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Title: Carbon Nanotube Web with Carboxylated Polythiophene “Assist” for High-Performance Battery Electrodes

Abstract

In this paper, a carbon nanotube (CNT) web electrode comprising magnetite spheres and few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) linked by the carboxylated conjugated polymer, poly[3-(potassium-4-butanoate) thiophene] (PPBT), was designed to demonstrate benefits derived from the rational consideration of electron/ion transport coupled with the surface chemistry of the electrode materials components. To maximize transport properties, the approach introduces monodispersed spherical Fe 3O 4 (sFe 3O 4) for uniform Li + diffusion and a FWNT web electrode frame that affords characteristics of long-ranged electronic pathways and porous networks. The sFe 3O 4 particles were used as a model high-capacity energy active material, owing to their well-defined chemistry with surface hydroxyl (-OH) functionalities that provide for facile detection of molecular interactions. PPBT, having a π-conjugated backbone and alkyl side chains substituted with carboxylate moieties, interacted with the FWNT π-electron-rich and hydroxylated sFe 3O 4 surfaces, which enabled the formation of effective electrical bridges between the respective components, contributing to efficient electron transport and electrode stability. To further induce interactions between PPBT and the metal hydroxide surface, polyethylene glycol was coated onto the sFe 3O 4 particles, allowing for facile materials dispersion and connectivity. Additionally, the introduction of carbon particles into the web electrode minimizedmore » sFe 3O 4 aggregation and afforded more porous FWNT networks. Finally, as a consequence, the design of composite electrodes with rigorous consideration of specific molecular interactions induced by the surface chemistries favorably influenced electrochemical kinetics and electrode resistance, which afforded high-performance electrodes for battery applications.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [9]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  2. Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  3. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  4. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  5. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  6. Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Applied Chemistry
  7. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry. Dept. of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering; Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Energy Sciences Directorate
  8. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry. Dept. of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
  9. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Mesoscale Transport Properties (m2mt); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1460699
Report Number(s):
BNL-207834-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; SC0012673; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; carbon particle; Fe-carboxylate bond; FWNT web electrode; monodispersed spherical iron oxide; PEG coating; poly[3-(potassium-4-butanoate) thiophene] (PPBT); surface chemistry

Citation Formats

Kwon, Yo Han, Park, Jung Jin, Housel, Lisa M., Minnici, Krysten, Zhang, Guoyan, Lee, Sujin R., Lee, Seung Woo, Chen, Zhongming, Noda, Suguru, Takeuchi, Esther S., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Marschilok, Amy C., and Reichmanis, Elsa. Carbon Nanotube Web with Carboxylated Polythiophene “Assist” for High-Performance Battery Electrodes. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b08918.
Kwon, Yo Han, Park, Jung Jin, Housel, Lisa M., Minnici, Krysten, Zhang, Guoyan, Lee, Sujin R., Lee, Seung Woo, Chen, Zhongming, Noda, Suguru, Takeuchi, Esther S., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Marschilok, Amy C., & Reichmanis, Elsa. Carbon Nanotube Web with Carboxylated Polythiophene “Assist” for High-Performance Battery Electrodes. United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b08918.
Kwon, Yo Han, Park, Jung Jin, Housel, Lisa M., Minnici, Krysten, Zhang, Guoyan, Lee, Sujin R., Lee, Seung Woo, Chen, Zhongming, Noda, Suguru, Takeuchi, Esther S., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Marschilok, Amy C., and Reichmanis, Elsa. Tue . "Carbon Nanotube Web with Carboxylated Polythiophene “Assist” for High-Performance Battery Electrodes". United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b08918. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460699.
@article{osti_1460699,
title = {Carbon Nanotube Web with Carboxylated Polythiophene “Assist” for High-Performance Battery Electrodes},
author = {Kwon, Yo Han and Park, Jung Jin and Housel, Lisa M. and Minnici, Krysten and Zhang, Guoyan and Lee, Sujin R. and Lee, Seung Woo and Chen, Zhongming and Noda, Suguru and Takeuchi, Esther S. and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. and Marschilok, Amy C. and Reichmanis, Elsa},
abstractNote = {In this paper, a carbon nanotube (CNT) web electrode comprising magnetite spheres and few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs) linked by the carboxylated conjugated polymer, poly[3-(potassium-4-butanoate) thiophene] (PPBT), was designed to demonstrate benefits derived from the rational consideration of electron/ion transport coupled with the surface chemistry of the electrode materials components. To maximize transport properties, the approach introduces monodispersed spherical Fe3O4 (sFe3O4) for uniform Li+ diffusion and a FWNT web electrode frame that affords characteristics of long-ranged electronic pathways and porous networks. The sFe3O4 particles were used as a model high-capacity energy active material, owing to their well-defined chemistry with surface hydroxyl (-OH) functionalities that provide for facile detection of molecular interactions. PPBT, having a π-conjugated backbone and alkyl side chains substituted with carboxylate moieties, interacted with the FWNT π-electron-rich and hydroxylated sFe3O4 surfaces, which enabled the formation of effective electrical bridges between the respective components, contributing to efficient electron transport and electrode stability. To further induce interactions between PPBT and the metal hydroxide surface, polyethylene glycol was coated onto the sFe3O4 particles, allowing for facile materials dispersion and connectivity. Additionally, the introduction of carbon particles into the web electrode minimized sFe3O4 aggregation and afforded more porous FWNT networks. Finally, as a consequence, the design of composite electrodes with rigorous consideration of specific molecular interactions induced by the surface chemistries favorably influenced electrochemical kinetics and electrode resistance, which afforded high-performance electrodes for battery applications.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.7b08918},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 4,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Materials preparation: effect of PEG coating and PPBT assist on materials dispersion and sFe3OFWNT connection. (a) Schematics of the formation of Fe˗carboxylate complex. (b) SEM image of monodispersed Fe3O4 spheres (sFe3O4). (c) Size distribution of sFe3O4 particles, counted from SEM images. (d) Hansen solubility parameter (HSP) spheres ofmore » interaction for PEG and PPBT having 98.3% of the intersection volume portion (%Vint). Adapted with permission from ref. 33. Copyright 2016 American Chemical Society. (e) Optical microscopy (OM) images of PEG˗sFe3O4/PPBT and sFe3O4/PPBT composites (inset) prepared by spin coating on the glass substrate. (f) FWNT dispersion state after probe-type sonication (top: OM images prepared by spin coating onto a glass substrate, bottom: corresponding suspension images). (g) Electronic conductivities of FWNT and PPBT composite film. The effective weight ratio of FWNT and PPBT was found as 1 to 2 having higher conductivity and good dispersion. (h) SEM and TEM (inset) images demonstrating the dispersion/connection of PEG˗sFe3O4 and FWNTs through a PPBT assist in the electrode slurry. The SEM/TEM characterizations were conducted after evaporating water solvent.« less

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Design of a Zn-MOF biosensor via a ligand “lock” for the recognition and distinction of S-containing amino acids
journal, January 2019

  • Wu, Xiao-Qin; Liu, Yan; Feng, Pei-Qi
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc01701a

Design of a Zn-MOF biosensor via a ligand “lock” for the recognition and distinction of S-containing amino acids
journal, January 2019

  • Wu, Xiao-Qin; Liu, Yan; Feng, Pei-Qi
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cc01701a

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.