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Title: Effect of pellet die diameter on density and durability of pellets made from high moisture woody and herbaceous biomass

Densified products produced from pellet mill are commercially used as a commodity type product for energy applications and is transported nationally and internationally. The quality and specific energy consumption of the pelletized biomass produced depends upon the type of the feedstock, and process variables like moisture content, particle size, die speed, preheating, and steam conditioning. In the present study, pelleting tests were conducted with both woody (i.e., lodgepole pine and pinyon-juniper) and herbaceous (i.e., corn stover, wheat straw, and energy sorghum) biomass. A high level of feedstock moisture content of 33% (w.b.) was selected as a starting point, while the die speed and preheating temperature process variables were kept at 60 Hz and 30°C. There was about 10–13% moisture loss in both woody and herbaceous biomass feedstock during pelleting. The high moisture pellets produced were further dried in a laboratory oven at 70°C for three hours to reduce the moisture content of the pellets to <10% (w.b). The dried pellets were further evaluated for other quality attributes including unit, bulk, tapped density, and durability. Physical properties of the pellets tested after drying indicated that wheat straw, corn stover, and lodgepole pine had unit and bulk densities of >1050 and >600more » kg/m 3. Here, the highest durability value of >97% was observed for corn stover, lodgepole pine, and pinyon-juniper.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
INL-JOU-18-50126-Rev000
Journal ID: ISSN 2588-9133
Grant/Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Carbon Resources Conversion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2588-9133
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; high moisture pelleting; corn stover; wheat straw; energy sorghum; lodgepole pine; pinyon-juniper; woody and herbaceous biomass
OSTI Identifier:
1460504
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1471110

Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar. Effect of pellet die diameter on density and durability of pellets made from high moisture woody and herbaceous biomass. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.crcon.2018.06.002.
Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar. Effect of pellet die diameter on density and durability of pellets made from high moisture woody and herbaceous biomass. United States. doi:10.1016/j.crcon.2018.06.002.
Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar. 2018. "Effect of pellet die diameter on density and durability of pellets made from high moisture woody and herbaceous biomass". United States. doi:10.1016/j.crcon.2018.06.002.
@article{osti_1460504,
title = {Effect of pellet die diameter on density and durability of pellets made from high moisture woody and herbaceous biomass},
author = {Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar},
abstractNote = {Densified products produced from pellet mill are commercially used as a commodity type product for energy applications and is transported nationally and internationally. The quality and specific energy consumption of the pelletized biomass produced depends upon the type of the feedstock, and process variables like moisture content, particle size, die speed, preheating, and steam conditioning. In the present study, pelleting tests were conducted with both woody (i.e., lodgepole pine and pinyon-juniper) and herbaceous (i.e., corn stover, wheat straw, and energy sorghum) biomass. A high level of feedstock moisture content of 33% (w.b.) was selected as a starting point, while the die speed and preheating temperature process variables were kept at 60 Hz and 30°C. There was about 10–13% moisture loss in both woody and herbaceous biomass feedstock during pelleting. The high moisture pellets produced were further dried in a laboratory oven at 70°C for three hours to reduce the moisture content of the pellets to <10% (w.b). The dried pellets were further evaluated for other quality attributes including unit, bulk, tapped density, and durability. Physical properties of the pellets tested after drying indicated that wheat straw, corn stover, and lodgepole pine had unit and bulk densities of >1050 and >600 kg/m3. Here, the highest durability value of >97% was observed for corn stover, lodgepole pine, and pinyon-juniper.},
doi = {10.1016/j.crcon.2018.06.002},
journal = {Carbon Resources Conversion},
number = 1,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}