skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction

Abstract

In this paper, to enhance the electrocatalytic performance of the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR), structurally ordered face-centered tetragonal (fct) Pt–Co–Ni/C intermetallic nanoparticles were synthesized via an impregnation reduction method, followed by post heat-treatment. It was found that an ordered intermetallic PtCo phase prevails rather than PtNi as the principal part for the ternary Pt–Co–Ni alloy after being annealed at high temperature, namely, Ni atoms merely serve as the substitute for Co in the lattice of Pt–Co–Ni intermetallics possessing the same atomic stack as PtCo intermetallics. In addition, there is a limitation for Ni to replace Co for the intermetallic PtCo phase, otherwise, most likely excessive Ni would replace the Pt atoms and damage the atomically ordered structure. Benefiting from the ordered structural features and rational introduction of the third transition metal to modify the distance between Pt and Pt atoms, the Pt–Co–Ni/C ordered intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit an enhancement in catalytic activity for the FAOR compared with Pt/C, the PtNi/C alloy and ordered intermetallic PtCo/C nanoparticles. Furthermore, the presence of Ni in the ordered intermetallic Pt–Co–Ni/C catalyst leads to a noticeable improvement in durability compared with the ordered intermetallic PtCo/C catalyst. Finally, the present work reveals opportunities for the rationalmore » design of ternary electrocatalysts with enhanced catalytic performance for fuel cell applications.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China). Key Lab. of Material Chemistry for Energy Conversion and Storage. Hubei Key Lab. of Material Chemistry and Service Failure. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials; Southeast Univ., Nanjing (China). SEU-FEI Nano-Pico Center. Key Lab. of MEMS of the Ministry of Education
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); 1000 Young Talent Program (China); Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
OSTI Identifier:
1460694
Report Number(s):
BNL-207823-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 21573083; 2017KFYXJJ164
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Chen, Lingxuan, Zhu, Jing, Xuan, Cuijuan, Xiao, Weiping, Xia, Kedong, Xia, Weiwei, Lai, Chenglong, Xin, Huolin L., and Wang, Deli. Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/C7TA11051K.
Chen, Lingxuan, Zhu, Jing, Xuan, Cuijuan, Xiao, Weiping, Xia, Kedong, Xia, Weiwei, Lai, Chenglong, Xin, Huolin L., & Wang, Deli. Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction. United States. doi:10.1039/C7TA11051K.
Chen, Lingxuan, Zhu, Jing, Xuan, Cuijuan, Xiao, Weiping, Xia, Kedong, Xia, Weiwei, Lai, Chenglong, Xin, Huolin L., and Wang, Deli. Tue . "Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction". United States. doi:10.1039/C7TA11051K. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460694.
@article{osti_1460694,
title = {Effects of crystal phase and composition on structurally ordered Pt–Co–Ni/C ternary intermetallic electrocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction},
author = {Chen, Lingxuan and Zhu, Jing and Xuan, Cuijuan and Xiao, Weiping and Xia, Kedong and Xia, Weiwei and Lai, Chenglong and Xin, Huolin L. and Wang, Deli},
abstractNote = {In this paper, to enhance the electrocatalytic performance of the formic acid oxidation reaction (FAOR), structurally ordered face-centered tetragonal (fct) Pt–Co–Ni/C intermetallic nanoparticles were synthesized via an impregnation reduction method, followed by post heat-treatment. It was found that an ordered intermetallic PtCo phase prevails rather than PtNi as the principal part for the ternary Pt–Co–Ni alloy after being annealed at high temperature, namely, Ni atoms merely serve as the substitute for Co in the lattice of Pt–Co–Ni intermetallics possessing the same atomic stack as PtCo intermetallics. In addition, there is a limitation for Ni to replace Co for the intermetallic PtCo phase, otherwise, most likely excessive Ni would replace the Pt atoms and damage the atomically ordered structure. Benefiting from the ordered structural features and rational introduction of the third transition metal to modify the distance between Pt and Pt atoms, the Pt–Co–Ni/C ordered intermetallic nanoparticles exhibit an enhancement in catalytic activity for the FAOR compared with Pt/C, the PtNi/C alloy and ordered intermetallic PtCo/C nanoparticles. Furthermore, the presence of Ni in the ordered intermetallic Pt–Co–Ni/C catalyst leads to a noticeable improvement in durability compared with the ordered intermetallic PtCo/C catalyst. Finally, the present work reveals opportunities for the rational design of ternary electrocatalysts with enhanced catalytic performance for fuel cell applications.},
doi = {10.1039/C7TA11051K},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 14,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 10 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: XRD patterns of PtCo/C, PtCo0.75Ni0.25/C, PtCo0.5Ni0.5/C, PtCo0.25Ni0.75/C PtNi/C and Pt/C after annealing at 700 °C for 2 h. The black and red vertical lines correspond to the peaks of pure Pt (PDF card # 01-070-2057), intermetallic PtCo (PDF card # 03-065- 8969), respectively. The (*) indicates the peakmore » contributed to disordered Pt alloy phase.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Activity of Pt anode catalyst modified by underpotential deposited Pb in a direct formic acid fuel cell
journal, August 2007


