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Title: First Results from a Microwave Cavity Axion Search at 24 μ eV

Abstract

In this paper, we report on the first results from a new microwave cavity search for dark matter axions with masses above 20 μ eV . We exclude axion models with two-photon coupling g a γ γ 2 × 10 - 14 GeV - 1 over the range 23.55 < m a < 24.0 μ eV . These results represent two important achievements. First, we have reached cosmologically relevant sensitivity an order of magnitude higher in mass than any existing limits. Second and finally, by incorporating a dilution refrigerator and Josephson parametric amplifier, we have demonstrated total noise approaching the standard quantum limit for the first time in an axion search.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4]
  1. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
  3. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Physics; National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States). JILA
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Physics Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF); Heising-Simons Foundation (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1458685
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1343348
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-737876
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; 888246; TRN: US1901506
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; PHY-1362305; PHY-1306729; 2014-181; 2014-182; 2014-183
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; particle dark matter; axions; cavity resonators; dark matter detectors; dilution refrigerator; superconducting devices

Citation Formats

Brubaker, B. M., Zhong, L., Gurevich, Y. V., Cahn, S. B., Lamoreaux, S. K., Simanovskaia, M., Root, J. R., Lewis, S. M., Al Kenany, S., Backes, K. M., Urdinaran, I., Rapidis, N. M., Shokair, T. M., van Bibber, K. A., Palken, D. A., Malnou, M., Kindel, W. F., Anil, M. A., Lehnert, K. W., and Carosi, G. First Results from a Microwave Cavity Axion Search at 24 μeV. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.061302.
Brubaker, B. M., Zhong, L., Gurevich, Y. V., Cahn, S. B., Lamoreaux, S. K., Simanovskaia, M., Root, J. R., Lewis, S. M., Al Kenany, S., Backes, K. M., Urdinaran, I., Rapidis, N. M., Shokair, T. M., van Bibber, K. A., Palken, D. A., Malnou, M., Kindel, W. F., Anil, M. A., Lehnert, K. W., & Carosi, G. First Results from a Microwave Cavity Axion Search at 24 μeV. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.061302.
Brubaker, B. M., Zhong, L., Gurevich, Y. V., Cahn, S. B., Lamoreaux, S. K., Simanovskaia, M., Root, J. R., Lewis, S. M., Al Kenany, S., Backes, K. M., Urdinaran, I., Rapidis, N. M., Shokair, T. M., van Bibber, K. A., Palken, D. A., Malnou, M., Kindel, W. F., Anil, M. A., Lehnert, K. W., and Carosi, G. Thu . "First Results from a Microwave Cavity Axion Search at 24 μeV". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.061302. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458685.
@article{osti_1458685,
title = {First Results from a Microwave Cavity Axion Search at 24 μeV},
author = {Brubaker, B. M. and Zhong, L. and Gurevich, Y. V. and Cahn, S. B. and Lamoreaux, S. K. and Simanovskaia, M. and Root, J. R. and Lewis, S. M. and Al Kenany, S. and Backes, K. M. and Urdinaran, I. and Rapidis, N. M. and Shokair, T. M. and van Bibber, K. A. and Palken, D. A. and Malnou, M. and Kindel, W. F. and Anil, M. A. and Lehnert, K. W. and Carosi, G.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we report on the first results from a new microwave cavity search for dark matter axions with masses above 20 μeV. We exclude axion models with two-photon coupling gaγγ≳2×10-14 GeV-1 over the range 23.55<ma<24.0 μeV. These results represent two important achievements. First, we have reached cosmologically relevant sensitivity an order of magnitude higher in mass than any existing limits. Second and finally, by incorporating a dilution refrigerator and Josephson parametric amplifier, we have demonstrated total noise approaching the standard quantum limit for the first time in an axion search.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.061302},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}

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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Simplified receiver diagram. Blue arrows indicate the path that a putative axion signal would take through the system, and black arrows indicate other paths. A vector network analyzer (VNA) is used to measure the cavity’s frequency response in both transmission and reflection.

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    A new experimental approach to probe QCD axion dark matter in the mass range above $${ 40}\,{\upmu }\mathrm{{eV}}$$ 40 μ eV
    journal, March 2019


    Cosmological window onto the string axiverse and the supersymmetry breaking scale
    journal, March 2019


    A new experimental approach to probe QCD axion dark matter in the mass range above $${ 40}\,{\upmu }\mathrm{{eV}}$$ 40 μ eV
    journal, March 2019


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