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Title: Impact of Pore Fluid Chemistry on Fine-Grained Sediment Fabric and Compressibility

Abstract

Fines, defined here as grains or particles, less than 75µm in diameter, exist nearly ubiquitously in natural sediment, even those classified as coarse. Macroscopic sediment properties, such as compressibility, which relates applied effective stress to the resulting sediment deformation, depend on the fabric of fines. Unlike coarse grains, fines have sizes and masses small enough to be more strongly influenced by electrical interparticle forces than by gravity. These electrical forces acting through pore fluids are influenced by pore-fluid chemistry changes. Macroscopic property dependence on pore-fluid chemistry must be accounted for in sediment studies involving subsurface flow and sediment stability analyses, as well as in engineered flow situations such as groundwater pollutant remediation, hydrocarbon migration or other energy resource extraction applications. This study demonstrates how the liquid-limit-based electrical sensitivity index can be used to predict sediment compressibility changes due to pore-fluid chemistry changes. Laboratory tests of electrical sensitivity, sedimentation and compressibility illustrate mechanisms linking micro- and macro-scale processes for selected pure, endmember fines. In conclusion, a specific application considered here is methane extraction via depressurization of gas hydrate-bearing sediment, which causes a dramatic pore-water salinity drop concurrent with sediment being compressed by the imposed effective stress increase.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. U.S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole MA (United States)
  2. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Civil and Environmental Engineering
  3. U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Civil and Environmental Engineering; Chungbuk National Univ., Chungbuk (South Korea). School of Civil Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1460770
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460600
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0028966; FE0026166
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; fine‐grained sediment fabric; electrical sensitivity; pore‐fluid chemistry; sedimentation; compressibility; methane hydrate

Citation Formats

Jang, Junbong, Cao, Shuang C., Stern, Laura A., Jung, Jongwon, and Waite, William F. Impact of Pore Fluid Chemistry on Fine-Grained Sediment Fabric and Compressibility. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2018JB015872.
Jang, Junbong, Cao, Shuang C., Stern, Laura A., Jung, Jongwon, & Waite, William F. Impact of Pore Fluid Chemistry on Fine-Grained Sediment Fabric and Compressibility. United States. doi:10.1029/2018JB015872.
Jang, Junbong, Cao, Shuang C., Stern, Laura A., Jung, Jongwon, and Waite, William F. Tue . "Impact of Pore Fluid Chemistry on Fine-Grained Sediment Fabric and Compressibility". United States. doi:10.1029/2018JB015872. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460770.
@article{osti_1460770,
title = {Impact of Pore Fluid Chemistry on Fine-Grained Sediment Fabric and Compressibility},
author = {Jang, Junbong and Cao, Shuang C. and Stern, Laura A. and Jung, Jongwon and Waite, William F.},
abstractNote = {Fines, defined here as grains or particles, less than 75µm in diameter, exist nearly ubiquitously in natural sediment, even those classified as coarse. Macroscopic sediment properties, such as compressibility, which relates applied effective stress to the resulting sediment deformation, depend on the fabric of fines. Unlike coarse grains, fines have sizes and masses small enough to be more strongly influenced by electrical interparticle forces than by gravity. These electrical forces acting through pore fluids are influenced by pore-fluid chemistry changes. Macroscopic property dependence on pore-fluid chemistry must be accounted for in sediment studies involving subsurface flow and sediment stability analyses, as well as in engineered flow situations such as groundwater pollutant remediation, hydrocarbon migration or other energy resource extraction applications. This study demonstrates how the liquid-limit-based electrical sensitivity index can be used to predict sediment compressibility changes due to pore-fluid chemistry changes. Laboratory tests of electrical sensitivity, sedimentation and compressibility illustrate mechanisms linking micro- and macro-scale processes for selected pure, endmember fines. In conclusion, a specific application considered here is methane extraction via depressurization of gas hydrate-bearing sediment, which causes a dramatic pore-water salinity drop concurrent with sediment being compressed by the imposed effective stress increase.},
doi = {10.1029/2018JB015872},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 7,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Estimating the fully developed diffuse double layer thickness from the bulk electrical conductivity in clay
    journal, August 2006


    Consolidation and swelling behavior of major clay minerals and their mixtures
    journal, December 2011


    Particle transport in a nonuniform flow field: Retardation and clogging
    journal, June 2007

    • Valdes, Julio R.; Carlos Santamarina, J.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2748850

    Triggering mechanisms of slope instability processes and sediment failures on continental margins: a geotechnical approach
    journal, December 2004


    Hydro-bio-geomechanical properties of hydrate-bearing sediments from Nankai Trough
    journal, September 2015


    Effects of nonplastic fines on static liquefaction of sands
    journal, December 1997

    • Lade, Poul V.; Yamamuro, Jerry A.
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 34, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1139/t97-052

    Bulk sediment mineralogy of gas hydrate reservoir at the East Nankai offshore production test site
    journal, September 2015


    Significant contribution of authigenic carbonate to marine carbon burial
    journal, January 2014

    • Sun, Xiaole; Turchyn, Alexandra V.
    • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 7, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2070

    Residual strength of kaolin and bentonite: the influence of their constituent pore fluid
    journal, June 1994


    Diffuse Double-Layer Models, Long-Range Forces, and Ordering in Clay Colloids
    journal, January 2002

    • McBride, M. B.; Baveye, P.
    • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 66, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2002.1207

    Experimental study of mud erosion at the interface of an artificial sand-mud alternate layer
    journal, August 2016

