skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Citric Acid Based Pre-SEI for Improvement of Silicon Electrodes in Lithium Ion Batteries

Abstract

Silicon electrodes are of interest to the lithium ion battery industry due to high gravimetric capacity (~3580 mAh/g), natural abundance, and low toxicity. However, the process of alloying and dealloying during cell cycling, causes the silicon particles to undergo a dramatic volume change of approximately 280% which leads to electrolyte consumption, pulverization of the electrode, and poor cycling. In this study, the formation of an ex-situ artificial SEI on the silicon nanoparticles with citric acid has been investigated. Citric acid (CA) which was previously used as a binder for silicon electrodes was used to modify the surface of the nanoparticles to generate an artificial SEI, which could inhibit electrolyte decomposition on the surface of the silicon nanoparticles. The results suggest improved capacity retention of ~60% after 50 cycles for the surface modified silicon electrodes compared to 45% with the surface unmodified electrode. Similar improvements in capacity retention are observed upon citric acid surface modification for silicon graphite composite/ LiCoO2 cells.

Authors:
; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1458570
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1499265
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0007074
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society Journal Volume: 165 Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Lithium Battery; silicon anode; solid electrolyte interphase

Citation Formats

Chandrasiri, K. W. D. Kaveendi, Nguyen, Cao Cuong, Parimalam, Bharathy S., Jurng, Sunhyung, and Lucht, Brett L. Citric Acid Based Pre-SEI for Improvement of Silicon Electrodes in Lithium Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0161810jes.
Chandrasiri, K. W. D. Kaveendi, Nguyen, Cao Cuong, Parimalam, Bharathy S., Jurng, Sunhyung, & Lucht, Brett L. Citric Acid Based Pre-SEI for Improvement of Silicon Electrodes in Lithium Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0161810jes.
Chandrasiri, K. W. D. Kaveendi, Nguyen, Cao Cuong, Parimalam, Bharathy S., Jurng, Sunhyung, and Lucht, Brett L. Sat . "Citric Acid Based Pre-SEI for Improvement of Silicon Electrodes in Lithium Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0161810jes.
@article{osti_1458570,
title = {Citric Acid Based Pre-SEI for Improvement of Silicon Electrodes in Lithium Ion Batteries},
author = {Chandrasiri, K. W. D. Kaveendi and Nguyen, Cao Cuong and Parimalam, Bharathy S. and Jurng, Sunhyung and Lucht, Brett L.},
abstractNote = {Silicon electrodes are of interest to the lithium ion battery industry due to high gravimetric capacity (~3580 mAh/g), natural abundance, and low toxicity. However, the process of alloying and dealloying during cell cycling, causes the silicon particles to undergo a dramatic volume change of approximately 280% which leads to electrolyte consumption, pulverization of the electrode, and poor cycling. In this study, the formation of an ex-situ artificial SEI on the silicon nanoparticles with citric acid has been investigated. Citric acid (CA) which was previously used as a binder for silicon electrodes was used to modify the surface of the nanoparticles to generate an artificial SEI, which could inhibit electrolyte decomposition on the surface of the silicon nanoparticles. The results suggest improved capacity retention of ~60% after 50 cycles for the surface modified silicon electrodes compared to 45% with the surface unmodified electrode. Similar improvements in capacity retention are observed upon citric acid surface modification for silicon graphite composite/ LiCoO2 cells.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0161810jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 10,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1149/2.0161810jes

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: FTIR – ATR spectra of silicon nanoparticles (black), citric acid powder (red) and CA modified silicon nanoparticles (Blue).

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Reversible Cycling of Crystalline Silicon Powder
journal, January 2007

  • Obrovac, M. N.; Krause, L. J.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 154, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2402112

Understanding Polyacrylic Acid and Lithium Polyacrylate Binder Behavior in Silicon Based Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2017

  • Porcher, W.; Chazelle, S.; Boulineau, A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0821714jes

Capacity Fading Mechanisms of Silicon Nanoparticle Negative Electrodes for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Yoon, Taeho; Nguyen, Cao Cuong; Seo, Daniel M.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0731512jes

Review—Nano-Silicon/Carbon Composite Anode Materials Towards Practical Application for Next Generation Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Luo, Fei; Liu, Bonan; Zheng, Jieyun
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0131514jes

