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Title: Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings

Abstract

We report the design, fabrication, and characterization of ultralight highly emissive structures with a record-low mass per area that emit thermal radiation efficiently over a broad spectral (2 to 30 microns) and angular (0–60°) range. The structures comprise one to three pairs of alternating metallic and dielectric thin films and have measured effective 300 K hemispherical emissivity of 0.7 to 0.9 (inferred from angular measurements which cover a bandwidth corresponding to 88% of 300K blackbody power). To our knowledge, these micron-scale-thickness structures, are the lightest reported optical coatings with comparable infrared emissivity. As a result, the superior optical properties, together with their mechanical flexibility, low outgassing, and low areal mass, suggest that these coatings are candidates for thermal management in applications demanding of ultralight flexible structures, including aerospace applications, ultralight photovoltaics, lightweight flexible electronics, and textiles for thermal insulation.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI); California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1459058
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1503308
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001293
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Optics Express Journal Volume: 26 Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Thin films; Optical design and fabrication

Citation Formats

Naqavi, Ali, Loke, Samuel P., Kelzenberg, Michael D., Callahan, Dennis M., Tiwald, Tom, Warmann, Emily C., Espinet-González, Pilar, Vaidya, Nina, Roy, Tatiana A., Huang, Jing-Shun, Vinogradova, Tatiana G., and Atwater, Harry A. Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1364/OE.26.018545.
Naqavi, Ali, Loke, Samuel P., Kelzenberg, Michael D., Callahan, Dennis M., Tiwald, Tom, Warmann, Emily C., Espinet-González, Pilar, Vaidya, Nina, Roy, Tatiana A., Huang, Jing-Shun, Vinogradova, Tatiana G., & Atwater, Harry A. Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings. United States. doi:10.1364/OE.26.018545.
Naqavi, Ali, Loke, Samuel P., Kelzenberg, Michael D., Callahan, Dennis M., Tiwald, Tom, Warmann, Emily C., Espinet-González, Pilar, Vaidya, Nina, Roy, Tatiana A., Huang, Jing-Shun, Vinogradova, Tatiana G., and Atwater, Harry A. Thu . "Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings". United States. doi:10.1364/OE.26.018545.
@article{osti_1459058,
title = {Extremely broadband ultralight thermally-emissive optical coatings},
author = {Naqavi, Ali and Loke, Samuel P. and Kelzenberg, Michael D. and Callahan, Dennis M. and Tiwald, Tom and Warmann, Emily C. and Espinet-González, Pilar and Vaidya, Nina and Roy, Tatiana A. and Huang, Jing-Shun and Vinogradova, Tatiana G. and Atwater, Harry A.},
abstractNote = {We report the design, fabrication, and characterization of ultralight highly emissive structures with a record-low mass per area that emit thermal radiation efficiently over a broad spectral (2 to 30 microns) and angular (0–60°) range. The structures comprise one to three pairs of alternating metallic and dielectric thin films and have measured effective 300 K hemispherical emissivity of 0.7 to 0.9 (inferred from angular measurements which cover a bandwidth corresponding to 88% of 300K blackbody power). To our knowledge, these micron-scale-thickness structures, are the lightest reported optical coatings with comparable infrared emissivity. As a result, the superior optical properties, together with their mechanical flexibility, low outgassing, and low areal mass, suggest that these coatings are candidates for thermal management in applications demanding of ultralight flexible structures, including aerospace applications, ultralight photovoltaics, lightweight flexible electronics, and textiles for thermal insulation.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.26.018545},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 14,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1364/OE.26.018545

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    journal, October 2001

    • Qu, Wen-Li; Ko, Tze-Man; Vora, Rohit H.
    • Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 41, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/pen.10875

    Data analysis for spectroscopic ellipsometry
    journal, October 1993


    Structure and lattice dynamics of binary lead silicate glasses investigated by infrared spectroscopy
    journal, June 2006


    Evidence of germanium segregation in gold thin films
    journal, August 2018


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    journal, July 2016


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    journal, February 2015

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    • DOI: 10.1021/ph5004237

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    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2765

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    • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Article No. 2630
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3630

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    journal, February 1995

    • Herzinger, C. M.; Snyder, P. G.; Johs, B.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 77, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.358864

    Determination of AlAs optical constants by variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry and a multisample analysis
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    • Herzinger, C. M.; Yao, H.; Snyder, P. G.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 77, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.359435

    Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial
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    • Mason, J. A.; Smith, S.; Wasserman, D.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 98, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3600779

    Nanoscale thermal transport. II. 2003–2012
    journal, March 2014

    • Cahill, David G.; Braun, Paul V.; Chen, Gang
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    • Zhu, Linxiao; Raman, Aaswath; Fan, Shanhui
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4835995

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