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Title: Rayleigh-Taylor mixing in supernova experiments

Abstract

Here, we report a scrupulous analysis of data in supernova experiments that are conducted at high power laser facilities in order to study core-collapse supernova SN1987A. Parameters of the experimental system are properly scaled to investigate the interaction of a blast-wave with helium-hydrogen interface, and the induced Rayleigh-Taylor instability and Rayleigh-Taylor mixing of the denser and lighter fluids with time-dependent acceleration. We analyze all available experimental images of the Rayleigh-Taylor flow in supernova experiments and measure delicate features of the interfacial dynamics. A new scaling is identified for calibration of experimental data to enable their accurate analysis and comparisons. By properly accounting for the imprint of the experimental conditions, the data set size and statistics are substantially increased. New theoretical solutions are reported to describe asymptotic dynamics of Rayleigh-Taylor flow with time-dependent acceleration by applying theoretical analysis that considers symmetries and momentum transport. Good qualitative and quantitative agreement is achieved of the experimental data with the theory and simulations. Our study indicates that in supernova experiments Rayleigh-Taylor flow is in the mixing regime, the interface amplitude contributes substantially to the characteristic length scale for energy dissipation; Rayleigh-Taylor mixing keeps order.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4];  [1]
  1. Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  3. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1460066
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-734918
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; 887086; TRN: US1901830
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Swisher, N. C., Kuranz, C. C., Arnett, D., Hurricane, O., Remington, B. A., Robey, H. F., and Abarzhi, S. I. Rayleigh-Taylor mixing in supernova experiments. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4931927.
Swisher, N. C., Kuranz, C. C., Arnett, D., Hurricane, O., Remington, B. A., Robey, H. F., & Abarzhi, S. I. Rayleigh-Taylor mixing in supernova experiments. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4931927.
Swisher, N. C., Kuranz, C. C., Arnett, D., Hurricane, O., Remington, B. A., Robey, H. F., and Abarzhi, S. I. Tue . "Rayleigh-Taylor mixing in supernova experiments". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4931927. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460066.
@article{osti_1460066,
title = {Rayleigh-Taylor mixing in supernova experiments},
author = {Swisher, N. C. and Kuranz, C. C. and Arnett, D. and Hurricane, O. and Remington, B. A. and Robey, H. F. and Abarzhi, S. I.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report a scrupulous analysis of data in supernova experiments that are conducted at high power laser facilities in order to study core-collapse supernova SN1987A. Parameters of the experimental system are properly scaled to investigate the interaction of a blast-wave with helium-hydrogen interface, and the induced Rayleigh-Taylor instability and Rayleigh-Taylor mixing of the denser and lighter fluids with time-dependent acceleration. We analyze all available experimental images of the Rayleigh-Taylor flow in supernova experiments and measure delicate features of the interfacial dynamics. A new scaling is identified for calibration of experimental data to enable their accurate analysis and comparisons. By properly accounting for the imprint of the experimental conditions, the data set size and statistics are substantially increased. New theoretical solutions are reported to describe asymptotic dynamics of Rayleigh-Taylor flow with time-dependent acceleration by applying theoretical analysis that considers symmetries and momentum transport. Good qualitative and quantitative agreement is achieved of the experimental data with the theory and simulations. Our study indicates that in supernova experiments Rayleigh-Taylor flow is in the mixing regime, the interface amplitude contributes substantially to the characteristic length scale for energy dissipation; Rayleigh-Taylor mixing keeps order.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4931927},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 10,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

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