Self-healing anticorrosive organic coating based on an encapsulated water reactive silyl ester: Synthesis and proof of concept
journal, February 2011


A review of the electrochemical performance of alloy anodes for lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2011


Evaluating Si-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries in Commercially Relevant Negative Electrodes
journal, January 2014

  • Chevrier, Vincent L.; Liu, Li; Le, Dinh Ba
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.066405jes

Design of electrolyte solutions for Li and Li-ion batteries: a review
journal, November 2004


Silica nanoparticles for the layer-by-layer assembly of fully electro-active cytochrome c multilayers
journal, January 2011


Effects of Ferrocenyl Proximity and Monomer Presence during Oxidation for the Redox-Switchable Polymerization of l -Lactide
journal, September 2015

  • Brown, Lauren A.; Rhinehart, Jennifer L.; Long, Brian K.
  • ACS Catalysis, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.5b01434

Comparative Study of Fluoroethylene Carbonate and Vinylene Carbonate for Silicon Anodes in Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, January 2014

  • Nguyen, Cao Cuong; Lucht, Brett L.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0731412jes

Toward Efficient Binders for Li-Ion Battery Si-Based Anodes: Polyacrylic Acid
journal, October 2010

  • Magasinski, Alexandre; Zdyrko, Bogdan; Kovalenko, Igor
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 2, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/am100871y

Review on recent progress of nanostructured anode materials for Li-ion batteries
journal, July 2014


Surface film formation on a graphite electrode in Li-ion batteries: AFM and XPS study
journal, January 2005

  • Leroy, S.; Blanchard, F.; Dedryvère, R.
  • Surface and Interface Analysis, Vol. 37, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/sia.2072

Stabilization of silicon nanoparticles by carbenes
journal, May 2010

  • Aslanov, L. A.; Zakharov, V. N.; Zakharov, M. A.
  • Russian Journal of Coordination Chemistry, Vol. 36, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1134/S1070328410050027

Prospects and Limits of Energy Storage in Batteries
journal, February 2015

  • Abraham, K. M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 6, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz5026273

Building better batteries
journal, February 2008

  • Armand, M.; Tarascon, J.-M.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7179, p. 652-657
  • DOI: 10.1038/451652a

Silicon based lithium-ion battery anodes: A chronicle perspective review
journal, January 2017


Functional, water-soluble binders for improved capacity and stability of lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, October 2014


Relationship between the Properties and Cycle Life of Si/C Composites as Performance-Enhancing Additives to Graphite Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, December 2016

  • Schott, Tiphaine; Gómez-Cámer, Juan Luis; Novák, Petr
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0701702jes

Research progress on silicon/carbon composite anode materials for lithium-ion battery
journal, July 2018


Lithium batteries: Status, prospects and future
journal, May 2010


Nonaqueous Liquid Electrolytes for Lithium-Based Rechargeable Batteries
journal, October 2004


Electrolytes and Interphases in Li-Ion Batteries and Beyond
journal, October 2014


Systematic Investigation of Alkali Metal Ions as Additives for Graphite Anode in Propylene Carbonate Based Electrolytes
journal, October 2017


Critical roles of binders and formulation at multiscales of silicon-based composite electrodes
journal, April 2015


Comparative Issues of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2014


Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) Binder Degradation in Li–O 2 Batteries: A Consideration for the Characterization of Lithium Superoxide
journal, February 2017

  • Papp, Joseph K.; Forster, Jason D.; Burke, Colin M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b00040

Understanding capacity fade in silicon based electrodes for lithium-ion batteries using three electrode cells and upper cut-off voltage studies
journal, January 2016


High-Performance Li-Ion Battery Anodes Based on Silicon-Graphene Self-Assemblies
journal, October 2016

  • Kim, Nahyeon; Oh, Changil; Kim, Jaegyeong
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0101701jes

Improved Cycling Performance of a Si Nanoparticle Anode Utilizing Citric Acid as a Surface-Modifying Agent
journal, December 2016


Consumption of Fluoroethylene Carbonate (FEC) on Si-C Composite Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Jung, Roland; Metzger, Michael; Haering, Dominik
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0951608jes

A Review of Solid Electrolyte Interphases on Lithium Metal Anode
journal, November 2015