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Title: Structural responses of metallic glasses under neutron irradiation

Abstract

Seeking nuclear materials that possess a high resistance to particle irradiation damage is a long-standing issue. Permanent defects, induced by irradiation, are primary structural changes, the accumulation of which will lead to structural damage and performance degradation in crystalline materials served in nuclear plants. In this work, structural responses of neutron irradiation in metallic glasses (MGs) have been investigated by making a series of experimental measurements, coupled with simulations in ZrCu amorphous alloys. It is found that, compared with crystalline alloys, MGs have some specific structural responses to neutron irradiation. Although neutron irradiation can induce transient vacancy-like defects in MGs, they are fully annihilated after structural relaxation by rearrangement of free volumes. In addition, the rearrangement of free volumes depends strongly on constituent elements. In particular, the change in free volumes occurs around the Zr atoms, rather than the Cu centers. This implies that there is a feasible strategy for identifying glassy materials with high structural stability against neutron irradiation by tailoring the microstructures, the systems, or the compositions in alloys. Furthermore, this work will shed light on the development of materials with high irradiation resistance.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [5];  [2]
  1. Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing (People's Republic of China)
  2. Missouri Univ. of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO (United States)
  3. China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang (People's Republic of China)
  4. Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), Shanghai (People's Republic of China)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division
OSTI Identifier:
1459947
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Yang, L., Li, H. Y., Wang, P. W., Wu, S. Y., Guo, G. Q., Liao, B., Guo, Q. L., Fan, X. Q., Huang, P., Lou, H. B., Guo, F. M., Zeng, Q. S., Sun, T., Ren, Y., and Chen, L. Y. Structural responses of metallic glasses under neutron irradiation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17099-2.
Yang, L., Li, H. Y., Wang, P. W., Wu, S. Y., Guo, G. Q., Liao, B., Guo, Q. L., Fan, X. Q., Huang, P., Lou, H. B., Guo, F. M., Zeng, Q. S., Sun, T., Ren, Y., & Chen, L. Y. Structural responses of metallic glasses under neutron irradiation. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17099-2.
Yang, L., Li, H. Y., Wang, P. W., Wu, S. Y., Guo, G. Q., Liao, B., Guo, Q. L., Fan, X. Q., Huang, P., Lou, H. B., Guo, F. M., Zeng, Q. S., Sun, T., Ren, Y., and Chen, L. Y. Fri . "Structural responses of metallic glasses under neutron irradiation". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17099-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1459947.
@article{osti_1459947,
title = {Structural responses of metallic glasses under neutron irradiation},
author = {Yang, L. and Li, H. Y. and Wang, P. W. and Wu, S. Y. and Guo, G. Q. and Liao, B. and Guo, Q. L. and Fan, X. Q. and Huang, P. and Lou, H. B. and Guo, F. M. and Zeng, Q. S. and Sun, T. and Ren, Y. and Chen, L. Y.},
abstractNote = {Seeking nuclear materials that possess a high resistance to particle irradiation damage is a long-standing issue. Permanent defects, induced by irradiation, are primary structural changes, the accumulation of which will lead to structural damage and performance degradation in crystalline materials served in nuclear plants. In this work, structural responses of neutron irradiation in metallic glasses (MGs) have been investigated by making a series of experimental measurements, coupled with simulations in ZrCu amorphous alloys. It is found that, compared with crystalline alloys, MGs have some specific structural responses to neutron irradiation. Although neutron irradiation can induce transient vacancy-like defects in MGs, they are fully annihilated after structural relaxation by rearrangement of free volumes. In addition, the rearrangement of free volumes depends strongly on constituent elements. In particular, the change in free volumes occurs around the Zr atoms, rather than the Cu centers. This implies that there is a feasible strategy for identifying glassy materials with high structural stability against neutron irradiation by tailoring the microstructures, the systems, or the compositions in alloys. Furthermore, this work will shed light on the development of materials with high irradiation resistance.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-17099-2},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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