skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: In-situ visualization of solute-driven phase coexistence within individual nanorods

Abstract

Nanorods are promising components of energy and information storage devices that rely on solute-driven phase transformations, due to their large surface-to-volume ratio and ability to accommodate strain. Here we investigate the hydrogen-induced phase transition in individual penta-twinned palladium nanorods of varying aspect ratios with ~3 nm spatial resolution to understand the correlation between nanorod structure and thermodynamics. We find that the hydrogenated phase preferentially nucleates at the rod tips, progressing along the length of the nanorods with increasing hydrogen pressure. While nucleation pressure is nearly constant for all lengths, the number of phase boundaries is length-dependent, with stable phase coexistence always occurring for rods longer than 55 nm. Moreover, such coexistence occurs within individual crystallites of the nanorods and is accompanied by defect formation, as supported by in situ electron microscopy and elastic energy calculations. In conclusion, these results highlight the effect of particle shape and dimension on thermodynamics, informing nanorod design for improved device cyclability.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [4]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. DIFFER - Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
  4. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1458738
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Hayee, Fariah, Narayan, Tarun C., Nadkarni, Neel, Baldi, Andrea, Koh, Ai Leen, Bazant, Martin Z., Sinclair, Robert, and Dionne, Jennifer A. In-situ visualization of solute-driven phase coexistence within individual nanorods. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04021-1.
Hayee, Fariah, Narayan, Tarun C., Nadkarni, Neel, Baldi, Andrea, Koh, Ai Leen, Bazant, Martin Z., Sinclair, Robert, & Dionne, Jennifer A. In-situ visualization of solute-driven phase coexistence within individual nanorods. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04021-1.
Hayee, Fariah, Narayan, Tarun C., Nadkarni, Neel, Baldi, Andrea, Koh, Ai Leen, Bazant, Martin Z., Sinclair, Robert, and Dionne, Jennifer A. Wed . "In-situ visualization of solute-driven phase coexistence within individual nanorods". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-04021-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458738.
@article{osti_1458738,
title = {In-situ visualization of solute-driven phase coexistence within individual nanorods},
author = {Hayee, Fariah and Narayan, Tarun C. and Nadkarni, Neel and Baldi, Andrea and Koh, Ai Leen and Bazant, Martin Z. and Sinclair, Robert and Dionne, Jennifer A.},
abstractNote = {Nanorods are promising components of energy and information storage devices that rely on solute-driven phase transformations, due to their large surface-to-volume ratio and ability to accommodate strain. Here we investigate the hydrogen-induced phase transition in individual penta-twinned palladium nanorods of varying aspect ratios with ~3 nm spatial resolution to understand the correlation between nanorod structure and thermodynamics. We find that the hydrogenated phase preferentially nucleates at the rod tips, progressing along the length of the nanorods with increasing hydrogen pressure. While nucleation pressure is nearly constant for all lengths, the number of phase boundaries is length-dependent, with stable phase coexistence always occurring for rods longer than 55 nm. Moreover, such coexistence occurs within individual crystallites of the nanorods and is accompanied by defect formation, as supported by in situ electron microscopy and elastic energy calculations. In conclusion, these results highlight the effect of particle shape and dimension on thermodynamics, informing nanorod design for improved device cyclability.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-04021-1},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1 : Pd nanorod schematic, micrograph, and diffraction pattern. a A three-dimensional view of a penta-twinned nanorod with (100) planes in the long edges and (111) planes at the tips. b, c TEM images of a long nanorod synthesized using seedless synthesis28 and a short nanorod synthesized using amore » seeded growth29. Scale bars are 100 and 10 nm, respectively. d Diffraction pattern of a representative penta-twinned nanorod, showing 001h i (red-dotted line) and 112h i (yellow-dotted line) zone axes. e High-resolution image showing (111) lattice fringes along the length of the nanorod. d111= 2.2 Å. Scale bar is 2 nm« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Metal hydride materials for solid hydrogen storage: A review☆
journal, June 2007


