skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Measurement of Degree of Compaction of Fine-Grained Soil Subgrade Using Light Dynamic Penetrometer

Abstract

To determine the degree of compaction of subgrades filled with fine-grained soil, the compaction test and light dynamic penetrometer (LDP) test were carried out for low liquid-limit clay samples with different water contents in laboratory. Then, a prediction equation of the penetration ratio (PR) defined as the depth per drop of the hammer of LDP, degree of compaction ( K ), and water content ( ω ) was built. After that, the existing fine-grained soil subgrades on LDP-based field tests were excavated. The on-site PR values, water contents, and degrees of compaction of slopes were obtained. The estimated degrees of compaction using the prediction equation were compared with measured values of the degree of compaction in field. The results show that there is good consistency between them, and an error within 3.5% was obtained. In addition, the water content should be determined firstly while using the prediction equation which is proposed in this study. Therefore, a numerical method of the water content of a subgrade was developed, and the predicted and measured water contents were compared, which shows a relatively high relativity. Then, the degree of compaction of fine-grained soil subgrades can be calculated according to the predicting equation, whichmore » involves the penetration ratio (PR) and the numerically calculated water content as input instead of the measured value in the field.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. National Engineering Laboratory of Highway Maintenance Technology, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
  2. National Engineering Laboratory of Highway Maintenance Technology, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China, Hunan Communications Research Institute, Changsha 410007, China
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity (OE), Advanced Grid Research & Development. Power Systems Engineering Research
OSTI Identifier:
1460050
Grant/Contract Number:  
2017YFC0805307
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Advances in Civil Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Advances in Civil Engineering Journal Volume: 2018; Journal ID: ISSN 1687-8086
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zhang, Junhui, Yao, Yongsheng, Zheng, Jianlong, Huang, Xiangqun, and Lan, Tian. Measurement of Degree of Compaction of Fine-Grained Soil Subgrade Using Light Dynamic Penetrometer. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1155/2018/1364868.
Zhang, Junhui, Yao, Yongsheng, Zheng, Jianlong, Huang, Xiangqun, & Lan, Tian. Measurement of Degree of Compaction of Fine-Grained Soil Subgrade Using Light Dynamic Penetrometer. Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.1155/2018/1364868.
Zhang, Junhui, Yao, Yongsheng, Zheng, Jianlong, Huang, Xiangqun, and Lan, Tian. Thu . "Measurement of Degree of Compaction of Fine-Grained Soil Subgrade Using Light Dynamic Penetrometer". Country unknown/Code not available. doi:10.1155/2018/1364868.
@article{osti_1460050,
title = {Measurement of Degree of Compaction of Fine-Grained Soil Subgrade Using Light Dynamic Penetrometer},
author = {Zhang, Junhui and Yao, Yongsheng and Zheng, Jianlong and Huang, Xiangqun and Lan, Tian},
abstractNote = {To determine the degree of compaction of subgrades filled with fine-grained soil, the compaction test and light dynamic penetrometer (LDP) test were carried out for low liquid-limit clay samples with different water contents in laboratory. Then, a prediction equation of the penetration ratio (PR) defined as the depth per drop of the hammer of LDP, degree of compaction ( K ), and water content ( ω ) was built. After that, the existing fine-grained soil subgrades on LDP-based field tests were excavated. The on-site PR values, water contents, and degrees of compaction of slopes were obtained. The estimated degrees of compaction using the prediction equation were compared with measured values of the degree of compaction in field. The results show that there is good consistency between them, and an error within 3.5% was obtained. In addition, the water content should be determined firstly while using the prediction equation which is proposed in this study. Therefore, a numerical method of the water content of a subgrade was developed, and the predicted and measured water contents were compared, which shows a relatively high relativity. Then, the degree of compaction of fine-grained soil subgrades can be calculated according to the predicting equation, which involves the penetration ratio (PR) and the numerically calculated water content as input instead of the measured value in the field.},
doi = {10.1155/2018/1364868},
journal = {Advances in Civil Engineering},
number = ,
volume = 2018,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1155/2018/1364868

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

PFWD, DCP and CBR correlations for evaluation of lateritic subgrades
journal, June 2009

  • George, Varghese; Rao, Nageshwar Ch.; Shivashankar, R.
  • International Journal of Pavement Engineering, Vol. 10, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1080/10298430802342765

Soil moisture, ground temperatures, and deformation of a high-speed railway embankment in Northeast China
journal, January 2017


Interrelations among the Soil-Water Retention, Hydraulic Conductivity, and Suction-Stress Characteristic Curves
journal, May 2014


Moisture movement in porous materials under temperature gradients
journal, January 1957

  • Philip, J. R.; De Vries, D. A.
  • Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 38, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/tr038i002p00222

Characterisation of stress and moisture-dependent resilient behaviour for compacted clays in South China
journal, June 2018


Evaluation of residual stress in self-adhesive resin cement by the thin ring cutting method
journal, January 2011


Modeling Long-Term Deformations of Unbound Pavement Materials Using the Miniaturized Pressuremeter Creep Data
journal, July 2016

  • Shaban, Alaa M.; Cosentino, Paul J.
  • Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 39, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1520/gtj20150273

Application of the Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) for determination of the engineering parameters of sandy soils
journal, October 2008


Old and New Embankment Splicing Technology in Highway Reconstruction Project
journal, July 2014


Determination of CBR for fine-grained soils using a dynamic lightweight cone penetrometer
journal, June 2014


Effects of Density and Moisture Variation on Dynamic Deformation Properties of Compacted Lateritic Soil
journal, January 2016

  • Liu, Weizheng; Qu, Shuai; Nie, Zhihong
  • Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 2016
  • DOI: 10.1155/2016/5951832

Comparisons of Different Suction Control Techniques by Water Retention Curves: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
journal, January 2015


Improved testing method of dynamic cone penetrometer in laboratory for evaluating compaction properties of soil subgrade
journal, September 2015


Nondestructive Measurement of Water Content and Moisture Migration of Unsaturated Red Clays in South China
journal, January 2015

  • Zhang, Junhui; Jiang, Qingping; Zhang, Yuqing
  • Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 2015
  • DOI: 10.1155/2015/542538

Measuring the residual stress in dental composites using a ring slitting method
journal, September 2005


Evaluation of the sand-cone method for determination of the in-situ density of soil
journal, September 2010


A dynamic cone penetrometer for measuring soil penetration resistance
journal, January 2002

  • Herrick, Jeffrey E.; Jones, Tim L.
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 66, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2002.1320

A Correlation Between Dynamic Cone Penetrometer Values and Pavement Layer Moduli
journal, January 2005

  • David Suits, L.; Sheahan, Tc; Chen, D-H
  • Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 28, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1520/gtj12312