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Title: The Influence of Hydraulic Fracturing on Carbon Storage Performance: Hydraulic Fracturing in Carbon Storage

Abstract

We report that conventional principles of the design and operation of geologic carbon storage (GCS) require injecting CO 2 below the caprock fracturing pressure to ensure the integrity of the storage complex. In nonideal storage reservoirs with relatively low permeability, pressure buildup can lead to hydraulic fracturing of the reservoir and caprock. While the GCS community has generally viewed hydraulic fractures as a key risk to storage integrity, a carefully designed stimulation treatment under appropriate geologic conditions could provide improved injectivity while maintaining overall seal integrity. A vertically contained hydraulic fracture, either in the reservoir rock or extending a limited height into the caprock, provides an effective means to access reservoir volume far from the injection well. Employing a fully coupled numerical model of hydraulic fracturing, solid deformation, and matrix fluid flow, we study the enabling conditions, processes, and mechanisms of hydraulic fracturing during CO 2 injection. A hydraulic fracture's pressure-limiting behavior dictates that the near-well fluid pressure is only slightly higher than the fracturing pressure of the rock and is insensitive to injection rate and mechanical properties of the formation. Although a fracture contained solely within the reservoir rock with no caprock penetration, would be an ideal scenario, poroelasticmore » principles dictate that sustaining such a fracture could lead to continuously increasing pressure until the caprock fractures. We also investigate the propagation pattern and injection pressure responses of a hydraulic fracture propagating in a caprock subjected to heterogeneous in situ stress. In conclusion, the results have important implications for the use of hydraulic fracturing as a tool for managing storage performance.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Atmospheric, Earth, and Energy Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1458680
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-738072
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313; 891040
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; hydraulic fracture; geologic carbon sequestration; Caprock integrity

Citation Formats

Fu, Pengcheng, Settgast, Randolph R., Hao, Yue, Morris, Joseph P., and Ryerson, Frederick J. The Influence of Hydraulic Fracturing on Carbon Storage Performance: Hydraulic Fracturing in Carbon Storage. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017JB014942.
Fu, Pengcheng, Settgast, Randolph R., Hao, Yue, Morris, Joseph P., & Ryerson, Frederick J. The Influence of Hydraulic Fracturing on Carbon Storage Performance: Hydraulic Fracturing in Carbon Storage. United States. doi:10.1002/2017JB014942.
Fu, Pengcheng, Settgast, Randolph R., Hao, Yue, Morris, Joseph P., and Ryerson, Frederick J. Thu . "The Influence of Hydraulic Fracturing on Carbon Storage Performance: Hydraulic Fracturing in Carbon Storage". United States. doi:10.1002/2017JB014942. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458680.
@article{osti_1458680,
title = {The Influence of Hydraulic Fracturing on Carbon Storage Performance: Hydraulic Fracturing in Carbon Storage},
author = {Fu, Pengcheng and Settgast, Randolph R. and Hao, Yue and Morris, Joseph P. and Ryerson, Frederick J.},
abstractNote = {We report that conventional principles of the design and operation of geologic carbon storage (GCS) require injecting CO2 below the caprock fracturing pressure to ensure the integrity of the storage complex. In nonideal storage reservoirs with relatively low permeability, pressure buildup can lead to hydraulic fracturing of the reservoir and caprock. While the GCS community has generally viewed hydraulic fractures as a key risk to storage integrity, a carefully designed stimulation treatment under appropriate geologic conditions could provide improved injectivity while maintaining overall seal integrity. A vertically contained hydraulic fracture, either in the reservoir rock or extending a limited height into the caprock, provides an effective means to access reservoir volume far from the injection well. Employing a fully coupled numerical model of hydraulic fracturing, solid deformation, and matrix fluid flow, we study the enabling conditions, processes, and mechanisms of hydraulic fracturing during CO2 injection. A hydraulic fracture's pressure-limiting behavior dictates that the near-well fluid pressure is only slightly higher than the fracturing pressure of the rock and is insensitive to injection rate and mechanical properties of the formation. Although a fracture contained solely within the reservoir rock with no caprock penetration, would be an ideal scenario, poroelastic principles dictate that sustaining such a fracture could lead to continuously increasing pressure until the caprock fractures. We also investigate the propagation pattern and injection pressure responses of a hydraulic fracture propagating in a caprock subjected to heterogeneous in situ stress. In conclusion, the results have important implications for the use of hydraulic fracturing as a tool for managing storage performance.},
doi = {10.1002/2017JB014942},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 12,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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