skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ultrafast shock compression of PDMS-based polymers

Abstract

The shock response of polymers is important for a number of commercial and defense–related applications, but it is difficult to obtain empirical shock response data over the wide range of preparations and aging conditions typically found in such applications. Ultrafast compression is useful to characterize polymer shock response over a wide range of polymer initial conditions due to the high throughput of this method. To establish greater confidence in ultrafast compression experiments and to characterize the detailed shock response of several variations in a single base polymer, the results of sub–nanosecond shock compression experiments in ~5 μm thick layers of the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)–based elastomeric rubbers Sylgard–184, SE1700, and an unfilled, end–linked model PDMS network are presented. The results of conventional ultrafast shock etalon measurements to time–of–flight measurements for similar thickness layers of irradiated and unirradiated SE1700 are compared. Here, good agreement between the shock response measured by these two ultrafast shock methods, as well as consistency between ultrafast data and long time scale gas gun data is found.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1458706
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1421566
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-741919
Journal ID: ISSN 0887-6266; 895994
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Polymer Science. Part B, Polymer Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0887-6266
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; compression; dynamic mechanical properties; elastomers; irradiation; polydimethylsiloxane; response; shock; strain; strength; ultrafast

Citation Formats

Armstrong, Michael R., Grivickas, Paulius V., Sawvel, April M., Lewicki, James P., Crowhurst, Jonathan C., Zaug, Joseph M., Radousky, Harry B., Stavrou, Elissaios, Alviso, Cynthia T., Hamilton, Julie, and Maxwell, Robert S. Ultrafast shock compression of PDMS-based polymers. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/polb.24589.
Armstrong, Michael R., Grivickas, Paulius V., Sawvel, April M., Lewicki, James P., Crowhurst, Jonathan C., Zaug, Joseph M., Radousky, Harry B., Stavrou, Elissaios, Alviso, Cynthia T., Hamilton, Julie, & Maxwell, Robert S. Ultrafast shock compression of PDMS-based polymers. United States. doi:10.1002/polb.24589.
Armstrong, Michael R., Grivickas, Paulius V., Sawvel, April M., Lewicki, James P., Crowhurst, Jonathan C., Zaug, Joseph M., Radousky, Harry B., Stavrou, Elissaios, Alviso, Cynthia T., Hamilton, Julie, and Maxwell, Robert S. Fri . "Ultrafast shock compression of PDMS-based polymers". United States. doi:10.1002/polb.24589. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458706.
@article{osti_1458706,
title = {Ultrafast shock compression of PDMS-based polymers},
author = {Armstrong, Michael R. and Grivickas, Paulius V. and Sawvel, April M. and Lewicki, James P. and Crowhurst, Jonathan C. and Zaug, Joseph M. and Radousky, Harry B. and Stavrou, Elissaios and Alviso, Cynthia T. and Hamilton, Julie and Maxwell, Robert S.},
abstractNote = {The shock response of polymers is important for a number of commercial and defense–related applications, but it is difficult to obtain empirical shock response data over the wide range of preparations and aging conditions typically found in such applications. Ultrafast compression is useful to characterize polymer shock response over a wide range of polymer initial conditions due to the high throughput of this method. To establish greater confidence in ultrafast compression experiments and to characterize the detailed shock response of several variations in a single base polymer, the results of sub–nanosecond shock compression experiments in ~5 μm thick layers of the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)–based elastomeric rubbers Sylgard–184, SE1700, and an unfilled, end–linked model PDMS network are presented. The results of conventional ultrafast shock etalon measurements to time–of–flight measurements for similar thickness layers of irradiated and unirradiated SE1700 are compared. Here, good agreement between the shock response measured by these two ultrafast shock methods, as well as consistency between ultrafast data and long time scale gas gun data is found.},
doi = {10.1002/polb.24589},
journal = {Journal of Polymer Science. Part B, Polymer Physics},
number = 11,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: The experimental scheme. a) A wide-view schematic of the experiment; b) A close-up of the sample geometry; c) A picture of the sample from the receiver side. The squares are aluminum receivers. Shots on (for ToF arrival) and off (for shock etalon/piston arrival) the receivers are shown; d)more » a surface profile of the sample showing the Al/Ti ablation surface in blue and the receiver surfaces in red. The scale bar gives optical thickness, where the actual thickness is the optical thickness divided by the index of refraction.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A transient semimetallic layer in detonating nitromethane
journal, December 2007

