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Title: Impact of Defects in Powder Feedstock Materials on Microstructure of 304L and 316L Stainless Steel Produced by Additive Manufacturing

Recent work in both 304L and 316L stainless steel produced by additive manufacturing (AM) has shown that in addition to the unique, characteristic microstructures formed during the process, a fine dispersion of sub-micron particles, with a chemistry different from either the powder feedstock or the expected final material, are evident in the final microstructure. Such fine-scale features can only be resolved using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) or similar techniques. The present paper uses electron microscopy to study both the initial powder feedstock and microstructures in final AM parts. Special attention is paid to the chemistry and origin of these nanoscale particles in several different metal alloys, and their impact on the final build. Finally, comparisons to traditional, wrought material will be made.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27531
Journal ID: ISSN 1073-5623
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1073-5623
Publisher:
ASM International
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; transmission electron microscopy (TEM), additive manufacturing (AM), microstructure
OSTI Identifier:
1458957

Morrow, Benjamin M., Lienert, Thomas J., Knapp, Cameron M., Sutton, Jacob O., Brand, Michael J., Pacheco, Robin M., Livescu, Veronica, Carpenter, John S., and Gray, George T.. Impact of Defects in Powder Feedstock Materials on Microstructure of 304L and 316L Stainless Steel Produced by Additive Manufacturing. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/s11661-018-4661-9.
Morrow, Benjamin M., Lienert, Thomas J., Knapp, Cameron M., Sutton, Jacob O., Brand, Michael J., Pacheco, Robin M., Livescu, Veronica, Carpenter, John S., & Gray, George T.. Impact of Defects in Powder Feedstock Materials on Microstructure of 304L and 316L Stainless Steel Produced by Additive Manufacturing. United States. doi:10.1007/s11661-018-4661-9.
Morrow, Benjamin M., Lienert, Thomas J., Knapp, Cameron M., Sutton, Jacob O., Brand, Michael J., Pacheco, Robin M., Livescu, Veronica, Carpenter, John S., and Gray, George T.. 2018. "Impact of Defects in Powder Feedstock Materials on Microstructure of 304L and 316L Stainless Steel Produced by Additive Manufacturing". United States. doi:10.1007/s11661-018-4661-9.
@article{osti_1458957,
title = {Impact of Defects in Powder Feedstock Materials on Microstructure of 304L and 316L Stainless Steel Produced by Additive Manufacturing},
author = {Morrow, Benjamin M. and Lienert, Thomas J. and Knapp, Cameron M. and Sutton, Jacob O. and Brand, Michael J. and Pacheco, Robin M. and Livescu, Veronica and Carpenter, John S. and Gray, George T.},
abstractNote = {Recent work in both 304L and 316L stainless steel produced by additive manufacturing (AM) has shown that in addition to the unique, characteristic microstructures formed during the process, a fine dispersion of sub-micron particles, with a chemistry different from either the powder feedstock or the expected final material, are evident in the final microstructure. Such fine-scale features can only be resolved using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) or similar techniques. The present paper uses electron microscopy to study both the initial powder feedstock and microstructures in final AM parts. Special attention is paid to the chemistry and origin of these nanoscale particles in several different metal alloys, and their impact on the final build. Finally, comparisons to traditional, wrought material will be made.},
doi = {10.1007/s11661-018-4661-9},
journal = {Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science},
number = 8,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}