    • Oyama, Hiroyuki; Abe, Shungo; Yoshida, Takero
    • Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, Vol. 34
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2016.07.067

    Analysis of formation pressure test results in the Mount Elbert methane hydrate reservoir through numerical simulation
    journal, February 2011


    Physical properties of sediment from the Mount Elbert Gas Hydrate Stratigraphic Test Well, Alaska North Slope
    journal, February 2011


    Correlations between index tests and the properties of remoulded clays
    journal, June 1984


    Groundwater contamination: pump-and-treat remediation
    journal, June 1989

    • Mackay, Douglas M.; Cherry, John A.
    • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 23, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1021/es00064a001

    Diffusion Coefficients for Aqueous Solutions of Sodium Chloride and Barium Chloride
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    • Vitagliano, V.; Lyons, P. A.
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 78, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja01589a011

    Mechanical behavior of hydrate-bearing pressure-core sediments visualized under triaxial compression
    journal, September 2015


    Water–mineral interaction in hygromechanics of clays exposed to environmental loads: a mixture-theory approach
    journal, December 1992

    • Hueckel, Tomasz A.
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 29, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1139/t92-124

    The Role of Attractive and Repulsive Forces in the Formation of Tactoids, Thixotropic Gels, Protein Crystals and Coacervates
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    • Langmuir, Irving
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1750183

    Methane hydrate — A major reservoir of carbon in the shallow geosphere?
    journal, December 1988


    Compressibility behaviour of remoulded, fine-grained soils and correlation with index properties
    journal, June 2000

    • Sridharan, A.; Nagaraj, H. B.
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 37, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1139/t99-128

    A microstructural investigation of Osaka Bay clay: the impact of microfossils on its mechanical behaviour
    journal, October 1999

    • Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Locat, Jacques
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 36, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1139/t99-009

    Hydraulic conductivity of natural clays permeated with simple liquid hydrocarbons
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    • Fernandez, Federico; Quigley, Robert M.
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 22, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1139/t85-028

    Transport mechanism operating between blood supply and osteocytes in long bones
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    The Effect of Electrolyte Concentration on soil Permeability
    journal, July 1955


    The correlation of index properties with some basic engineering properties of soils
    journal, May 1978

    • Wroth, C. P.; Wood, D. M.
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 15, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1139/t78-014

    Structure of Water at Charged Interfaces: A Molecular Dynamics Study
    journal, June 2014

    • Dewan, Shalaka; Carnevale, Vincenzo; Bankura, Arindam
    • Langmuir, Vol. 30, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1021/la5011055

    The chemical dissolution and physical migration of minerals induced during CO2 laboratory experiments: their relevance for reservoir quality
    journal, April 2015

    • Pudlo, Dieter; Henkel, Steven; Reitenbach, Viktor
    • Environmental Earth Sciences, Vol. 73, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1007/s12665-015-4411-x

    PCATS Triaxial: A new geotechnical apparatus for characterizing pressure cores from the Nankai Trough, Japan
    journal, September 2015


    The Sensitivity of Clays
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    On the compressibility and shear strength of natural clays
    journal, September 1990


    Effect of pore fluid chemistry on the sedimentation and compression behavior of pure, endmember fines
    dataset, January 2018

    • Cao, S. C.; Cao, S. C.; Stern, Laura
    • U.S. Geological Survey
    • DOI: 10.5066/f77m076k

    Principles of flow of kaolin and bentonite dispersions
    journal, June 1989


    Subsurface gas hydrates in the northern Gulf of Mexico
    journal, June 2012


    Effective potential between charged spherical particles in dilute suspension
    journal, June 1983


    Hydration forces between silica surfaces: Experimental data and predictions from different theories
    journal, July 2005

    • Valle-Delgado, J. J.; Molina-Bolívar, J. A.; Galisteo-González, F.
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 123, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1954747

    Modeling Tracer Transport in an Osteon under Cyclic Loading
    journal, October 2000

    • Wang, Liyun; Cowin, Stephen C.; Weinbaum, Sheldon
    • Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 28, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1114/1.1317531

    Physico-Chemical Analysis of the Compressibility of Pure Clays
    journal, June 1956


    Electromagnetic forces and soil strength
    journal, December 1974


    Mechanisms controlling volume change of saturated clays and the role of the effective stress concept
    journal, September 1973


    Quick clay—A case study of chemical perspective in Southwest Sweden
    journal, December 2005


    Specific surface: determination and relevance
    journal, February 2002

    • Santamarina, J. C.; Klein, K. A.; Wang, Y. H.
    • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 39, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1139/t01-077

    Porometry and fabric of marine clay and carbonate sediments: Determinants of permeability
    journal, September 1989


    Effect of fines on the compression behaviour of poorly graded silica sand
    journal, January 2017


    The enigmatic consolidation of diatomaceous sediment
    journal, March 2017


    Gravity-destabilized nonwetting phase invasion in macroheterogeneous porous media: Experimental observations of invasion dynamics and scale analysis
    journal, November 2000

    • Glass, Robert J.; Conrad, Stephen H.; Peplinski, William
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    Quick clays of eastern Canada
    journal, May 1968


    Clay mineral distribution in surface sediments of the South Atlantic: sources, transport, and relation to oceanography
    journal, March 1996


    On the electrostatic interaction in macroionic solutions
    journal, December 1984

    • Sogami, Ikuo; Ise, Norio
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 81, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.447541