  • Reed, Evan J.; Riad Manaa, M.; Fried, Laurence E.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys806

Simultaneous adsorptive removal of methylene blue and copper ions from aqueous solution by ferrocene-modified cation exchange resin
journal, June 2014

  • Wang, Qian; Zhang, Dehua; Tian, Senlin
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 131, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.41029

Invariance of the Dissipative Action at Ultrahigh Strain Rates Above the Strong Shock Threshold
journal, September 2011


The α→ϵ phase transition in iron at strain rates up to ∼10 9  s −1
journal, March 2014

  • Crowhurst, Jonathan C.; Reed, Bryan W.; Armstrong, Michael R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4868676

Ultrafast nonlinear optical method for generation of planar shocks
journal, January 2001

  • Moore, D. S.; Gahagan, K. T.; Reho, J. H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 78, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1337629

The dynamic mechanical behavior of polymethyl methacrylate
journal, April 1974

  • Schuler, K. W.; Nunziato, J. W.
  • Rheologica Acta, Vol. 13, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01520887

Thermal Degradation Behavior and Product Speciation in Model Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Networks
journal, November 2011

  • Lewicki, James P.; Mayer, Brian P.; Alviso, Cynthia T.
  • Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10904-011-9625-0

Shock Induced Reaction Observed via Ultrafast Infrared Absorption in Poly(vinyl nitrate) Films
journal, October 2004

  • McGrane, S. D.; Moore, D. S.; Funk, D. J.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 108, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp048464x

Ultrafast Shock Compression of an Oxygen-Balanced Mixture of Nitromethane and Hydrogen Peroxide
journal, July 2014

  • Armstrong, Michael R.; Zaug, Joseph M.; Grant, Christian D.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 118, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp502891p

Shock Compression of Organic Polymers and Proteins:  Ultrafast Structural Relaxation Dynamics and Energy Landscapes
journal, May 2000

  • Kim, Hackjin; Hambir, Selezion A.; Dlott, Dana D.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 104, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp994153o

Ultrafast Shock Initiation of Exothermic Chemistry in Hydrogen Peroxide
journal, October 2013

  • Armstrong, Michael R.; Zaug, Joseph M.; Goldman, Nir
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 117, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp407595u

Linking Network Microstructure to Macroscopic Properties of Siloxane Elastomers Using Combined Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Mesoscale Computational Modeling
journal, October 2011

  • Mayer, Brian P.; Lewicki, James P.; Weisgraber, Todd H.
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 44, Issue 20, p. 8106-8115
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma2019039

Development of Polydimethylsiloxane Substrates with Tunable Elastic Modulus to Study Cell Mechanobiology in Muscle and Nerve
journal, December 2012


The elastic-plastic response of aluminum films to ultrafast laser-generated shocks
journal, January 2011

  • Whitley, V. H.; McGrane, S. D.; Eakins, D. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3506696

The Effects of Changing Chemistry on the Shock Response of Basic Polymers
journal, May 2016

  • Millett, J. C. F.; Brown, E. N.; Gray, G. T.
  • Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40870-016-0068-0

On the Shock Response of Polymers to Extreme Loading
journal, February 2016


Dynamic compression of materials: metallization of fluid hydrogen at high pressures
journal, April 2006


Ultrafast Dynamics of Shock Waves in Polymers and Proteins: The Energy Landscape
journal, December 1999


Elastic properties of model polymer networks
journal, January 1981


Ultrafast observation of shocked states in a precompressed material
journal, July 2010

  • Armstrong, Michael R.; Crowhurst, Jonathan C.; Bastea, Sorin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 108, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3460801

Linear Shock‐Velocity‐Particle‐Velocity Relationship
journal, December 1967

  • Ruoff, Arthur L.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1709263

Single shot measurements of laser driven shock waves using ultrafast dynamic ellipsometry
journal, August 2007

  • Bolme, C. A.; McGrane, S. D.; Moore, D. S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 102, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2767376

Publisher's Note: “Dynamics of polymer response to nanosecond shock compression” [Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 , 101914 (2014)]
journal, April 2014

  • Banishev, Alexandr A.; Shaw, William L.; Dlott, Dana D.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4871987

Seeking an Understanding with Silicones
journal, December 2014


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.