causing distortions in the disk. For anisotropic scattering cross sections of 0.5 and $1.0\,{\mathrm{cm}}^{2}\,{{\rm{g}}}^{-1}$, we show that potentially observable warps, asymmetries, and thickening of the disk occur in simulations. In conclusion, we discuss observational tests of SIDM with galaxy surveys and more realistic simulations needed to obtain detailed predictions.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aac271},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 860,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: A schematic view of the simulated system (not to scale). With the fiducial choices detailed in Section 2.2, the virial radius of the host is around R$^{h}_{vir}$ = 1600 kpc and that of the subhalo is around R$^{sh}_{vir}$ = 160 kpc. The curved red line corresponds to themore » trajectory of the subhalo though the host, rsh(t). At (A), the thin galaxy disk is at the center of the subhalo at time T = 0 Gy. At (B), at around T = 1.7 Gy (exact time values are slightly dependent on the chosen pericenter) the system is at closest approach from the host center and, shortly after that, the galaxy is maximally warped. At (C), typically 200My after the initial forward warp, the distortion oscillates backwards. At much later times, (D), around T = 3 Gy, the subhalo is close to its second turnaround or “splashback radius” , and the disk is thicker than it was at the start.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Warps
journal, September 1992


Strong and Weak Lensing United. III. Measuring the Mass Distribution of the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1ES 0657−558
journal, December 2006

  • Bradač, Maruša; Clowe, Douglas; Gonzalez, Anthony H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 652, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/508601

Small-Scale Challenges to the Λ CDM Paradigm
journal, August 2017


The impact of baryonic physics on the structure of dark matter haloes: the view from the FIRE cosmological simulations
journal, October 2015

  • Chan, T. K.; Kereš, D.; Oñorbe, J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2165

A Direct Empirical Proof of the Existence of Dark Matter
journal, August 2006

  • Clowe, Douglas; Bradač, Maruša; Gonzalez, Anthony H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 648, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/508162

Structure and Subhalo Population of Halos in a Self‐interacting Dark Matter Cosmology
journal, December 2002

  • Colin, Pedro; Avila‐Reese, Vladimir; Valenzuela, Octavio
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 581, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/344259

Halo Properties in Cosmological Simulations of Self‐interacting Cold Dark Matter
journal, February 2001

  • Dave, Romeel; Spergel, David N.; Steinhardt, Paul J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 547, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/318417

The structure of cold dark matter halos
journal, September 1991

  • Dubinski, John; Carlberg, R. G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 378
  • DOI: 10.1086/170451

Neutral hydrogen and optical observations of edge-on galaxies: Hunting for warps
journal, October 2002


Dark matter haloes within clusters
journal, October 1998


Limits on Collisional Dark Matter from Elliptical Galaxies in Clusters
journal, November 2001

  • Gnedin, Oleg Y.; Ostriker, Jeremiah P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 561, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/323211

The nongravitational interactions of dark matter in colliding galaxy clusters
journal, March 2015


An analytical model for spherical galaxies and bulges
journal, June 1990

  • Hernquist, Lars
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 356
  • DOI: 10.1086/168845

A new class of accurate, mesh-free hydrodynamic simulation methods
journal, April 2015

  • Hopkins, Philip F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 450, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv195

Colliding clusters and dark matter self-interactions
journal, November 2013

  • Kahlhoefer, Felix; Schmidt-Hoberg, Kai; Frandsen, Mads T.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 437, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2097

On the interpretation of dark matter self-interactions in Abell 3827
journal, July 2015

  • Kahlhoefer, Felix; Schmidt-Hoberg, Kai; Kummer, Janis
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 452, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv088

Dark Matter Halos as Particle Colliders: Unified Solution to Small-Scale Structure Puzzles from Dwarfs to Clusters
journal, January 2016


In the wake of dark giants: new signatures of dark matter self-interactions in equal-mass mergers of galaxy clusters
journal, April 2017

  • Kim, Stacy Y.; Peter, Annika H. G.; Wittman, David
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx896

Dark Matter Substructure and Dwarf Galactic Satellites
journal, January 2010


Direct Constraints on the Dark Matter Self‐Interaction Cross Section from the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1E 0657−56
journal, May 2004

  • Markevitch, M.; Gonzalez, A. H.; Clowe, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 606, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/383178

A Test of the Collisional Dark Matter Hypothesis from Cluster Lensing
journal, January 2002

  • Miralda‐Escude, Jordi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 564, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/324138

The Structure of Cold Dark Matter Halos
journal, May 1996

  • Navarro, Julio F.; Frenk, Carlos S.; White, Simon D. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 462
  • DOI: 10.1086/177173

A Universal Density Profile from Hierarchical Clustering
journal, December 1997

  • Navarro, Julio F.; Frenk, Carlos S.; White, Simon D. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 490, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/304888

Cosmological simulations with self-interacting dark matter – II. Halo shapes versus observations
journal, January 2013

  • Peter, Annika H. G.; Rocha, Miguel; Bullock, James S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 430, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts535

Constraints on the Self‐Interaction Cross Section of Dark Matter from Numerical Simulations of the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1E 0657−56
journal, June 2008

  • Randall, Scott W.; Markevitch, Maxim; Clowe, Douglas
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 679, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/587859

What does the Bullet Cluster tell us about self-interacting dark matter?
journal, October 2016

  • Robertson, Andrew; Massey, Richard; Eke, Vincent
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2670

Cosmological simulations with self-interacting dark matter – I. Constant-density cores and substructure
journal, January 2013

  • Rocha, Miguel; Peter, Annika H. G.; Bullock, James S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 430, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sts514

Ring Structure and Warp of NGC 5907: Interaction with Dwarf Galaxies
journal, September 1998

  • Shang, Zhaohui; Zheng, Zhongyuan; Brinks, Elias
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 504, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/311563

Observational Evidence for Self-Interacting Cold Dark Matter
journal, April 2000


The cosmological simulation code gadget-2
journal, December 2005


Modelling feedback from stars and black holes in galaxy mergers
journal, August 2005

  • Springel, Volker; Di Matteo, Tiziana; Hernquist, Lars
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 361, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09238.x

On the gravitational stability of a disk of stars
journal, May 1964


Astrophysical tests of modified gravity: the morphology and kinematics of dwarf galaxies
journal, August 2013

  • Vikram, Vinu; Cabré, Anna; Jain, Bhuvnesh
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 08
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/08/020

Subhaloes in self-interacting galactic dark matter haloes: Self-interacting galactic dark matter haloes
journal, May 2012


Dwarf galaxies in CDM and SIDM with baryons: observational probes of the nature of dark matter
journal, September 2014

  • Vogelsberger, Mark; Zavala, Jesus; Simpson, Christine
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 444, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1713

Reconciling Dwarf Galaxies with Λcdm Cosmology: Simulating a Realistic Population of Satellites Around a Milky Way–Mass Galaxy
journal, August 2016


Weakly Self-interacting Dark Matter and the Structure of Dark Halos
journal, December 2000

  • Yoshida, Naoki; Springel, Volker; White, Simon D. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 544, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/317306

An iterative method for the construction of N-body galaxy models in collisionless equilibrium
journal, August 2014

  • Yurin, Denis; Springel, Volker
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 444, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1421

Constraining self-interacting dark matter with the Milky Way’s dwarf spheroidals
journal, February 2013

  • Zavala, Jesús; Vogelsberger, Mark; Walker, Matthew G.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 431, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/sls053

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Testing self-interacting dark matter with galaxy warps
    journal, December 2019