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Title: Triose phosphate limitation in photosynthesis models reduces leaf photosynthesis and global terrestrial carbon storage

Abstract

Triose phosphate utilization (TPU)-limited photosynthesis occurs when carbon export from the Calvin-Benson cycle cannot keep pace with carbon inputs and processing. This condition is poorly constrained by observations but may become an increasingly important driver of global carbon cycling under future climate scenarios. However, the consequences of including or omitting TPU limitation in models have seldom been quantified. Here, we assess the impact of changing the representation of TPU limitation on leaf- and global-scale processes. At the leaf scale, TPU limits photosynthesis at cold temperatures, high CO2 concentrations, and high light levels. Consistent with leaf-scale results, global simulations using the Community Land Model version 4.5 illustrate that the standard representation of TPU limits carbon gain under present day and future conditions, most consistently at high latitudes. If the assumed TPU limitation is doubled, further restricting photosynthesis, terrestrial ecosystem carbon pools are reduced by 9 Pg by 2100 under a business-as-usual scenario. The impact of TPU limitation on global terrestrial carbon gain suggests that CO2 concentrations may increase more than expected if models omit TPU limitation, and highlights the need to better understand when TPU limitation is important, including variation among different plant types and acclimation to temperature and CO2.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States); Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  3. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  4. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  5. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  6. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA); USDA; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1459720
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1459167; OSTI ID: 1603664
Report Number(s):
BNL-206806-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-9326
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-91ER20021; 2015-67003-23485; FC03-97ER62402/A010; SC0012972; 2015-67003-23489; 1049033; SC0012704; FC03-97ER62402/377 A010; 1000026; FG02-91ER2002
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-9326
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; triose phosphate utilization; terrestrial carbon storage; photosynthesis models

Citation Formats

Lombardozzi, Danica L., Smith, Nicholas G., Cheng, Susan J., Dukes, Jeffrey S., Sharkey, Thomas D., Rogers, Alistair, Fisher, Rosie, and Bonan, Gordon B. Triose phosphate limitation in photosynthesis models reduces leaf photosynthesis and global terrestrial carbon storage. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aacf68.
Lombardozzi, Danica L., Smith, Nicholas G., Cheng, Susan J., Dukes, Jeffrey S., Sharkey, Thomas D., Rogers, Alistair, Fisher, Rosie, & Bonan, Gordon B. Triose phosphate limitation in photosynthesis models reduces leaf photosynthesis and global terrestrial carbon storage. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aacf68
Lombardozzi, Danica L., Smith, Nicholas G., Cheng, Susan J., Dukes, Jeffrey S., Sharkey, Thomas D., Rogers, Alistair, Fisher, Rosie, and Bonan, Gordon B. Sun . "Triose phosphate limitation in photosynthesis models reduces leaf photosynthesis and global terrestrial carbon storage". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aacf68.
@article{osti_1459720,
title = {Triose phosphate limitation in photosynthesis models reduces leaf photosynthesis and global terrestrial carbon storage},
author = {Lombardozzi, Danica L. and Smith, Nicholas G. and Cheng, Susan J. and Dukes, Jeffrey S. and Sharkey, Thomas D. and Rogers, Alistair and Fisher, Rosie and Bonan, Gordon B.},
abstractNote = {Triose phosphate utilization (TPU)-limited photosynthesis occurs when carbon export from the Calvin-Benson cycle cannot keep pace with carbon inputs and processing. This condition is poorly constrained by observations but may become an increasingly important driver of global carbon cycling under future climate scenarios. However, the consequences of including or omitting TPU limitation in models have seldom been quantified. Here, we assess the impact of changing the representation of TPU limitation on leaf- and global-scale processes. At the leaf scale, TPU limits photosynthesis at cold temperatures, high CO2 concentrations, and high light levels. Consistent with leaf-scale results, global simulations using the Community Land Model version 4.5 illustrate that the standard representation of TPU limits carbon gain under present day and future conditions, most consistently at high latitudes. If the assumed TPU limitation is doubled, further restricting photosynthesis, terrestrial ecosystem carbon pools are reduced by 9 Pg by 2100 under a business-as-usual scenario. The impact of TPU limitation on global terrestrial carbon gain suggests that CO2 concentrations may increase more than expected if models omit TPU limitation, and highlights the need to better understand when TPU limitation is important, including variation among different plant types and acclimation to temperature and CO2.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-9326/aacf68},
journal = {Environmental Research Letters},
number = 7,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aacf68

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Cited by: 29 works
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