Graphene Decorated with PtAu Alloy Nanoparticles: Facile Synthesis and Promising Application for Formic Acid Oxidation
journal, March 2011

  • Zhang, Sheng; Shao, Yuyan; Liao, Hong-gang
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm101568z

Structurally ordered intermetallic platinum–cobalt core–shell nanoparticles with enhanced activity and stability as oxygen reduction electrocatalysts
journal, October 2012

  • Wang, Deli; Xin, Huolin L.; Hovden, Robert
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 1, p. 81-87
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3458

Structurally ordered Pt–Zn/C series nanoparticles as efficient anode catalysts for formic acid electrooxidation
journal, January 2015

  • Zhu, Jing; Zheng, Xin; Wang, Jie
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA05699C

PtCo nanoparticles supported on expanded graphite as electrocatalyst for direct methanol fuel cell
journal, May 2015


Highly Active Pt 3 Pb and Core–Shell Pt 3 Pb–Pt Electrocatalysts for Formic Acid Oxidation
journal, February 2012


New insights into the electrochemical hydrogen oxidation and evolution reaction mechanism
journal, January 2014

  • Durst, J.; Siebel, A.; Simon, C.
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE00440J

Mixed-Metal Pt Monolayer Electrocatalysts for Enhanced Oxygen Reduction Kinetics
journal, September 2005

  • Zhang, Junliang; Vukmirovic, Miomir B.; Sasaki, Kotaro
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 127, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja053695i

3D Carbon Electrocatalysts In Situ Constructed by Defect-Rich Nanosheets and Polyhedrons from NaCl-Sealed Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks
journal, January 2018

  • Wang, Yuqing; Tao, Li; Xiao, Zhaohui
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201705356

Die Konstitution der Mischkristalle und die Raumf�llung der Atome
journal, January 1921


Graphene nanosheet-tailored PtPd concave nanocubes with enhanced electrocatalytic activity and durability for methanol oxidation
journal, January 2014

  • Lu, Yizhong; Jiang, Yuanyuan; Chen, Wei
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3NR06186H

Electrocatalyst approaches and challenges for automotive fuel cells
journal, June 2012


Shape- and Composition-Controlled Pt–Fe–Co Nanoparticles for Electrocatalytic Methanol Oxidation
journal, April 2010


Electrodeposited PtCo and PtMn electrocatalysts for methanol and ethanol electrooxidation of direct alcohol fuel cells
journal, November 2009


Edge-rich and dopant-free graphene as a highly efficient metal-free electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction
journal, January 2016

  • Tao, Li; Wang, Qiang; Dou, Shuo
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CC09173J

NbPt 3 Intermetallic Nanoparticles: Highly Stable and CO-Tolerant Electrocatalyst for Fuel Oxidation
journal, January 2014

  • Ramesh, Gubbala V.; Kodiyath, Rajesh; Tanabe, Toyokazu
  • ChemElectroChem, Vol. 1, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/celc.201300240

Amorphous CuPt Alloy Nanotubes Induced by Na 2 S 2 O 3 as Efficient Catalysts for the Methanol Oxidation Reaction
journal, May 2016


Theoretical Study of Methanol Oxidation on the PtAu(111) Bimetallic Surface: CO Pathway vs Non-CO Pathway
journal, January 2012

  • Zhong, Wenhui; Liu, Yuxia; Zhang, Dongju
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp210304z

Block copolymer templated synthesis of PtIr bimetallic nanocatalysts for the formic acid oxidation reaction
journal, January 2017

  • Taylor, Audrey K.; Perez, Diane S.; Zhang, Xin
  • J. Mater. Chem. A, Vol. 5, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA06458F

