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Title: Analyzing storage for wind integration in a transmission-constrained power system

High levels of energy from variable generation sources such as wind and solar photovoltaics (PV) can result in significant curtailment, in which the wind and PV energy cannot be used to serve demand. Adding transmission and energy storage can assist in reducing renewable curtailment, but the relative merits of each enabling technology individually or combined is not well understood. Thus, we compare the role of transmission and storage in reducing curtailment, as well as reducing generation costs from conventional sources. Using a high-fidelity model of the electric power grid, we examine a scenario in which the western portion of the U.S. and Canada reaches 37% energy from wind and 12% energy from solar PV. In the case studied, we find that transmission is generally more effective than energy storage in reducing curtailment, due to the curtailment patterns of wind. However, the interaction between transmission and energy storage shows that the two technologies act symbiotically, meaning that their combined energy value is greater than that of each individually. This analysis demonstrates that fully realizing the benefits of wind resources located far from demand centers will require an effective method to deliver wind power at the right times to the right locations.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-6A20-70647
Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 228; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; energy storage; wind energy; production cost modeling; transmission; renewable curtailment
OSTI Identifier:
1460619

Jorgenson, Jennie, Denholm, Paul, and Mai, Trieu. Analyzing storage for wind integration in a transmission-constrained power system. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.046.
Jorgenson, Jennie, Denholm, Paul, & Mai, Trieu. Analyzing storage for wind integration in a transmission-constrained power system. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.046.
Jorgenson, Jennie, Denholm, Paul, and Mai, Trieu. 2018. "Analyzing storage for wind integration in a transmission-constrained power system". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.046.
@article{osti_1460619,
title = {Analyzing storage for wind integration in a transmission-constrained power system},
author = {Jorgenson, Jennie and Denholm, Paul and Mai, Trieu},
abstractNote = {High levels of energy from variable generation sources such as wind and solar photovoltaics (PV) can result in significant curtailment, in which the wind and PV energy cannot be used to serve demand. Adding transmission and energy storage can assist in reducing renewable curtailment, but the relative merits of each enabling technology individually or combined is not well understood. Thus, we compare the role of transmission and storage in reducing curtailment, as well as reducing generation costs from conventional sources. Using a high-fidelity model of the electric power grid, we examine a scenario in which the western portion of the U.S. and Canada reaches 37% energy from wind and 12% energy from solar PV. In the case studied, we find that transmission is generally more effective than energy storage in reducing curtailment, due to the curtailment patterns of wind. However, the interaction between transmission and energy storage shows that the two technologies act symbiotically, meaning that their combined energy value is greater than that of each individually. This analysis demonstrates that fully realizing the benefits of wind resources located far from demand centers will require an effective method to deliver wind power at the right times to the right locations.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.046},
journal = {Applied Energy},
number = C,
volume = 228,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}