Reconstructing solute-induced phase transformations within individual nanocrystals
journal, April 2016

  • Narayan, Tarun C.; Baldi, Andrea; Koh, Ai Leen
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4620

Three-dimensional imaging of dislocation dynamics during the hydriding phase transformation
journal, January 2017

  • Ulvestad, A.; Welland, M. J.; Cha, W.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4842

Novel Nonvolatile Memory with Multibit Storage Based on a ZnO Nanowire Transistor
journal, November 2010

  • Sohn, Jung Inn; Choi, Su Seok; Morris, Stephen M.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl1013713

Hybrid Nanorod-Polymer Solar Cells
journal, March 2002

  • Huynh, W. U.; Dittmer, Janke J.; Alivisatos, A. Paul
  • Science, Vol. 295, Issue 5564, p. 2425-2427
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1069156

Topological defect dynamics in operando battery nanoparticles
journal, June 2015


Hydride formation thermodynamics and hysteresis in individual Pd nanocrystals with different size and shape
journal, September 2015

  • Syrenova, Svetlana; Wadell, Carl; Nugroho, Ferry A. A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4409

Ultrathin Spinel LiMn 2 O 4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, October 2010

  • Lee, Hyun-Wook; Muralidharan, P.; Ruffo, Riccardo
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl101047f

Thermodynamics of open two-phase systems with coherent interfaces: Application to metal–hydrogen systems
journal, January 2006


Length tunable penta-twinned palladium nanorods: seedless synthesis and electrooxidation of formic acid
journal, January 2014

  • Tang, Yongan; Edelmann, Richard E.; Zou, Shouzhong
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 6, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4nr00299g

A graphical user-friendly interface for MCR-ALS: a new tool for multivariate curve resolution in MATLAB
journal, March 2005

  • Jaumot, Joaquim; Gargallo, Raimundo; de Juan, Anna
  • Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, Vol. 76, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2004.12.007

TEM Study of Fracturing in Spherical and Plate-like LiFePO[sub 4] Particles
journal, January 2008

  • Gabrisch, H.; Wilcox, J.; Doeff, M. M.
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2826746

Theory of Coherent Nucleation in Phase-Separating Nanoparticles
journal, May 2013

  • Cogswell, Daniel A.; Bazant, Martin Z.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl400497t

Smaller is Faster and More Sensitive: The Effect of Wire Size on the Detection of Hydrogen by Single Palladium Nanowires
journal, August 2010

  • Yang, Fan; Kung, Sheng-Chin; Cheng, Ming
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn101475c

Structure-Sensitive CO 2 Electroreduction to Hydrocarbons on Ultrathin 5-fold Twinned Copper Nanowires
journal, January 2017


Influence of anisotropic elasticity on the mechanical properties of fivefold twinned nanowires
journal, November 2015

  • Niekiel, Florian; Spiecker, Erdmann; Bitzek, Erik
  • Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Vol. 84
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2015.08.004

Nanowire dye-sensitized solar cells
journal, May 2005

  • Law, Matt; Greene, Lori E.; Johnson, Justin C.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 6, p. 455-459
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1387

Formation of Palladium Nanostructures in a Seed-Mediated Synthesis through an Oriented-Attachment-Directed Aggregation
journal, July 2009

  • Bisson, Laure; Boissiere, Cedric; Nicole, Lionel
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm803421v

Enhanced absorption and carrier collection in Si wire arrays for photovoltaic applications
journal, February 2010

  • Kelzenberg, Michael D.; Boettcher, Shannon W.; Petykiewicz, Jan A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 3, p. 239-244
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2635

Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices
journal, May 2005

  • Aricò, Antonino Salvatore; Bruce, Peter; Scrosati, Bruno
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5, p. 366-377
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1368

Finite-Size Effects: Hydrogen in Fe / V (001) Superlattices
journal, July 2014


Orbitalwise Coordination Number for Predicting Adsorption Properties of Metal Nanocatalysts
journal, January 2017


