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Title: Enhancement of CO 2 binding and mechanical properties upon diamine functionalization of M 2(dobpdc) metal–organic frameworks

The family of diamine-appended metal–organic frameworks exemplified by compounds of the type mmen–M 2(dobpdc) (mmen = N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine; M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Zn; dobpdc 4- = 4,4'-dioxidobiphenyl-3,3'-dicarboxylate) are adsorbents with significant potential for carbon capture, due to their high working capacities and strong selectivity for CO 2 that stem from a cooperative adsorption mechanism. Herein, we use first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations to quantitatively investigate the role of mmen ligands in dictating the framework properties. Our van der Waals-corrected DFT calculations indicate that electrostatic interactions between ammonium carbamate units significantly enhance the CO 2 binding strength relative to the unfunctionalized frameworks. Additionally, our computed energetics show that mmen–M 2(dobpdc) materials can selectively adsorb CO 2 under humid conditions, in agreement with experimental observations. The calculations further predict an increase of 112% and 124% in the orientationally-averaged Young's modulus E and shear modulus G, respectively, for mmen–Zn 2(dobpdc) compared to Zn 2(dobpdc), revealing a dramatic enhancement of mechanical properties associated with diamine functionalization. Taken together, our calculations demonstrate how functionalization with mmen ligands can enhance framework gas adsorption and mechanical properties.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [5] ;  [6]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry. Materials Sciences Division
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry. Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics. Kavli Energy Nanosciences Inst. at Berkeley
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; SC0001015
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-6520
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
OSTI Identifier:
1459397