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Title: Diffusion-dominated mixing in moderate convergence implosions

Abstract

High-$Z$ material mixed into the fuel degrades inertial fusion implosions and can prevent ignition. Mix is often assumed to be dominated by hydrodynamic instabilities, but in this paper we report Omega data, using shells with $${\sim}150\mathrm{nm}$$ deuterated layers to gain unprecedented resolution, which give strong evidence that the dominant mix mechanism is diffusion for these moderate temperature ($${\lesssim}6$$ keV) and convergence ($${\sim}12$$) implosions. Finally, small-scale instability-driven or turbulent mix is negligible.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. AWE plc, Reading (United Kingdom). Plasma Physics Dept.
  3. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  4. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10); LANL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1458956
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1454311
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27467
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0045; TRN: US1901536
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; NA0001808; AC52-06NA52396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review E
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0045
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; diffusion; hydrodynamic instabilities; inertial confinement fusion

Citation Formats

Zylstra, A. B., Hoffman, N. M., Herrmann, H. W., Schmitt, M. J., Kim, Y. H., Meaney, K., Leatherland, A., Gales, S., Forrest, C., Glebov, V. Yu., Schoff, M., Hoppe, M., and Ravelo, N. Diffusion-dominated mixing in moderate convergence implosions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.97.061201.
Zylstra, A. B., Hoffman, N. M., Herrmann, H. W., Schmitt, M. J., Kim, Y. H., Meaney, K., Leatherland, A., Gales, S., Forrest, C., Glebov, V. Yu., Schoff, M., Hoppe, M., & Ravelo, N. Diffusion-dominated mixing in moderate convergence implosions. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.97.061201.
Zylstra, A. B., Hoffman, N. M., Herrmann, H. W., Schmitt, M. J., Kim, Y. H., Meaney, K., Leatherland, A., Gales, S., Forrest, C., Glebov, V. Yu., Schoff, M., Hoppe, M., and Ravelo, N. Thu . "Diffusion-dominated mixing in moderate convergence implosions". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.97.061201.
@article{osti_1458956,
title = {Diffusion-dominated mixing in moderate convergence implosions},
author = {Zylstra, A. B. and Hoffman, N. M. and Herrmann, H. W. and Schmitt, M. J. and Kim, Y. H. and Meaney, K. and Leatherland, A. and Gales, S. and Forrest, C. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Schoff, M. and Hoppe, M. and Ravelo, N.},
abstractNote = {High-$Z$ material mixed into the fuel degrades inertial fusion implosions and can prevent ignition. Mix is often assumed to be dominated by hydrodynamic instabilities, but in this paper we report Omega data, using shells with ${\sim}150\mathrm{nm}$ deuterated layers to gain unprecedented resolution, which give strong evidence that the dominant mix mechanism is diffusion for these moderate temperature (${\lesssim}6$ keV) and convergence (${\sim}12$) implosions. Finally, small-scale instability-driven or turbulent mix is negligible.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.97.061201},
journal = {Physical Review E},
number = 6,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Laser Compression of Matter to Super-High Densities: Thermonuclear (CTR) Applications
journal, September 1972

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