Nanomaterials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, April 2008

  • Bruce, Peter G.; Scrosati, Bruno; Tarascon, Jean-Marie
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 16, p. 2930-2946
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200702505

Low-Dimensional Palladium Nanostructures for Fast and Reliable Hydrogen Gas Detection
journal, January 2011

  • Noh, Jin-Seo; Lee, Jun Min; Lee, Wooyoung
  • Sensors, Vol. 11, Issue 1, p. 825-851
  • DOI: 10.3390/s110100825

Use of misfit strain to remove dislocations from epitaxial thin films
journal, April 1976


Narrowing of the palladium-hydrogen miscibility gap in nanocrystalline palladium
journal, July 1993

  • Eastman, J. A.; Thompson, L. J.; Kestel, B. J.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 48, Issue 1, p. 84-92
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.48.84

Equilibrium limits of coherency in strained nanowire heterostructures
journal, June 2005

  • Ertekin, Elif; Greaney, P. A.; Chrzan, D. C.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1903106

Nanostructured electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and conversion
journal, January 2008

  • Manthiram, A.; Vadivel Murugan, A.; Sarkar, A.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/b811802g

Direct visualization of hydrogen absorption dynamics in individual palladium nanoparticles
journal, January 2017

  • Narayan, Tarun C.; Hayee, Fariah; Baldi, Andrea
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14020

Light Trapping in Silicon Nanowire Solar Cells
journal, January 2010

  • Garnett, Erik; Yang, Peidong
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 3, p. 1082-1087
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl100161z

General synthesis of carbon-coated nanostructure Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 as a high rate electrode material for Li-ion intercalation
journal, January 2010

  • Cheng, Liang; Yan, Jing; Zhu, Guan-Nan
  • J. Mater. Chem., Vol. 20, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/B914604K

Nanowire photonics
journal, October 2009


Temperature dependence of magnetoresistance and Hall effect in Mg 2 NiH x films
journal, March 2004


Spinel LiMn 2 O 4 Nanorods as Lithium Ion Battery Cathodes
journal, November 2008

  • Kim, Do Kyung; Muralidharan, P.; Lee, Hyun-Wook
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl8024328

Effect of lattice strain on hydrogen diffusion in Pd: A density functional theory study
journal, August 2011


Nanowire-based dye-sensitized solar cells
journal, January 2005

  • Baxter, Jason B.; Aydil, Eray S.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1861510

Spatial Variation of Available Electronic Excitations within Individual Quantum Dots
journal, January 2013

  • Jung, Hee Joon; Dasgupta, Neil P.; Van Stockum, Philip B.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl304400c

Growth and form of gold nanorods prepared by seed-mediated, surfactant-directed synthesis
journal, April 2002

  • Johnson, Christopher J.; Dujardin, Erik; Davis, Sean A.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/b200953f

3D Bragg coherent diffractive imaging of five-fold multiply twinned gold nanoparticle
journal, January 2017

  • Kim, Jong Woo; Ulvestad, Andrew; Manna, Sohini
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 9, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7NR05028C

Achieving reversibility of ultra-high mechanical stress by hydrogen loading of thin films
journal, June 2015

  • Hamm, M.; Burlaka, V.; Wagner, S.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4922285

Thermodynamics of the hybrid interaction of hydrogen with palladium nanoparticles
journal, November 2015

  • Griessen, Ronald; Strohfeldt, Nikolai; Giessen, Harald
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4480

Structural Characteristics and Growth of Pentagonal Silver Nanorods Prepared by a Surfactant Method
journal, April 2005

  • Ni, Chaoying; Hassan, Puthusserickal A.; Kaler, Eric W.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 21, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/la046807c

In situ detection of hydrogen-induced phase transitions in individual palladium nanocrystals
journal, September 2014

  • Baldi, Andrea; Narayan, Tarun C.; Koh, Ai Leen
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4086

Nanosize Effects on Hydrogen Storage in Palladium
journal, March 2008

  • Yamauchi, Miho; Ikeda, Ryuichi; Kitagawa, Hiroshi
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp710447j

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.