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Title: Event-based processing of neutron scattering data at the Spallation Neutron Source

Abstract

Here, the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA, ushered in a new era of neutron scattering experiments through the use of event-based data. Tagging each neutron event allows pump–probe experiments, measurements with a parameter asynchronous to the source, measurements with continuously varying parameters and novel ways of testing instrument components. This contribution will focus on a few examples. A pulsed magnet has been used to study diffraction under extreme fields. Continuous ramping of temperature is becoming standard on the POWGEN diffractometer. Battery degradation and phase transformations under heat and stress are often studied on the VULCAN diffractometer. Supercooled Al 2O 3 was studied on NOMAD. A study of a metallic glass through its glass transition was performed on the ARCS spectrometer, and the effect of source variation on chopper stability was studied for the SEQUOIA spectrometer. Besides a summary of these examples, an overview is provided of the hardware and software advances to enable these and many other event-based measurements.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1460232
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 51; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; neutron diffraction; stroboscopic experiments; event-based data processing; spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Granroth, Garrett E., An, Ke, Smith, Hillary L., Whitfield, Pamela S., Neuefeind, Joerg C., Lee, Jooseop, Zhou, Wenduo, Sedov, Vladislav N., Peterson, Peter F., Parizzi, Andre A., Skorpenske, Harley David, Hartman, Steven M., Huq, Ashfia, and Abernathy, Douglas L. Event-based processing of neutron scattering data at the Spallation Neutron Source. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600576718004727.
Granroth, Garrett E., An, Ke, Smith, Hillary L., Whitfield, Pamela S., Neuefeind, Joerg C., Lee, Jooseop, Zhou, Wenduo, Sedov, Vladislav N., Peterson, Peter F., Parizzi, Andre A., Skorpenske, Harley David, Hartman, Steven M., Huq, Ashfia, & Abernathy, Douglas L. Event-based processing of neutron scattering data at the Spallation Neutron Source. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576718004727.
Granroth, Garrett E., An, Ke, Smith, Hillary L., Whitfield, Pamela S., Neuefeind, Joerg C., Lee, Jooseop, Zhou, Wenduo, Sedov, Vladislav N., Peterson, Peter F., Parizzi, Andre A., Skorpenske, Harley David, Hartman, Steven M., Huq, Ashfia, and Abernathy, Douglas L. Fri . "Event-based processing of neutron scattering data at the Spallation Neutron Source". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600576718004727. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460232.
@article{osti_1460232,
title = {Event-based processing of neutron scattering data at the Spallation Neutron Source},
author = {Granroth, Garrett E. and An, Ke and Smith, Hillary L. and Whitfield, Pamela S. and Neuefeind, Joerg C. and Lee, Jooseop and Zhou, Wenduo and Sedov, Vladislav N. and Peterson, Peter F. and Parizzi, Andre A. and Skorpenske, Harley David and Hartman, Steven M. and Huq, Ashfia and Abernathy, Douglas L.},
abstractNote = {Here, the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA, ushered in a new era of neutron scattering experiments through the use of event-based data. Tagging each neutron event allows pump–probe experiments, measurements with a parameter asynchronous to the source, measurements with continuously varying parameters and novel ways of testing instrument components. This contribution will focus on a few examples. A pulsed magnet has been used to study diffraction under extreme fields. Continuous ramping of temperature is becoming standard on the POWGEN diffractometer. Battery degradation and phase transformations under heat and stress are often studied on the VULCAN diffractometer. Supercooled Al2O3 was studied on NOMAD. A study of a metallic glass through its glass transition was performed on the ARCS spectrometer, and the effect of source variation on chopper stability was studied for the SEQUOIA spectrometer. Besides a summary of these examples, an overview is provided of the hardware and software advances to enable these and many other event-based measurements.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600576718004727},
journal = {Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 51,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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