Facile Synthesis of PtNi Intermetallic Nanoparticles: Influence of Reducing Agent and Precursors on Electrocatalytic Activity
journal, March 2011

  • Leonard, Brian M.; Zhou, Qin; Wu, Diane
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm1024876

Rational design of three-dimensional nitrogen and phosphorus co-doped graphene nanoribbons/CNTs composite for the oxygen reduction
journal, April 2016


PEM fuel cell electrodes
journal, May 2004


In situ evolution of highly dispersed amorphous CoO x clusters for oxygen evolution reaction
journal, January 2017

  • Chen, Dawei; Dong, Chung-Li; Zou, Yuqin
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 9, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04381C

Defect Chemistry of Nonprecious-Metal Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reactions
journal, May 2017


Mesostructured Intermetallic Compounds of Platinum and Non-Transition Metals for Enhanced Electrocatalysis of Oxygen Reduction Reaction
journal, November 2014

  • Lang, Xing-You; Han, Gao-Feng; Xiao, Bei-Bei
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201401868

Effect of Atomic Ordering on the Catalytic Activity of Carbon Supported PtM (M=Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) Alloys for Oxygen Reduction in PEMFCs
journal, January 2005

  • Xiong, L.; Manthiram, A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 152, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1862256

Modeling Transport in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells
journal, October 2004

  • Weber, Adam Z.; Newman, John
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 104, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr020729l

Porous Platinum Nanotubes for Oxygen Reduction and Methanol Oxidation Reactions
journal, October 2010

  • Alia, Shaun M.; Zhang, Gang; Kisailus, David
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201001035

Three Dimensional PtRh Alloy Porous Nanostructures: Tuning the Atomic Composition and Controlling the Morphology for the Application of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
journal, May 2012

  • Zhang, Yuan; Janyasupab, Metini; Liu, Chen-Wei
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201200678

Beneficial Role of Copper in the Enhancement of Durability of Ordered Intermetallic PtFeCu Catalyst for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction
journal, July 2015

  • Arumugam, Balamurugan; Tamaki, Takanori; Yamaguchi, Takeo
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b03137

The methanol oxidation reaction on platinum alloys with the first row transition metals
journal, March 2006

  • Antolini, Ermete; Salgado, Jose R. C.; Gonzalez, Ernesto R.
  • Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 63, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.09.014

Highly stable Pt monolayer on PdAu nanoparticle electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction
journal, January 2012

  • Sasaki, Kotaro; Naohara, Hideo; Choi, YongMan
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2124

The Structure and Activity of Pt-Co Alloys as Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts
journal, January 1990

  • Beard, Bruce C.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2086223

Electrocatalysis for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: Recent Achievements and Future Challenges
journal, April 2012

  • Rabis, Annett; Rodriguez, Paramaconi; Schmidt, Thomas J.
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/cs3000864

Designing of stable and highly efficient ordered Pt2CoNi ternary alloy electrocatalyst: The origin of dioxygen reduction activity
journal, January 2018


Structurally Ordered Pt 3 Cr as Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalyst: Ordering Control and Origin of Enhanced Stability
journal, October 2015


Fuel crossover in direct formic acid fuel cells
journal, May 2007


Enhanced electrocatalytic activity and stability of platinum, gold, and nickel oxide nanoparticles-based ternary catalyst for formic acid electro-oxidation
journal, August 2014


Nonporous MOF-derived dopant-free mesoporous carbon as an efficient metal-free electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction
journal, January 2016

  • Wang, Xin; Li, Xingyue; Ouyang, Canbin
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA03015G

Superior anti-CO poisoning capability: Au-decorated PtFe nanocatalysts for high-performance methanol oxidation
journal, January 2016

  • Cai, Zhao; Lu, Zhiyi; Bi, Yongmin
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CC10513G

Stimulation of Electro-oxidation Catalysis by Bulk-Structural Transformation in Intermetallic ZrPt 3 Nanoparticles
journal, September 2014

  • Ramesh, Gubbala V.; Kodiyath, Rajesh; Tanabe, Toyokazu
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/am504147q

Engineering Interface and Surface of Noble Metal Nanoparticle Nanotubes toward Enhanced Catalytic Activity for Fuel Cell Applications
journal, February 2013

  • Cui, Chun-Hua; Yu, Shu-Hong
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 46, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar300254b

Recent advances in direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFC)
journal, July 2008


Hydrogen: the energy source for the 21st century
journal, June 2005


    Works referencing / citing this record:

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.